In the Light of Evolution: Volume IV: The Human Condition
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  • Status: Final Book
  • ISBN: 978-0-309-15657-8
  • 428 pages
  • Downloads: 6,409
In the Light of Evolution:
Volume IV: The Human Condition
(2010)
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Description

The Human Condition is a collection of papers by leading evolutionary biologists and philosophers of science that reflect on the Darwinian Revolution as it relates to the human condition at levels ranging from the molecular to the theological. The book focuses on understanding the evolutionary origin of humans and their biological and cultural traits. The Human Condition is organized into three parts: Human Phylogenetic History and the Paleontological Record; Structure and Function of the Human Genome; and Cultural Evolution and the Uniqueness of Being Human.

This fourth volume from the In the Light of Evolution (ILE) series, based on a series of Arthur M. Sackler colloquia, was designed to promote the evolutionary sciences. Each volume explores evolutionary perspectives on a particular biological topic that is scientifically intriguing but also has special relevance to contemporary societal issues or challenges. Individually and collectively, the ILE series interprets phenomena in various areas of biology through the lens of evolution, addresses some of the most intellectually engaging as well as pragmatically important societal issues of our times, and fosters a greater appreciation of evolutionary biology as a consolidating foundation for the life sciences.

Topics

  • Biology and Life Sciences — Biodiversity
  • Biology and Life Sciences — Biology
  • Biology and Life Sciences — Evolution
Contents

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-xvi
PART I: HUMAN PHYLOGENETIC HISTORY AND THE PALEONTOLOGICAL RECORD 1-4
1 Reconstructing Human Evolution: Achievements, Challenges, and Opportunities--Bernard Wood 5-26
2 Terrestrial Apes and Phylogenetic Trees--Juan Luis Arsuaga 27-46
3 Phylogenomic Evidence of Adaptive Evolution in the Ancestry of Humans-Morris Goodman and Kirstin N. Sterner 47-62
4 Human Adaptations to Diet, Subsistence, and Ecoregion Are Due to Subtle Shifts in Allele Frequency--Angela M. Hancock, David B. Witonsky, Edvard Ehler, Gorka Alkorta-Aranburu, Cynthia Beall, Amha Gebremedhin, Rem Sukernik, Gerd Utermann, Jonathan Pritchard, Graham Coop, and Anna Di Rienzo 63-80
5 Working Toward a Synthesis of Archaeological, Linguistic, and Genetic Data for Inferring African Population History--Laura B. Scheinfeldt, Sameer Soi, and Sarah A. Tishkoff 81-100
PART II: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE HUMAN GENOME 101-104
6 Uniquely Human Evolution of Sialic Acid Genetics and Biology--Ajit Varki 105-126
7 Bioenergetics, the Origins of Complexity, and the Ascent of Man-Douglas C. Wallace 127-146
8 Genome-wide Patterns of Population Structure and Admixture Among Hispanic/Latino Populations--Katarzyna Bryc, Christopher Velez, Tatiana Karafet, Andres Moreno-Estrada, Andy Reynolds, Adam Auton, Michael Hammer, Carlos D. Bustamante, and Harry Ostrer 147-166
9 Human Skin Pigmentation as an Adaptation to UV Radiation--Nina G. Jablonski and George Chaplin 167-184
10 Footprints of Nonsentient Design Inside the Human Genome--John C. Avise 185-204
PART III: CULTURAL EVOLUTION AND THE UNIQUENESS OF BEING HUMAN 205-210
11 How Grandmother Effects Plus Individual Variation in Frailty Shape Fertility and Mortality: Guidance from Human-Chimpanzee Comparisons--Kristen Hawkes 211-230
12 Gene–Culture Coevolution in the Age of Genomics--Peter J. Richerson, Robert Boyd, and Joseph Henrich 231-256
13 The Cognitive Niche: Coevolution of Intelligence, Sociality, and Language--Steven Pinker 257-274
14 A Role for Relaxed Selection in the Evolution of the Language Capacity--Terrence W. Deacon 275-292
15 Adaptive Specializations, Social Exchange, and the Evolution of Human Intelligence--Leda Cosmides, H. Clark Barrett, and John Tooby 293-318
16 The Difference of Being Human: Morality--Francisco J. Ayala 319-340
References 341-392
Index 393-412

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National Academy of Sciences. In the Light of Evolution: Volume IV: The Human Condition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2010.

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