scope of study at hand, 34, 38, 46

sexual activity, 48, 163

smoking, 238

social indicator data, general, 201

staffing of programs, 131

unstructured/unsupervised activity, 30

Aggressive behavior, see Violence

AIDS/HIV, 2, 27, 192

Alcohol and drug abuse, 2, 23, 35, 65, 83

belongingness, 97, 155

communication and social skills, 50, 111

historical perspectives, 25, 27

meta-analyses of prevention program evaluations, 151, 154, 155, 157, 158, 159, 160, 165, 173, 177, 193

model program evaluations, 188

norms, 112, 160

parental involvement in programs, 110–111

physical activity and, 109

survey data, 236–240, 241, 242–243, 244, 245, 249, 262

unstructured/unsupervised time and, 29, 30

American Indians, 79, 97, 105–106, 128, 144, 272, 280

America’s Promise, 279

Americorps, 273

Annie E.Casey Foundation, 289

Anthropology, see Ethnographic/ anthropological approaches

Artistic endeavors, 20, 121, 127, 135, 237, 240, 241, 283–284, 286, 303

dance, 121, 124, 133, 136, 303

music, 23, 107, 127, 133, 135, 237, 241, 303

Aspen Roundtable on Comprehensive Community Initiatives, 260

Athletics, see Sports and athletics

Attitudes, 1, 42, 318

see also Belongingness;

Mental health

and illness;

Motivation;

Public

opinion;

Self-esteem

meta-analyses of prevention programs, 150–166 (passim)

misogyny, 33

parental, 166

school transitions, 62–63, 64

staff of programs, 131

B

Belongingness, 8, 9, 32, 43, 59, 81, 90, 96–99, 117, 132–133, 191, 239, 250, 301

see also Peers and friends

alcohol and drug abuse, 97, 155

cultural factors, 97–99, 326–327

experimental studies, 99, 151, 153, 154, 155;

see also “meta-analyses…” below

gangs, 23–24, 29, 32, 33, 45, 55, 59, 82, 89, 91, 130, 239, 250, 275

gender factors, 132

meta-analyses of prevention programs, 151, 153, 154, 155, 158, 161, 162, 164, 165

religious affiliation, 98–99, 132

The Best of Intentions: Unintended Pregnancy and the Well-Being of Children and Families, 336

Bicultural Competence Skills program, 151

Big Brothers/Big Sisters, 12, 95–96, 132, 151, 170–171, 173, 187–189, 190–191, 220, 307

Biological factors, 46, 49, 51–56, 315–316, 321–322, 338

brain development, 56, 316, 338

puberty onset, 46, 51, 53, 54, 55, 316, 335–336

Black persons, 23, 143, 283

belongingness, 98

ceremonial celebrations, 124–145

educational progress, 26

homicide, 27–28

intellectual development, 76

parents, 111–112

psychological and emotional development, 80–81

puberty onset, 53, 54–55

smoking, 27



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