Stafford, M, and M.Warr 1993 A reconceptualization of general and specific deterrence. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 30(2):123–135.

Stahl, A.L. 1999 Juvenile Court Processing of Delinquency Cases, 1987–1996. FS-99104. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.

Sullivan, C.D. 1989 User-accountability provisions in the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988: Assaulting civil liberties in the war on drugs. Hastings Law Journal 40:1223–1251.

Sunstein, C.R. 1996 On the expressive function of law. University of Pennsylvania Law Review 144:2021– 2053.

Thies, C.F., and C.A.Register 1993 Decriminalization of marijuana and the demand for alcohol, marijuana and cocaine. Social Science Journal 30:385–399.

Tonry, M. 1995 Malign Neglect: Race, Crime and Punishment in America. New York: Oxford University Press.

Tyler, T. 1990 Why People Obey the Law. New Haven: Yale University Press.

U.S. Department of Justice 1999 Bureau of Justice Statistics. Available on-line at: [Accessed April 6, 2001]

Wagner, F., and J.C.Anthony 1999 Tobacco smoking as a gateway to the world of illicit drug use. Abstracts of the 61st Annual Scientific Meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence. Philadelphia: Temple School of Medicine.

Weil, L. 1991 Drug-related evictions in public housing: Congress’ addiction to a quick fix. Yale Law and Policy Review 9:61–189.

Williams, K., and R.Hawkins 1989 Controlling male aggression in intimate relationships. Law & Society Review 23:591–612.

Yoskowitz, J. 1992 The war on the poor: Civil forfeiture of public housing. Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems 25:567–600.

Zimring, F.E., and G.Hawkins 1992 The Search for Rational Drug Control. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

1973 Deterrence: The Legal Threat in Crime Control. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement