SCIENCE TEACHER PREPARATION IN AN ERA OF STANDARDS-BASED REFORM

COMMITTEE ON UNDERGRADUATE SCIENCE EDUCATION

CENTER FOR SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND ENGINEERING EDUCATION

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL

A report of the Committee on Undergraduate Science Education, prepared for the National Science Foundation Directorate for Education and Human Resources, Division of Undergraduate Education

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, D.C.
1997



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Science Teacher Preparation in an Era of Standards-Based Reform SCIENCE TEACHER PREPARATION IN AN ERA OF STANDARDS-BASED REFORM COMMITTEE ON UNDERGRADUATE SCIENCE EDUCATION CENTER FOR SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND ENGINEERING EDUCATION NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL A report of the Committee on Undergraduate Science Education, prepared for the National Science Foundation Directorate for Education and Human Resources, Division of Undergraduate Education NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C. 1997

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Science Teacher Preparation in an Era of Standards-Based Reform NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M.Alberts and Dr. William Wulf are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. The Center for Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Education was established in 1995 to provide coordination of all the National Research Council’s education activities and reform efforts for all students at all levels, specifically at the kindergarten through twelfth grade, undergraduate, school-to-work programs, and continuing education. The Center reports directly to the Governing Board of the National Research Council. This study by the Committee on Undergraduate Science Education was conducted under the National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council’s Cooperative Agreement with the National Science Foundation (No. OSR-935574). Any opinions, findings, or recommendations expressed in this report are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the National Science Foundation. Additional copies of this report are available from: Committee on Undergraduate Science Education National Research Council 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20418 202–334–1462 This report is also available online at http://www.nap.edu. Printed in the United States of America. Copyright 1997 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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Science Teacher Preparation in an Era of Standards-Based Reform COMMITTEE ON UNDERGRADUATE SCIENCE EDUCATION *C.Bradley Moore (Committee Chair), Professor of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, CA Isaac D.Abella, Professor of Physics, University of Chicago, IL George Boggs, President, Palomar College, San Marcos, CA Denice D.Denton, Dean of Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA *Marye Anne Fox, Vice President for Research, University of Texas, Austin, TX Dorothy L.Gabel, Professor of Education, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN Frederick T.Graybeal, Chief Geologist, ASARCO, Inc., New York, NY *Norman Hackerman, Chair, Science Advisory Board, The Robert A.Welch Foundation, Houston, TX Paul J.Kuerbis, Professor of Education, The Colorado College, Colorado Springs, CO Dorothy J.Merritts, Associate Professor of Geology, Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA *John A.Moore, Professor Emeritus of Biology, University of California, Riverside, CA Penny P.Moore, Teacher, Piedmont High School, Piedmont, CA James W.Serum, Manager, Distributed Measurement Products, Hewlett-Packard Co., Wilmington, DE *David T.Wilkinson, Professor of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ *   Member, National Academy of Sciences CONTRIBUTING AUTHORS Ronald D.Anderson, Professor of Education, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO Carole P.Mitchener, Professor of Education, DePaul University, Chicago, IL NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL STAFF Nancy L.Devino, Study Director Gail E.Pritchard, Research Assistant Catherine Y.Bell, Project Assistant

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Science Teacher Preparation in an Era of Standards-Based Reform TABLE OF CONTENTS     Summary of Recommendations   1     Introduction   3     A Vision of Science Teacher Preparation   4     Vision 1   4     Vision 2   6     Vision 3   8     Vision 4   11     Vision 5   11     Vision 6   14     Vision 7   15     References   19

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