WEB SITES AND WEB PAGES
The World Wide Web is based on a clientserver model:
A user, or client, specifically requests
a Web page from a host, or server.
Web pages and their Web sites are identified by the server and accessed through uniform resource locators (URLs). The URL for
NetSafeKids is http://www.netsafekids.org.
You can reach a Web site by typing its URL into a browser, such as Netscape
Navigator or Microsoft Internet Explorer. You can also click on a link
that you find in other Web-site pages, instant
messages, or e-mail, or through search
engines. Another way to access a site is by selecting a bookmark
or favorite on a computer in a public area, such as an Internet
cafe or a library.
Browsing the World Wide Web, which carries more than two
billion pages of text, still and moving images, and sound, offers children
of educational, social, and cultural resources and up-to-the minute
- Lack of advertising restrictions can expose children
to a number of marketing ploys and unauthorized use of personal information.
Web sites can mislead, offer inaccurate information, or promote hate,
violence, cults, drugs, and have other inappropriate content.
- The adult online industry uses Web pages to present
most of its material today. Links to sexually explicit Web sites are
extremely easy to find and can be accessed by children through any Internet
channel, either deliberately or accidentally.
- Kids might accidentally reach inappropriate Web
content through common errors in typing a URL. Pornographers often take
over domain names associated with common misspellings or errors (such
as when a child types in the extension .com instead of .org
or .edu) and link them to pornographic sites.
- Another concern for children is an advertising
practice known as mousetrapping, where someone trying to
leave one Web site is automatically forwarded to another site. Although
this technology has legitimate uses, such as in e-shopping, adult Web-site
operators pay other sites to forward traffic to them. Forwarding visitors
can be a lucrative practice. For children, however, mousetrapping can
be a frightening experience involving many pages of unwanted content.
Sometimes users are so scared and rattled that they resort to unplugging
the computer to get rid of the objectionable material.