Institutional review boards (IRBs) are the linchpins of the protection systems that govern human participation in research. In recent years, high-profile cases have focused attention on the weaknesses of the procedures for protecting participants in medical research. The issues surrounding participants protection in the social, behavioral, and economic sciences may be less visible to the public eye, but they are no less important in ensuring ethical and responsible research.
This report examines three key issues related to human participation in social, behavioral, and economic sciences research: (1) obtaining informed, voluntary consent from prospective participants: (2) guaranteeing the confidentiality of information collected from participants, which is a particularly challenging problem in social sciences research; and (3) using appropriate review procedures for minimal-risk research.
Protecting Participants and Facilitating Social and Behavioral Sciences Research will be important to policy makers, research administrators, research sponsors, IRB members, and investigators. More generally, it contains important information for all who want to unsure the best protection for participants and researchers alike in the social, behavioral, and economic sciences.
Table of Contents
|2 Basic Concepts||23-58|
|3 Regulatory History||59-80|
|4 Enhancing Informed Consent||81-112|
|5 Enhancing Confidentiality Protection||113-142|
|6 Enhancing the Effectiveness of Review: Minimal-Risk Research||143-164|
|7 System Issues||165-182|
|Appendix A: Tracing Changes in Regulatory Language||191-216|
|Appendix B: Organizations and Resources for Human Research Participant Protection||217-220|
|Appendix C: Agenda for Panel's First Meeting||221-224|
|Appendix D: Selected Studies of IRB Operations: Summary Descriptions||225-234|
|Appendix E: Confidentiality and Data Access Issues for Institutional Review Boards||235-252|
|Biographical Sketches of Panel Members and Staff||253-258|
The National Academies Press (NAP) has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Rightslink service to offer you a variety of options for reusing NAP content. Through Rightslink, you may request permission to reprint NAP content in another publication, course pack, secure website, or other media. Rightslink allows you to instantly obtain permission, pay related fees, and print a license directly from the NAP website. The complete terms and conditions of your reuse license can be found in the license agreement that will be made available to you during the online order process. To request permission through Rightslink you are required to create an account by filling out a simple online form. The following list describes license reuses offered by the National Academies Press (NAP) through Rightslink:
Click here to obtain permission for the above reuses. If you have questions or comments concerning the Rightslink service, please contact:
Rightslink Customer Care
Tel (toll free): 877/622-5543
To request permission to distribute a PDF, please contact our Customer Service Department at 800-624-6242 for pricing.
To request permission to translate a book published by the National Academies Press or its imprint, the Joseph Henry Press, please click here to view more information.