CTBSSP Synthesis 4: Individual Differences and the "High-Risk" Commercial Driver
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CTBSSP Synthesis 4:
Individual Differences and the "High-Risk" Commercial Driver
(2004)
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Overview

Authors

Description

TRB's Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program (CTBSSP) Synthesis 4: Individual Differences and the "High-Risk" Commercial Driver explores individual differences among commercial drivers, particularly as these differences relate to the "high-risk" commercial driver. The synthesis identifies factors relating to commercial vehicle crash risk and assesses ways that the high-risk driver can be targeted by various safety programs and practices, at both fleet- and industry-wide levels.

Topics

  • Transportation — Motor Carriers
  • Transportation — Safety and Human Factors
Contents

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-x
Summary 1-4
1.2 Scope 5-6
1.3 Approach 7-7
2.1.2 Survey Distribution and Analysis 8-8
2.2.2 Part 2: Driver Factors Associated with Risk 9-9
2.2.4 Part 4: Driver Evaluation 10-10
2.2.7 Part 7: Respondent Information 11-13
3.2 Models of Driver Error and Risk 14-16
4.1.1 Age 17-17
4.2.1 Commercial Driving Experience 18-18
4.2.3 Crashes, Violations, and Incidents 19-20
4.3 Non-Driving Criminal History 21-21
4.4.1 Sleep Apnea 22-22
4.4.3 Diabetes 23-23
4.6 Driver Fatigue 24-27
4.7 Personality 28-28
4.7.2 Social Maladjustment and Aggressive/Angry Personalities 29-29
4.9.2 Recent Involvement in Other Crashes 31-31
4.10.1 Maritime Operations 32-32
4.10.3 Aviation 33-33
5.2.1 Systematic Hiring 34-35
5.2.2 Selection Tests 36-37
5.3 Driver Performance Evaluation 38-38
5.4.1 Training and Counseling 39-39
5.4.2 Rewards and Punishment 40-40
5.4.3 Behavior-Based Safety 41-42
5.4.5 Termination 43-44
Chapter 6 - Research and Development Needs 45-46
References 47-51
Appendix A - Glossary 52-52
Appendix B - Project Statement of Work 53-53
Appendix C - Carrier Safety Manager Survey Form 54-56
Appendix D - Other Expert Survey Form 57-59
Appendix E - Relevant Statistical Concepts 60-64
Appendix F-1 - Driver Hiring Process 66-66
Appendix F-2 - Application for Employment 67-69
Appendix F-3 - Structured Personal Interview 70-79
Appendix F-4 - Minimum Driver Eligibility Criteria 80-81
Appendix F-5 - Driver Safety Record 82-82
Appendix F-6 - Performance Coaching Job Aid 83-83
Abbreviations used without definitions in TRB publications 84-84

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