professor at George Mason University with a joint appointment in the Schools of Information Technology and Engineering and of Education. His research interests span technology forecasting and assessment, emerging technologies for learning, and leadership in educational innovation. He is currently working on developing educational environments based on virtual reality technology and innovative methods of assessing learner performance in such environments. He received an Ed.D. in science education from the University of Massachusetts.

KADRIYE ERCIKAN is an assistant professor on the Faculty of Educational and Counseling Psychology and Special Education at the University of British Columbia. She has also served as a senior research scientist at CTB/ McGraw-Hill, where she designed, scaled, scored, and equated norm-referenced and criterion-referenced tests. Her research interests are in evaluation methods, psychometrics, and linking of results from different assessments. She received a Ph.D. in research and evaluation methods from Stanford University.

LOUIS M.GOMEZ is an associate professor in the School of Education and Department of Computer Science at Northwestern University. His current research interests include the support of teaching and learning with computing and networking technology, applied cognitive science, shared computer-based workspaces, and human-computer interaction. He received a Ph.D. in psychology from the University of California, Berkeley.

EARL B.HUNT is a professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Washington. His research and teaching interests are cognition, artificial intelligence, and mathematical models and techniques in social and biological sciences. His NRC service has included serving as vice-chair of the Personnel Systems Panel of the Strategic Technologies for the Army (STAR) Project and on the Board of Army Science and Technology. He received a Ph.D. in psychology from Yale University.

DAVID KLAHR is a professor and former head of the Department of Psychology at Carnegie Mellon University. His current research focuses on cognitive development, scientific reasoning, and cognitively based instructional interventions in early science education. His earlier work addressed cognitive processes in such diverse areas as voting behavior, college admissions, consumer choice, peer review, and problem solving. He pioneered the application of information-processing analysis to questions of cognitive development and formulated the first computational models to account for children’s thinking processes. He received a Ph.D. in organizations and social behavior from Carnegie Mellon University.

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