Ames, C. 1992 Classrooms: Goals, structures, and student motivation. Journal of Educational Psychology. 84:261–271.

Andrews, D.A., I.Zinger, R.D.Hoge, J.Bonta, P.Gendreau, and F.T.Cullen 1990 Does Correctional Treatment Work? A Clinically Relevant and Psychologically Informed Meta-Analysis. Criminology. 28(3):369–405.

Angrist, J.D., and G.W.Imbrens 1995 Two-Stage Least Squares Estimation of Average Causal Effects in Models with Variable Treatment Intensity. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 90:431–442.

Annie E.Casey Foundation 2000 Kids Count Data Book 2000: State Profiles of Child Well-Being. Baltimore, MD: The Annie E.Casey Foundation.

2001 Welcome to the Annie E.Casey Foundation: Website Overview. Accessed 2001. Available online at:

Anson, A., T.D.Cook, F.Habib, M.K.Grady, N.Haynes, and J.P.Comer 1991 The Comer School Development Program: A Theoretical Analysis. Journal of Urban Education. 26:56–82.

Aos, S., P.Phipps, R.Barnoski, and R.Lieb 2001 The Comparative Costs and Benefits of Programs to Reduce Crime. Olympia, WA: Washington State Institute for Public Policy.

Armstrong, N., and B.Simon-Morton 1994 Physical Activity and Blood Lipids in Adolescents. Pediatric Exercise Sciences. 6:381–405.

Arnett, J.J. 1998 Learning to Stand Alone: The Contemporary American Transition to Adulthood in Cultural and Historical Context. Human Development. 41:295–315.

1999 Adolescent Storm and Stress, Reconsidered. American Psychologist. 54:317– 326.

2000a High Hopes in a Grim World: Emerging Adults’ Views of Their Futures and “Generation X”. Youth & Society. 31(3):267–286.

2000b Emerging Adulthood: A Theory of Development From the Late Teens Through the Twenties . American Psychologist. 55(5):469–480.

Arthur M.W., J.D.Hawkins, R.F.Catalano, and J.A.Pollard no date Item Construct Dictionary for the Student Survey of Risk and Protective Factors and Prevalence of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Use. Seattle, Washington: Social Development Research Group, University of Washington.

Ashton, P. 1985 Motivation and the Teacher’s Sense of Efficacy. Pp. 141–171 in Research on Motivation in Education, C.Ames and R.Ames, Eds. Orlando, FL: Academic Press.

Association for the Study and Development of Community 2000 Evaluation and Capacity Building of Community Impact! Final Report. Gaithersburg, MD: Association for the Study and Development of Community.

Astone, N., C.Nathanson, R.Schoen, and Y.Kim 1999 Family Demography, Social Theory, and Investment in Social Capital. Population and Developmental Review. 21(1):1–13.

Baker, D.P., and D.L.Stevenson 1986 Mothers’ Strategies for Children’s School Achievement: Making the Transition to High School. Sociology of Education. 59:156–166.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement