Record Linkage Techniques—1997

Proceedings of an International Workshop and Exposition

Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics

National Research Council

Federal Committee on Statistical Methodology Office of Management and Budget

National Academy Press
Washington, DC 1999



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Record Linkage Techniques—1997: Proceedings of an International Workshop and Exposition Record Linkage Techniques—1997 Proceedings of an International Workshop and Exposition Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics National Research Council Federal Committee on Statistical Methodology Office of Management and Budget National Academy Press Washington, DC 1999

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Record Linkage Techniques—1997: Proceedings of an International Workshop and Exposition NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievement of engineers. Dr. William A.Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I.Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce Alberts and Dr. William A.Wulf are chairman and vice-chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. This material is based on work supported by the Bureau of the Census, under purchase order 40YABC622606; the U.S. Department of Agriculture, under purchase order no. 433K06703404; the Department of Health and Human Services, under purchase order no. 0009730126 and grant no. 1R13CA74882–01; and the National Science Foundation, under grant no. SBR-9619987. Support for this project was also provided by Ernst and Young, LLP, the Internal Revenue Service, the Office of Management and Budget's Federal Committee on Statistical Methodology, Statistics Canada, and the Washington Statistical Society. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the sponsors. An electronic copy of the volume is available on the National Academy of Sciences Web site at <http://www.nap.edu>. Copyright 1999 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America

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Record Linkage Techniques—1997: Proceedings of an International Workshop and Exposition Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics DARYL PREGIBON, AT&T Laboratories, Chair RICHARD A.BERK, University of California, Los Angeles GEORGE W.COBB, Mount Holyoke College SUSAN S.ELLENBERG, U.S. Food and Drug Administration JOAN GARFIELD, University of Minnesota JAMES D.KUELBS, University of Wisconsin JOHN LEHOCZKY, Carnegie Mellon University JUDITH M.TANNER, State University of New York, Stony Brook ELIZABETH THOMPSON, University of Washington TOMMY WRIGHT, U.S. Bureau of the Census Staff JOHN R.TUCKER, Program Officer

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Record Linkage Techniques—1997: Proceedings of an International Workshop and Exposition Board on Mathematical Sciences ROBERT MacPHERSON, Institute for Advanced Study, Chair LYNNE BILLARD, University of Georgia MARY ELLEN BOCK, Purdue University ROBERT FEFFERMAN, University of Chicago C.WILLIAM GEAR, NEC Research Institute FAN CHUNG GRAHAM, University of Pennsylvania M.SUSAN MONTGOMERY, University of Southern California DIANNE P.O'LEARY, University of Maryland ALAN S.PERELSON, Los Alamos National Laboratory WILLIAM R.PULLEYBLANK, IBM T.J.Watson Research Center DONALD ST. P.RICHARDS, University of Virginia DANIEL W.STROOCK, Massachusetts Institute of Technology DEWITT L.SUMNERS, University of Florida WILLIAM P.ZIEMER, Indiana University Ex Officio Member DARYL PREGIBON, AT&T Laboratories Chair, Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics Staff JOHN R.TUCKER, Director RUTH E.O'BRIEN, Staff Associate BARBARA W.WRIGHT, Administrative Assistant

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Record Linkage Techniques—1997: Proceedings of an International Workshop and Exposition Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications PETER M.BANKS, ERIM International, Inc., Co-chair W.CARL LINEBERGER, University of Colorado, Co-chair WILLIAM BROWDER, Princeton University LAWRENCE D.BROWN, University of Pennsylvania MARSHALL H.COHEN, California Institute of Technology RONALD G.DOUGLAS, Texas A&M University JOHN E.ESTES, University of California at Santa Barbara JERRY P.GOLLUB, Haverford College MARTHA P.HAYNES, Cornell University JOHN L.HENNESSY, Stanford University CAROL M.JANTZEN, Westinghouse Savannah River Company PAUL G.KAMINSKI, Technovation, Inc. KENNETH H.KELLER, University of Minnesota MARGARET G.KIVELSON, University of California at Los Angeles DANIEL KLEPPNER, Massachusetts Institute of Technology JOHN R.KREICK, Sanders, a Lockheed Martin Company (retired) MARSHA I.LESTER, University of Pennsylvania M.ELISABETH PATÉ-CORNELL, Stanford University NICHOLAS P.SAMIOS, Brookhaven National Laboratory CHANG-LIN TIEN, University of California at Berkeley NORMAN METZGER, Executive Director

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Record Linkage Techniques—1997: Proceedings of an International Workshop and Exposition Federal Committee on Statistical Methodology Office of Management and Budget NANCY KIRKENDALL (Chair), Office of Management and Budget WENDY ALVEY (Secretary), Bureau of the Census SUE AHMED, Consumer Product Safety Commission LYNDA CARLSON, Energy Information Administration CYNTHIA Z.F.CLARK, Bureau of the Census STEVEN B.COHEN, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research LAWRENCE H.COX, Environmental Protection Agency CATHRYN DIPPO, Bureau of Labor Statistics ZAHAVA D.DOERING, Smithsonian Institution ROBERT E.FAY III, Bureau of the Census GERALD GATES, Bureau of the Census DANIEL KASPRZYK, National Center for Education Statistics ROBERT P.PARKER, Bureau of Economic Analysis CHARLES P.PAUTLER, JR., Bureau of the Census DAVID PIERCE, Federal Reserve Board ROLF SCHMITT, Bureau of Transportation Statistics MONROE SIRKEN, National Center for Health Statistics ALAN TUPEK, National Science Foundation DENTON VAUGHAN, Social Security Administration ROBERT WARREN, Immigration and Naturalization Service G.DAVID WILLLAMSON, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention LAURA ZAYATZ, Bureau of the Census Expert Consultants ROBERT GROVES, Joint Program in Survey Methodology GRAHAM KALTON, Joint Program in Survey Methodology

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Record Linkage Techniques—1997: Proceedings of an International Workshop and Exposition Program Committee FRITZ SCHEUREN (Co-chair), Ernst and Young, LLP WILLIAM WINKLER (Co-chair), Bureau of the Census MAXINE ANDERSON-BROWN (Workshop Coordinator), Bureau of the Census WENDY ALVEY, Internal Revenue Service JOHN ARMSTRONG, Statistics Canada CHARLES DAY, National Agricultural Statistics Service JOHN TUCKER, National Research Council LAURA ZAYATZ, Bureau of the Census Workshop Support SHELBY FOLGER, Bureau of the Census ANNA HOLAUS, Bureau of the Census MICHAEL L.LUCAS, Bureau of the Census CAROL McDANIEL, Bureau of the Census RUTH O'BRIEN, National Research Council BARBARA WRIGHT, National Research Council

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