NCHRP Report 500 Volume 18: A Guide for Reducing Collisions Involving Bicycles
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NCHRP Report 500 Volume 18:
A Guide for Reducing Collisions Involving Bicycles
(2008)
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Overview

Authors

Description

TRB's National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 500, Vol. 18, Guidance for Implementation of the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan: A Guide for Reducing Collisions Involving Bicycles provides strategies that can be employed to reduce collisions involving bicycles.

In 1998, the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) approved its Strategic Highway Safety Plan, which was developed by the AASHTO Standing Committee for Highway Traffic Safety with the assistance of the Federal Highway Administration, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, and the Transportation Research Board Committee on Transportation Safety Management. The plan includes strategies in 22 key emphasis areas that affect highway safety. The plan's goal is to reduce the annual number of highway deaths by 5,000 to 7,000. Each of the 22 emphasis areas includes strategies and an outline of what is needed to implement each strategy.

Over the next few years the National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) will be developing a series of guides, several of which are already available, to assist state and local agencies in reducing injuries and fatalities in targeted areas. The guides correspond to the emphasis areas outlined in the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan. Each guide includes a brief introduction, a general description of the problem, the strategies/countermeasures to address the problem, and a model implementation process.

Topics

  • Transportation — Highways
  • Transportation — Pedestrians and Bicyclists
  • Transportation — Safety and Human Factors

Publication Info

177 pages | 8.5 x 11
Contents

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-x
Introduction 1-1
General Description of the Problem 2-4
Objectives of the Emphasis Area 5-6
Section II - Introduction 7-8
Other Guidelines 9-9
General Description of the Problem 10-17
Characteristics of the Victims 18-18
Precipitating Events 19-24
Section IV - Index of Strategies by Implementation Timeframe and Relative Cost 25-26
Objectives of the Emphasis Area 27-29
Classification of Strategies 30-30
Related Strategies for Creating a Truly Comprehensive Approach 31-32
Objective A - Reduce Bicycle Crashes at Intersections 33-74
Objective B - Reduce Bicycle Crashes along Roadways 75-98
Objective C - Reduce Motor Vehicle Speeds 99-101
Objective D - Reduce Bicycle Crashes at Midblock Crossings 102-108
Objective E. Improve Safety Awareness and Behavior 109-119
Objective F - Increase Use of Bicycle Safety Equipment 120-126
Objective G - Reduce Effects of Hazards 127-135
Outline for a Model Implementation Process 136-136
Overview of the Model Process 137-139
Implementation Step 1: Identify and Define the Problem 140-143
Implementation Step 2: Recruit Appropriate Participants for the Program 144-145
Implementation Step 3: Establish Crash Reduction Goals 146-146
Implementation Step 4: Develop Program Policies, Guidelines, and Specifications 147-147
Implementation Step 5: Develop Alternative Approaches to Addressing the Problem 148-149
Implementation Step 6: Evaluate Alternatives and Select a Plan 150-151
Implementation Step 7: Submit Recommendations for Action by Top Management 152-152
Implementation Step 8: Develop a Plan of Action 153-154
Implementation Step 9: Establish Foundations for Implementing the Program 155-155
Implementation Step 10: Carry Out the Action Plan 156-156
Implementation Step 11: Assess and Transition the Program 157-158
Section VII - Key References 159-165
Appendixes 166-166
Abbreviations used without definitions in TRB publications 167-167

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