neurological factors, 39, 41

police crackdowns, 172–173

price factors, 142

prison inmate surveys, 92, 298, 299, 300

school-based sanctions, 201

social factors, 49

supply-reduction policy, 141(n.1), 142

survey response problems, 94(n.9), 100

treatment, 91, 93, 241, 300, 304, 305, 311, 376

Uniform Facility Dataset, 93, 304

Alcohol and Crime, 301

American Hospital Association, see Drug Abuse Warning Network

American Management Association, 198

Americans with Disabilities Act, 198

Amity program, 357

Amphetamines, 39, 100, 102, 142, 242, 303, 304

Annual Survey of Jails, 298

Anti-Drug Abuse Act, 195–196

Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) program, 7–8, 24, 77, 80–81, 84–85, 101, 276, 309, 336, 338

linkage with other databases, 7, 89, 91– 92

price data, 111

sampling, 7, 88, 89, 90, 104–105, 111, 309

Arrests, 7–8, 24, 77, 80–81, 84–85, 88, 89, 141, 161, 171, 173, 174, 189, 194, 317

see also Incarceration; Probation and parole

adolescents, 84, 189–190, 317

attitude of dealers toward, 142–143, 151, 152, 155, 163–164, 165–166, 171

drug dealers, police agreements with, 169–170

historical perspectives, 3, 19

inaccurate responses to surveys, 98–99

international interdictions, 19

price data, 111–112, 165

racial/ethnic disparities, 51, 52, 162–164, 177, 179–180

replacement of arrested dealers, 145, 171, 172, 174–177

social organization of retail drug market, 165

supply-reduction policy, 139

treatment of arrestees, 261, 359

Uniform Crime Reports, 301, 341

Assessment of Two Cost-Effectiveness Studies of Cocaine Control Policy, 16

Athletes, drug testing, 202–203

Attitudes, 227, 308

see also Public opinion;

Risk perception

drug dealers, 142–143, 151, 152, 155, 163–164, 165–166, 171

sanctions, negative reactions to, 191

stigmatization, 8, 191, 197, 255, 322, 339– 346

treatment program participants, 9, 254, 255

voluntary, 242, 250, 252, 254, 256, 259, 261, 272, 302, 349, 355–362 (passim), 372, 374, 376

B

Baltimore, Maryland, 167–168

Beepers, 163–164, 173, 174

Behavioral effects of drug use, 40, 51, 55, 56, 63

see also Crime associated with drug use

Behavioral interventions, see Cognitive and behavioral interventions

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 91

Bolivia, 158, 159

Boston, Massachusetts, 285, 286, 287, 290, 291, 292

Bureau of Census, 28

Current Population Survey, 169

incarcerated persons, 297

Bureau of Economic Analysis, 129

Bureau of Justice Statistics, 6, 24, 29, 30, 31, 32, 36, 76(n.1), 92, 297–298, 299– 301, 312, 315

organization of data collection, 124, 133

Survey of Inmates in Federal Correctional Facilities, 92, 298

Survey of Inmates in Local Jails, 92, 298– 299, 316

Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 300

Survey of Inmates in State Correctional Facilities, 92, 298, 317

Bureau of Labor Statistics, 6, 30, 128, 129, 278

drug testing, 201

price of drugs, 116, 134



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