Physical and psychological safety

Perceptions of physical safety at school (Y+T)

Perceptions of physical safety; victimized; violence in home/school; presence of gun/alcohol/drugs in home (Y for all)

Perceptions of physical safety in neighborhood/school (Y)

Victimized

Support for efficacy

High parental/other-adults’/ peer expectations (Y+P); positive youth programs (Y); youth participates in rule making (Y+P)

High parental expectations; youth participates in rule making (Y for all)

Positive youth programs (Y)

High parental expectations

Opportunities for positive development/ skill building

Availability of positive extracurricular activities and sports teams (S); learning tools in the home (P)

Access to health services; availability of positive extracurricular activities (Y for all)

Learning tools in the home; availability of positive extracurricular activities (Y for all)

Availability of civic opportunities and positive extracurricular opportunities

Integration of family, school, and community

Parental involvement in community/school; parent knowledge of child’s friends and friends’ parents; English language competence (child and parent) (P+Y for all); communication between environments

Parent knowledge of child’s friends and friends’ parents (P)

Parental involvement in school/community (P); communication between environments (Y)

N/A

Note: Respondents are as follows: Y=Youth; P=Parent, T=Teacher, S=School

aYouth was respondent for all questions.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement