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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 80 Biographical Memoirs NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 80 NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS The National Academy Press publishes the reports issued by the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, and the National Research Council, all operating under a charter granted by the Congress of the United States.
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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 80 NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Biographical Memoirs VOLUME 80 NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS WASHINGTON, D.C.
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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 80 The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by Act of Congress as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation for the furtherance of science and technology, required to advise the federal government upon request within its fields of competence. Under its corporate charter the Academy established the National Research Council in 1916, the National Academy of Engineering in 1964, and the Institute of Medicine in 1970. Any opinions expressed in this memoir are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Academy of Sciences. INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER 0-309-08281-1 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SERIAL NUMBER 0077–2933 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 5–26629 Available from NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS 2101 CONSTITUTION AVENUE, N.W. WASHINGTON, D.C. 20418 COPYRIGHT 2001 BY THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ALL RIGHTS RESERVED PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 80 CONTENTS PREFACE vii DANIEL I.ARNON BY BOB B.BUCHANAN 3 LIPMAN BERS BY IRWIN KRA AND HYMAN BASS 23 GEORGE DAVID BIRKHOFF BY OSWALD VEBLEN 45 KARL WOLFGANG DEUTSCH BY RICHARD L.MERRITT, BRUCE M.RUSSETT, AND ROBERT A.DAHL 59 ZVI GRILICHES BY MARC NERLOVE 81 JOHN C.HARSANYI BY KENNETH J.ARROW 109 MICHAEL HEIDELBERGER BY HERMAN N.EISEN 123 ALFRED DAY HERSHEY BY FRANKLIN W.STAHL 143
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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 80 KARL FERDINAND HERZFELD BY JOSEPH F.MULLIGAN 161 WILLIAM SUMMER JOHNSON BY GILBERT STORK 185 RICHARD STOCKTON MACNEISH BY KENT V.FLANNERY AND JOYCE MARCUS 201 EDWARD JAMES MCSHANE BY LEONARD D.BIRKOVITZ AND WENDELL H.FLEMING 227 ROBERT LEE METCALF BY MAY R.BERENBAUM AND RICHARD LAMPMAN 241 DAVID RITTENBERG BY DAVID SHEMIN AND RONALD BENTLEY 257 RUTH SAGER BY ARTHUR B.PARDEE 277 RAY FRED SMITH BY PERRY ADKISSON, WILLIAM ALLEN, JOHN CASIDA, AND EDWARD SYLVESTER 291 FRANK HAROLD SPEDDING BY JOHN D.CORBETT 301 SAM BARD TREIMAN BY STEPHEN L.ADLER 329 ROBERT RATHBUN WILSON BY BOYCE D.MCDANIEL AND ALBERT SILVERMAN 349 ROBERT BURNS WOODWARD BY ELKAN BLOUT 367
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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 80 PREFACE On March 3, 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Act of Incorporation that brought the National Academy of Sciences into being. In accordance with that original charter, the Academy is a private, honorary organization of scientists, elected for outstanding contributions to knowledge, who can be called upon to advise the federal government. As an institution the Academy’s goal is to work toward increasing scientific knowledge and to further the use of that knowledge for the general good. The Biographical Memoirs, begun in 1877, are a series of volumes containing the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased members of the Academy. Colleagues familiar with the discipline and the subject’s work prepare the essays. These volumes, then, contain a record of the life and work of our most distinguished leaders in the sciences, as witnessed and interpreted by their colleagues and peers. They form a biographical history of science in America—an important part of our nation’s contribution to the intellectual heritage of the world. R.STEPHEN BERRY Home Secretary
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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 80 This page in the original is blank.