predisease pathways, 20, 26-27, 35-40

race/ethnicity, 97

socioeconomic status and, 48-49, 103, 104

Alternative medicine, 141-142, 144

Alzheimer's disease,

see Dementia

American Indians,

see Native Americans

Amino acid regulation, 32

Animal models, 179

colony infrastructure, 6, 13, 70, 184, 186, 188

environmentally induced gene expression, 6, 66-69, 70, 77

environmental stressors, 33, 37

exercise and neurogenesis, 169

intergenerational transmission of behavior, 67-68

mother-child behavior, 28-30, 31, 32, 66-69, 77, 78-79

personal ties, 7, 76, 77, 84

positive health, 46-47, 169-170

recovery from disease, 33

self-efficacy and recovery from disease, 33

social relations, 6, 7, 13, 76, 77, 84, 170, 184, 186;

see also “personal ties” above

socioeconomic hierarchies, 9, 103

substance abuse during pregnancy, 35

Anxiety, 31, 32, 33, 50, 142

Asians and Pacific Islanders, 107, 110

Assessment,

see Research infrastructure;

Research methodology

Asset and Health Dynamics Survey, 133

Asthma, 10, 126, 134-135, 143, 148

Attitudes

stigmatization, 3, 9, 23-29, 107, 109-110, 111, 155

toward cancer and HIV patients, 155

see also Emotional factors;

Racism and discrimination

B

Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, 185

Behavior, individual, 1-2, 17-18, 20, 40, 188

community-level factors, 91

cumulative risk, 26

gene expression, 64, 129-130, 149

intergenerational transfer, 30, 31, 34, 67-68

interventions, general, 11, 12, 149-152, 156, 160;

see also Health promotion

personal ties, 74-75, 82

population surveys, 10, 11, 118, 143

positive health, 5, 47, 52-53, 56, 57

predisease pathways, 3-4, 25, 32, 34-36, 176-177

primary prevention, 52-53

research methodology, 176-177, 179, 180

socioeconomic hierarchies, 9, 102-103

see also Alcohol and drug use;

Exercise;

Mental illness;

Nutrition;

Personal ties;

Primary prevention;

Psychological factors;

Sexually transmitted diseases;

Smoking;

Social factors

Benzodiazapine system, 32

Birth cohorts,

see Cohort studies

Birth weight, 36, 65, 91, 92, 93, 96, 119, 125, 134, 138

Black persons, 106, 108-111

mortality, 106, 108, 110

occupational hazards, 108

Brain function and structure, 171-172, 173

child-mother interactions, 29

hippocampus, 26, 77

historical perspectives, 17

medulla, 29, 31, 33, 168

epinephrine, 27, 37, 39, 80, 172, 174

norepinephrine, 27, 37, 66, 74, 172, 174

personal ties, 7, 73, 77-79, 84

positive health, 46-47, 171

prenatal development, 28

Breast cancer, 35, 50, 75, 129, 155

Britain,

see United Kingdom

C

Cancer, 173

attitudes toward patients, 155

breast, 35, 50, 75, 129, 155

diet, 129

early childhood experiences and, 29

genomics, 69-70, 155

interventions, general, 151, 157

lung, 22, 75, 126, 132

National Cancer Act, 1, 19

National Cancer Institute, 1, 19, 45, 157-158

ovarian, 155

personal ties, 75, 151-153

population-level health, 129, 131

positive health, 52



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