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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This study was supported by Grant No. REC-9722707 between the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. National Science Foundation. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Knowing what students know : the science and design of educational assessment / Committee on the Foundations of Assessment, Center for Education, Division on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council; James Pellegrino, Naomi Chudowsky, and Robert Glaser, editors.

p. cm

Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN 0–309–07272–7

1. Educational tests and measurements—United States—Design and construction. 2. Cognitive learning theory. I. Pellegrino, James W. II. Chudowsky, Naomi. III. Glaser, Robert, 1921- IV. National Research Council (U.S.). Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Committee on the Foundations of Assessment.

LB3051.K59 2001

31.26'1—dc21

2001003876

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Suggested citation: National Research Council. 2001. Knowing what students know: The science and design of educational assessment. Committee on the Foundations of Assessment. Pelligrino, J., Chudowsky, N., and Glaser, R., editors. Board on Testing and Assessment, Center for Education. Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Printed in the United States of America

Copyright 2001 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.



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