A REVIEW OF THE ARMY'S PUBLIC AFFAIRS EFFORTS IN SUPPORT OF THE CHEMICAL STOCKPILE DISPOSALPROGRAM

Letter Report from the

Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical StockpileDisposal Program

Board on Army Science and Technology

National Research Council

Washington, D.C.



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A REVIEW OF THE ARMY'S PUBLIC AFFAIRS EFFORTS IN SUPPORT OF THE CHEMICAL STOCKPILE DISPOSALPROGRAM A REVIEW OF THE ARMY'S PUBLIC AFFAIRS EFFORTS IN SUPPORT OF THE CHEMICAL STOCKPILE DISPOSALPROGRAM Letter Report from the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical StockpileDisposal Program Board on Army Science and Technology National Research Council Washington, D.C.

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A REVIEW OF THE ARMY'S PUBLIC AFFAIRS EFFORTS IN SUPPORT OF THE CHEMICAL STOCKPILE DISPOSALPROGRAM NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approvedby the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose membersare drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences,the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosenfor their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance. This is a report of work supported by Contract DAAD19-00-C-0009 between the U.S. Army and the National Academy of Sciences. Any opinions,findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publicationare those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the viewof the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project. Limited copies are available from: Board on Army Science and Technology National Research Council 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20418 (202) 334-3118 Copyright 2000 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America.

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A REVIEW OF THE ARMY'S PUBLIC AFFAIRS EFFORTS IN SUPPORT OF THE CHEMICAL STOCKPILE DISPOSALPROGRAM THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES National Academy of Sciences National Academy of Engineering Institute of Medicine National Research Council The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguishedscholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicatedto the furtherance of science and technology and to their use forthe general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted toit by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requiresit to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters.Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academyof Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers.It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of itsmembers, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibilityfor advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineeringalso sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs,encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievementsof engineers. Dr. William A. Wulf is president of the National Academyof Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to securethe services of eminent members of appropriate professions in theexamination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public.The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the NationalAcademy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviserto the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identifyissues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shineis president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associatethe broad community of science and technology with the Academy'spurposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government.Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by theAcademy, the Council has become the principal operating agency ofboth the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy ofEngineering in providing services to the government, the public,and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administeredjointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. BruceM. Alberts and Dr. William A. Wulf are chairman and vice chairman,respectively, of the National Research Council.

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A REVIEW OF THE ARMY'S PUBLIC AFFAIRS EFFORTS IN SUPPORT OF THE CHEMICAL STOCKPILE DISPOSAL PROGRAM COMMITTEE ON REVIEW AND EVALUATION OF THE ARMY CHEMICAL STOCKPILE DISPOSAL PROGRAM PETER B. LEDERMAN, chair, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark (as of 8/1/00) DAVID S. KOSSON, chair, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee (until 7/31/00) CHARLES I. McGINNIS, vice chair, consultant, Charlottesville, Virginia (as of 8/1/00) DAVID H. ARCHER, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania PIERO M. ARMENANTE, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark DENNIS C. BLEY, Buttonwood Consulting, Inc., Oakton, Virginia (until 7/31/00) JERRY L.R. CHANDLER, George Mason University, McLean, Virginia JOHN J. COSTOLNICK, Exxon Chemical Company (retired), Houston, Texas (as of 8/1/00) FRANK P. CRIMI, Lockheed Martin (retired), Saratoga, California J. ROBERT GIBSON, DuPont Life Sciences, Wilmington, Delaware MICHAEL R. GREENBERG, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick DEBORAH L. GRUBBE, DuPont Company, Wilmington, Delaware (as of 8/1/00) DAVID A. HOECKE, Enercon Systems, Inc., Elyria, Ohio (as of 8/1/00) DAVID H. JOHNSON, EQE International, Inc., Irvine, California (as of 8/1/00) KATHRYN E. KELLY, Delta Toxicology, Crystal Bay, Nevada (until 7/31/00) CHARLES E. KOLB, Aerodyne Research, Inc., Billerica, Massachusetts (vice chair until 7/31/00) GARY L. LAGE, Toxilogics, Inc., Titusville, New Jersey (as of 8/1/00) JAMES F. MATHIS, Exxon Corporation (retired), Houston, Texas FREDERICK G. POHLAND, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (as of 8/1/00) ROBERT B. PUYEAR, consultant, Chesterfield, Missouri (as of 8/1/00) CHARLES F. REINHARDT, DuPont Company (retired), Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania KENNETH F. REINSCHMIDT, consultant, Littleton, Massachusetts (as of 8/1/00) W. LEIGH SHORT, URS Greiner Woodward-Clyde (retired), Mount Pleasant, South Carolina ARNOLD F. STANCELL, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta (until 7/31/00) JEFFREY I. STEINFELD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge (as of 8/1/00) CHADWICK A. TOLMAN, National Science Foundation, Arlington, Virginia WILLIAM TUMAS, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico Board on Army Science and Technology Liaison RICHARD A. CONWAY, Union Carbide Corporation (retired), Charleston, West Virginia Staff DONALD L. SIEBENALER, Study Director HARRISON T. PANNELLA, Program Officer DANIEL E. J. TALMAGE, JR., Senior Project Assistant

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A REVIEW OF THE ARMY'S PUBLIC AFFAIRS EFFORTS IN SUPPORT OF THE CHEMICAL STOCKPILE DISPOSAL PROGRAM BOARD ON ARMY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY WILLIAM H. FORSTER, chair, Northrop Grumman Corporation, Baltimore, Maryland THOMAS L. MCNAUGHER, vice chair, RAND Corporation, Washington, D.C. (until 12/31/99) RICHARD A. CONWAY, Union Carbide Corporation (retired), Charleston, West Virginia GILBERT F. DECKER, Walt Disney Imagineering, Glendale, California LAWRENCE J. DELANEY, Delaney Group, Potomac, Maryland (until 12/31/99) PATRICK F. FLYNN, Cummins Engine Company, Columbus, Indiana EDWARD J. HAUG, University of Iowa, Iowa City ROBERT J. HEASTON, Guidance and Control Information Analysis Center (retired), Naperville, Illinois ELVIN R. HEIBERG, III, Heiberg Associates, Inc., Mason Neck, Virginia (until 2/29/00) GERALD J. IAFRATE, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana DONALD R. KEITH, consultant, Alexandria, Virginia KATHRYN V. LOGAN, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta JOHN E. MILLER, Oracle Corporation, Reston, Virginia JOHN H. MOXLEY, III, Korn/Ferry International, Los Angeles, California STEWART D. PERSONICK, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania MILLARD F. ROSE, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama GEORGE T. SINGLEY, III, Hicks and Associates, McLean, Virginia CLARENCE G. THORNTON, Army Research Laboratories (retired), Colts Neck, New Jersey JOHN D. VENABLES, Venables and Associates, Towson, Maryland JOSEPH J. VERVIER, ENSCO, Inc., Melbourne, Florida ALLEN C. WARD, Ward Synthesis, Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan Staff BRUCE A. BRAUN, Director MICHAEL A. CLARKE, Associate Director CHRIS JONES, Financial Associate WILLIAM E. CAMPBELL, Administrative Coordinator REBECCA M. LUCCHESE, Senior Project Assistant DEANNA P. SPARGER, Senior Project Assistant

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A REVIEW OF THE ARMY'S PUBLIC AFFAIRS EFFORTS IN SUPPORT OF THE CHEMICAL STOCKPILE DISPOSALPROGRAM Acknowledgments This report has been reviewed by individuals chosen for their diverseperspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with proceduresapproved by the National Research Council's Report Review Committee.The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and criticalcomments that will assist the authors and the NRC in making the publishedreport as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutionalstandards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the studycharge. The contents of the review comments and draft manuscriptremain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberativeprocess. We wish to thank the following individuals for their participationin the review of this report: Eugene C. Ashby, Georgia Institute of Technology Jan Beyea, Consulting in the Public Interest Caron Chess, Rutgers University James L. Creighton, Creighton & Creighton, Inc. Elisabeth M. Drake, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Ann Fisher, The Pennsylvania State University Alvin H. Mushkatel, Arizona State University Douglas G. Pinkham, Public Affairs Council Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructivecomments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusionsor recommendations nor did they see the final draft of the reportbefore its release. The review of this report was overseen by NeilJ. Smelser, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences.He was appointed by the NRC's Report Review Committee, who was responsiblefor making certain that an independent examination of this reportwas carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and thatall review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility forthe final content of this report rests entirely with the authoringcommittee and the institution.