work is needed to represent the education system, how reform ideas (such as standards) move through the system, and possible system and learner responses to the standards. In essence, such a “framework” represents a conceptual map—a set of organizing categories and presumed relationships among them—and a set of guiding questions to prompt inquiry within the map’s territory. Schematically, this document’s Framework can be represented as in Figure 8–1.
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8 Using the Framework ."
Investigating the Influence of Standards: A Framework for Research in Mathematics, Science, and Technology Education . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.