BOX 4–5 Map of Writing Achievement at the National Level
The figures below illustrate the use of progress maps to depict changes in development over time, applied in this case to writing achievement at the national level. In the right panel, one can see broad bands in the spell-
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4 Contributions of Measurement and Statistical Modeling to Assessment ."
Knowing What Students Know: The Science and Design of Educational Assessment . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.