This descriptive study can be mapped onto the Framework as shown in Figure 8–2. The shaded areas identify aspects of the Framework and related questions that are addressed in this analysis.
Studies with different purposes, designs, and evidence bases would cover different parts of the Framework. Consider this analysis:
Mathematics and Science Content Standards and Curriculum Frameworks (Council of Chief State School Officers, 1997). An expert panel reviewed state frameworks, standards documents, and related materials developed or revised during the period 1994 to
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8 Using the Framework ."
Investigating the Influence of Standards: A Framework for Research in Mathematics, Science, and Technology Education . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.