Penn Prevention Projecta

Age: 10–13


Location: After school

Sessions: 1.5 hrs/week for 12 wks

Content: Cognitive behavioral; taught coping strategies to counteract cognitive distortions, specific focus on explanatory style

↑ Parents reported improvements in children’s home behavior at follow-up, but not posttreatment (sleeper effects)

↓ Depressive symptoms immediately posttreatment and at a 6-month follow-up period mediated by changes in the children’s explanatory styles




Positive social norms; opportunities for skill building

Positive Youth Development Program

Age: 11–14

Location: School

Sessions: 20

Content: Social/emotional cognitive skill-building; curriculum to promote general social competence and refusal skills for alcohol and drugs

↑ Coping skills, ability to generate alternative responses to hypothetical situations, teacher reports of social adjustment including conflict resolution with peers, impulse control, and popularity

No significant effects on measures related to drugs, cigarettes or wine, and only marginal effects related to alcohol






Positive social norms; opportunities for skill building

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