ACRP Report 15: Aircraft Noise: A Toolkit for Managing Community Expectations
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ACRP Report 15:
Aircraft Noise: A Toolkit for Managing Community Expectations
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TRB's Airport Cooperative Research Program(ACRP) Report 15: Aircraft Noise: A Toolkit for Managing Community Expectations explores ways to improve communications with the public about issues related to aircraft noise exposure. The report examines practices that characterize an effective communications program and provides basic information about noise and its abatement to assist in responding to public inquiries.

ACRP Report 15 also identifies tools designed to help initiate a new or upgrade an existing program of communication with public and private stakeholders about noise issues. An accompanying CD-ROM with the printed version of the report contains a toolkit with examples of material that has been successfully used to communicate information about noise, as well as numerous guidance documents about noise and communications. The CD-ROM is also available for download as an ISO image online.

Links to the ISO image and instructions for burning a CD-ROM from an ISO image are provided below.

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  • Transportation — Aviation
  • Transportation — Environment
  • Transportation — Planning and Forecasting
  • Transportation — Administration and Management

Publication Info

164 pages | 8.5 x 11

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-xii
Chapter 1 - Introduction and Guidebook Summary 1-1
How to Use the Guidebook 2-2
The Relationship Between Environmental Planning for Airports and General Community Response Factors 3-3
Culture Shift Required 4-5
Select Staff for Service-Oriented Attitude (People-Skills) 6-6
Cumulative versus Single Event Noise 7-7
Best Practices for Managing Noise Compatibility Issues 8-9
Legal/Administrative Requirements for Public Contact 10-10
Shifting to a Public Service-Oriented Approach 11-11
Potential Communication Objectives 12-12
Example Evaluation Questions 13-13
What Does the Public Really Want? 14-14
Introduction 15-15
Strategies for Successful Community Engagement 16-16
Strategies for Successful Community Engagement 17-26
Self-Assessment Tool 27-27
How to Use the Self-Assessment Tool 28-31
Implementation Steps Matrix 32-32
How to Use the Implementation Steps Matrix 33-35
Community Engagement Techniques and Tools 36-36
Community Involvement Manuals 37-37
Communications Checklists 38-39
Checklists For Meeting Preparation and Meeting Announcements 40-40
Brochures 41-42
Fact Sheets 43-43
Flyers or Posters 44-44
Newsletters 45-45
Frequently Asked Questions 46-46
Annual Reports and Noise Program Overviews 47-48
Multimedia Presentations 49-50
Websites 51-51
Interactive Learning Tool 52-53
Advanced Technology Demonstrations 54-54
Outreach Vehicle Tools 55-55
Airport and Peer Industry Literature Review 56-56
Airport Case Studies 57-57
University Case Study 58-58
Best Practices in the Airport Industry: An Assessment of Airport Community Involvement Efforts 59-60
Best Practices in the Transportation Industry: Transportation Research Board White Paper 61-61
What is Good Practice? 62-62
Challenges to Practitioners: Areas for Development 63-63
Conclusions 64-64
Study Findings 65-66
Large/Medium-Hub Airport with Passenger Service - San Francisco International Airport (SFO) 67-69
Small/Non-Hub Airport with Passenger Service - Long Beach Airport (LGB) 70-72
Cargo Hub Airport - Louisville International Airport/Standiford Field (SDF) 73-75
Large General Aviation/Reliever Airport - Van Nuys Airport (VNY) 76-79
Smaller General Aviation Airport - Ohio State University Airport (OSU) 80-81
Education Industry - Crisis in the College/University Relationship with the Community: A Case Study (14) 82-84
Conclusions 85-86
Chapter 6 - Noise Management and Public Response 87-87
Congressional and Federal Regulatory Actions 88-89
FAA Orders and Guidance on Environmental Planning 90-90
State and Local Action 91-91
Airport Role in Comprehensive Planning 92-92
Stakeholder Involvement and Jurisdictional Coordination 93-93
Cumulative versus Single Event Noise Levels 94-94
Thresholds of Significant Noise 95-99
Difference Between Compatible and Incompatible (Noise-Sensitive) Land Uses 100-100
Differences within the FAA Divisions Regarding Thresholds of Noise Level Evaluation (60/65 DNL in Airports vs. 45/60/65 DNL in Air Traffic) 101-101
Precedence of Federal and State/Local Standards and When Applicable 102-103
Measured versus Computer-Modeled Noise Levels 104-104
Sound Insulation Programs for Noise Abatement 105-106
Difference between Interior and Exterior Sound Levels and Methods to Abate Each 107-107
Contour and Impact Area Change Over Time and the Differences Between Federal and Local Response to Change 108-108
Self Assessment Tools for Noise Management Programs 109-109
Evaluation Checklist for Airports with Established Noise Programs 110-110
Chapter 7 - Noise Metrics and Community Response 111-111
Cumulative Noise Metrics 112-112
Community Noise Equivalent Level (CNEL) 113-113
Sound Exposure Level (SEL) 114-114
Maximum A-Weighted Sound Level (Lmax) 115-115
Number of Events Above (NA) 116-116
Time Above 117-117
Best Applications 118-118
Noise Complaint Characteristics 119-121
Preferential Runway Use Program 122-122
Flight Track Modifications to Fly Over Compatible Uses 123-123
Approach Thrust and Flap Management Procedures 124-124
Restrict Ground Run-up Activity 125-125
Displaced Threshold - Landings 126-126
High Speed Exit Taxiways 127-127
Enhanced Navigational Aids 128-128
Airport Access Restrictions 129-130
Best Practices 131-132
Chapter 9 - Land Use Management Techniques for Noise Abatement 133-133
Purchase of Non-Compatible Land 134-134
Waiver of Claim 135-135
Purchase Assurance/Sales Assistance 136-136
Comprehensive Community Planning 137-137
Noise Impact Overlay Zoning 138-138
Dedication of Noise and Overflight Easements 139-139
Development Density Restrictions in High Noise Areas 140-140
Building Code Modifications 141-141
Best Practices in Land Use Management for Noise Compatibility 142-143
References 144-151
Abbreviations used without definitions in TRB publications 152-152

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