Combinations of answers are more consistent with a knowledge-in-pieces perspective than with a theoretical perspective.

 

Problem Parts

Answer Combination

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Frequency Count (Students)

1. Newtonian

B*

B*

C*

A*

7

2.

B*

B*

A$

A*

8

3.

C

B*

C*

A*

3

4.

B*

A$

C*

A*

4

5.

A$

B*

C*

C$

1

6.

A$

A$

C*

A*

2

7.

C

A$

C*

A*

1

8.

C

B*

A$

A*

3

9.

A$

B*

A$

A*

4

10.

B*

A$

A$

A*

10

11.

0

A$

C*

A*

2

12.

C

A$

C*

C$

1

13.

C

B*

A$

B$

1

14.

C

A4

A$

A*

3

15.

A$

A$

A$

A*

8

16.

0

A$

A$

A*

1

17. Novice

A$

A$

A$

C$

1

NOTE: 0 indicates no answer, *indicates answer consistent with a Newtonian perspective, and $ indicates answer consistent with a novice perspective.

SOURCE: Adapted from Minstrell (1992). Used with permission of the author.



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