NCHRP Synthesis 402: Construction Manager-at-Risk Project Delivery for Highway Programs
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NCHRP Synthesis 402:
Construction Manager-at-Risk Project Delivery for Highway Programs
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TRB's National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Synthesis 402: Construction Manager-at-Risk Project Delivery for Highway Programs explores current methods in which state departments of transportation and other public engineering agencies are applying construction manager-at-risk (CMR) project delivery to their construction projects.

CMR project delivery is an integrated team approach to the planning, design, and construction of a highway project, to help control schedule and budget, and to help ensure quality for the project owner. The team consists of the owner; the designer, who might be an in-house engineer; and the at-risk construction manager. The goal of this project delivery method is to engage at-risk construction expertise early in the design process to enhance constructability, manage risk, and facilitate concurrent execution of design and construction without the owner relinquishing control over the details of design as it would in a design-build project.


  • Transportation — Highways
  • Transportation — Construction
  • Transportation — Administration and Management

Publication Info

137 pages | 8.5 x 11

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-x
Summary 1-3
Background 4-4
Project Delivery Methods 5-7
Key Definitions 8-8
Study Instruments 9-9
Literature Summary 10-14
Synthesis Methodology 15-18
Case Study Summary 19-20
Rationale for Choosing Construction Manager-at-Risk Project Delivery 21-21
Construction Manager-at-Risk Procurement Procedures 22-22
Construction Manager-at-Risk Project Administration 23-24
Summary 25-25
State Laws 26-28
Project Delivery Procedures 29-31
Summary 32-32
Construction Manager-at-Risk Selection Models 33-38
Content Analysis Request for Qualifications/Request for Proposal Submittal Requirements 39-39
Selection Process Details 40-44
Selection Process Protests 45-47
Summary 48-49
Design-Related Preconstruction Services 50-54
Cost-Related Preconstruction Services 55-55
Schedule-Related Preconstruction Services 56-57
Administrative Preconstruction Services 58-58
Preconstruction Fees and Design Cost Impact 59-61
Summary 62-63
Project Direct Costs 64-68
Construction Manager-at-Risk Fee 69-69
Contingency Development 70-71
Guaranteed Maximum Price Administrative Items 72-74
Summary 75-75
Quality Management in Design Phase 76-77
Quality Management in Contruction Phase 78-78
Quality Outcomes 79-79
Summary 80-80
Organizational-Level Barriers 81-82
Conclusions 83-83
Conclusions 84-85
Lessons Learned 86-86
Further Research 87-88
Summary 89-89
References 90-93
Bibliography 94-94
Glossary 95-96
Appendix A - National Survey Questionnaire 97-98
Appendix B - Case Study Project Questionnaire 99-112
Appendix C - Case Study Projects 113-126
Abbreviations used without definitions in TRB publications 127-127

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