vention of pregnancy, AIDS, or other sexually transmitted diseases discussed at exam; timing of last visit to dentist; use of sun screen/sun block of SPF15 or higher

Negative outcomes and behaviors

Teen birth rate (total and nonmarital); teen rate of STD; teen arrest rate, by type of arrest (violence, drugs, truancy); school suspension or expulsion; school dropout

Drug use; sexual activity; anti-social behaviors; violence; driving and alcohol; school problems; gambling; attitudes toward drug use, sexual activity

Drug use (detailed); school suspension, arrested, carried handgun, fighting; sold drugs; gang membership; perceived risk in using drugs; intention to use drugs as an adult; engaged in negative risk-taking activities

Drug use (detailed); driving and alcohol; carry weapon, gun; fighting; physical fighting with boyfriend/ girlfriend; sexual activity (detailed); drugs and intercourse; pregnancy

Social Setting


Appropriate structure


Clear rules and monitoring (family, school); neighbors monitor young people’s behavior

Clear rules and monitoring (family); youth consulted in family decisions that affect him/her; youth perceives opportunities to shape school activities and rules

Ever asked to show proof of age when buying cigarettes?

Physical and

Reports of abuse/neglect

Feels safe in home, school,

Youth feels safe at school;

School or trip to school

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