the curricular recommendations of the standards, and postsecondary institutions would recognize and accommodate students who successfully complete standards-based school programs.

If standards influenced the curriculum, both the intended and enacted curriculum would focus on mathematics, science, and technology learning goals specified in the standards; K-12 programs would be coordinated system-wide both within and across grades and aligned with the content as outlined in the standards documents. Schools, districts, and states would have an infrastructure supporting delivery of standards-based curricula in mathematics, science, and technology, including programs to support teachers’ instructional needs in relation to those curricula. Instructional materials and textbooks would be developed by people who understand the standards, and that understanding would be reflected both in the content they include and the nature of the tasks they use to develop student knowledge of that content. Textbook adoption processes would be carried out by selection committees knowledgeable about standards-based materials. Textbook adoption criteria would be based on features congruent with the standards, such as inquiry-based learning, an emphasis on problem-solving, and an emphasis on conceptual understanding as well as skill development. Teachers would have appropriate resources for teaching standards-based curricula, including laboratory equipment and supplies, and support for learning to use them effectively.

Enrollment patterns in schools would reveal whether the vision expressed by the standards applies to all students. If standards are permeating the system, opportunities for taking challenging mathematics, science, and technology courses would be open to every student, and resources needed to implement a robust standards-based curriculum would be allocated in equitable ways. Dual-language materials would be available, as well as other resources designed to accommodate diverse learners to support the standards’ focus on all students having access to opportunities to



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement