likely to continue to fund and operate ineffective prevention programs and programs of unknown effectiveness.


Anthony, J.C., and K.R.Petronis 1991 Epidemiologic Evidence on Suspected Associations Between Cocaine Use and Psychiatric Disturbances. NIDA Research Monograph 110:71–94.

Battistich, V., E.Schaps, M.Watson, and D.Solomon 1996 Prevention effects of the child development project: Early findings from ongoing multisite demonstration trial. Journal of Adolescent Research 11(1):12–35.

Beck, J. 1998 100 years of “just say no” versus “just say know” Reevaluating drug education goals for the coming century. Evaluation Review 22:15–45.

Bell, R.M., P.L.Ellickson, and E.R.Harrison 1993 Do drug prevention effects persist into high school? How project ALERT did with ninth graders. Preventive Medicine 22:463–483.

Botvin, G.J., S.Schinke, and M.A.Orlandi 1995 School-based health promotion: Substance abuse and sexual behavior. Applied and Preventive Psychology 4:167–184.

Botvin, G.J. 1990 Substance abuse prevention: Theory, practice, and effectiveness. Pp. 461–519 in M.Tonry and J.Q.Wilson, eds., Drugs and Crime. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Botvin, G.J., E.Baker, E.M.Botvin, A.D.Filazzola, and R.B.Millman 1984a Prevention of alcohol misuse through the development of personal and social competence: A pilot study. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 45:550–552.

Botvin, G.J., E.Baker, N.L.Renick, A.D.Filazzola, and E.M.Botvin 1984b A cognitive-behavioral approach to substance abuse prevention. Addictive Behaviors 9:137–147.

Brown, J.H., and I.G.G.Kreft 1998 Zero effects of drug prevention programs: Issues and solutions. Evaluation Review 22(1):3–14.

Brunswick, A.F., and J.M.Boyle 1979 Patterns of drug involvement: Developmental and secular influences on age at initiation. Youth and Society 2:139–162.

Caulkins, J.P., C.P.Rydell, S.S.Everingham, J.Chiesa, and S.Bushway 1999 An Ounce of Prevention, A Pound of Uncertainty: The Cost Effectiveness of School-Based Drug Prevention Programs. Santa Monica, CA: RAND.

Center for Substance Abuse Prevention 1999 Here’s Proof Prevention Works. DHHS Publication No. (SMA)99–3300. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Comer, J.P. 1985 The Yale-New Haven primary prevention project: A follow-up study. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry 24(2):54–160.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement