the cultural adjustments, major life transitions, and other stresses that are typical and often neglected in children and adolescents. As a counseling psychologist with clinical and teaching experience in a wide variety of university and American Indian reservation settings, she is well equipped to guide new teachers in multicultural counseling and inventions. She has also developed a complete life skills development curriculum of problem-based lessons aimed at reducing the risk of suicide among American Indian adolescents, which has already been shown to be successful in high school students and is now being extended to younger students and their families. She has a Ph.D. in counseling psychology from the University of Oklahoma.

Reed Larson is professor of human development and family studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. His research focuses on adolescents’ daily emotions and experience, especially in the context of families and after-school activities. He has a Ph.D. in human development from the University of Chicago.

Milbrey McLaughlin is professor of education and public policy at the Stanford Graduate School of Education. She has been studying youth programs and neighborhood organizations since 1987. The first phase of this research focused on inner-city youth, and the second phase expands to include youth and their community resources from mid-sized cities to rural areas. She has a Ph.D. in education and social policy from Harvard University.

Elena Nightingale (Scholar-in-Residence) is a volunteer with the National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. She is an adjunct professor of pediatrics at both Georgetown University Medical Center and George Washington University Medical Center. For more than eleven years she was special advisor to the president and senior program officer at Carnegie Corporation of New York and lecturer in social medicine at Harvard University. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences, the New York Academy of Sciences, and the Royal Society of Medicine. She has also authored numerous book chapters and articles on microbial genetics; health (particularly child and adolescent health and well-being and health promotion and disease prevention); health policy; and human rights. She is a member of the Committee on Adolescent Health and

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