nizations sponsored by the Annie E.Casey Foundation. He has a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Wisconsin.

Sarah Brown is director of the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, a private and independent initiative organized in 1995 to stimulate actions nationwide to reduce adolescent pregnancy. Before this, she was a senior study director at the Institute of Medicine, where her last project before founding the Campaign was directing a major study on unintended pregnancy. She has published numerous scholarly and popular articles on a wide variety of topics in maternal and child health and in reproductive health and is also a frequent public speaker and media contact on these issues. She serves on numerous advisory committees of national organizations and on several boards as well, including that of the Alan Guttmacher Institute. She has an M.A. in public health from the University of North Carolina.

Kenyon S.Chan is dean of the Bellarmine College of Liberal Arts and professor of psychology at Loyola Marymount University. His research focuses on social science perspectives on ethnic studies, social policy, and interdisciplinary analyses of race in America. He is recognized as an expert on the effects of race on the emotional development of children and has written extensively on the sociocultural factors that influence motivation, learning, and schooling with particular attention to poor and immigrant children. He has a Ph.D. in educational psychology from the University of California, Los Angeles.

Elizabeth Colson is professor emeritus in the Department of Anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley. Her primary research interest lies in the longitudinal study of social and cultural change. She is interested in development, the role of development agencies, migration, the impact of large-scale disruptions, and the adjustment of refugees and other forced migrants. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. She has a Ph.D. from Radcliffe College.

Thomas Cook is professor of sociology, psychology, education and social policy and faculty fellow in the Institute for Policy Research at Northwestern University. His major research interest is examining routes out of poverty, especially for racial minorities in the inner city, with special emphasis on how material and social resources activate self-help behavior. He is also studying the management strategies parents use in differ-

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