TCRP Report 153: Guidelines for Providing Access to Public Transportation Stations
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TCRP Report 153:
Guidelines for Providing Access to Public Transportation Stations
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TRB's Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Report 153: Guidelines for Providing Access to Public Transportation Stations is intended to aid in the planning, developing, and improving of access to high capacity commuter rail, heavy rail, light rail, bus rapid transit, and ferry stations. The report includes guidelines for arranging and integrating various station design elements.

The print version of TCRP Report 153 is accompanied by a CD-ROM that includes a station access planning spreadsheet tool that allows trade-off analyses among the various access modes--automobile, transit, bicycle, pedestrian, and transit-oriented development--for different station types. The appendices to TCRP Report 153 are also available on the CD-ROM.

The items contained in the CD-ROM are also available for download below.

In 2009 TRB released TCRP Web-Only Document 44: Literature Review for Providing Access to Public Transportation Stations, which describes the results of the literature review associated with the project that developed TCRP Report 153.


  • Transportation — Planning and Forecasting
  • Transportation — Public Transportation
  • Transportation — Terminals and Facilities

Publication Info

146 pages | 8.5 x 11

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-xi
Key Issues 1-1
General Guidelines 2-2
Organization of the Guidelines 3-3
Future Research Needs 4-4
Successful Station Access Planning 5-5
The Station Access Planning Process 6-18
Elements of Successful Station Access Planning 19-24
Improving Station Access Planning 25-25
Insights from the Case Studies 26-32
Station Typologies 33-34
Examples of Station Arrival Modes 35-42
Access Policy Guidelines 43-43
Review of Practice 44-45
Station Access Model 46-47
Effects of Improved Station Access 48-50
Estimating Ridership for New and Infill Stations 51-53
Background 54-55
Additional Considerations 56-56
Overview of Options 57-57
Sequence of Access Design Chapters 58-58
Context 59-59
Factors Affecting Pedestrian Access 60-60
Design Principles 61-65
Chapter 8 - Bicycle Access to Transit 66-66
Interagency Coordination 67-67
Factors Affecting Bicycle Access 68-68
Bicycle Access Improvements 69-76
General Planning Guidelines 77-79
Access Objectives and Guidelines 80-84
Bus Characteristics 85-85
Bus Operating Practice and Terminal Design 86-88
Terminal Access And Arrangement 89-91
Overview and Objectives 92-93
User and Usage Characteristics 94-97
Planning Guidelines 98-104
Traffic and Parking Management Guidelines 105-105
Facility Arrangement and Design 106-112
Operations and Maintenance 113-114
Issues and Opportunities 115-116
Development Types and Sizes 117-118
TOD - Where Does It Work? 119-119
General Guidelines 120-122
Comparisons of TOD and Park-And-Ride 123-127
Implications and Directions 128-129
References 130-132
List of Agency Abbreviations 133-133
Appendices A Through E 134-134
Abbreviations used without definitions in TRB publications 135-135

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