TABLE 3.1 Characteristics of Major Drug Data Collection Systems

Survey/Data Collection System


Data Collection


National Household Survey of Drug Abuse (NHSDA)

18,000 interviews per survey (calendar) year during 1994–96; 25,000 per year in 1997–98; 70,000 per year starting in 1999

Personal Interview at home using Audio-CASI

Nationally representative multistage sample of the general population

Monitoring the Future (MTF)

Approx. 50,000 8th 10th, and 12th graders surveyed each year.

In-class questionnaire and follow-up survey

Nationally representative sample of students in school

Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) Program

Adult males and females arrested and booked during the data collection period. Generally each site collects quarterly data from 200–250 adult male arrestees, 100–150 adult female arrestees, 100–150 juvenile male arrestees (at 12 sites) and a small sample of female juvenile arrestees (at 8 sites).

Personal interview and urinalysis

Sample of arrests in selected booking facilities

Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN)

National representative sample of more than 600 nonfederal, short-stay emergency department visits per year. Data are also collected from approximately 146 medical examiners and coroners in 41 metropolitan areas.

Medical record abstraction

Probability sample of emergency department presentations; census of selected medical examiner facilities

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