This report concludes that steps must be taken to meet the urgent need for sustainable practices in world agriculture if the demands of an expanding world population are to be met without destroying the environment or natural resource base. In particular, GM technology, coupled with important developments in other areas, should be used to increase the production of main food staples, improve the efficiency of production, reduce the environmental impact of agriculture, and provide access to food for small-scale farmers. However, concerted, organized efforts must be undertaken to investigate the potential health and environmental effects both positive and negative of GM technologies in their specific applications. These must be assessed against the background of effects from conventional agricultural technologies that are currently in use.
National Research Council. Transgenic Plants and World Agriculture . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2000.
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