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Clearing the Smoke: Assessing the Science Base for Tobacco Harm Reduction
“…tobacco use, particularly among children and adolescents, poses perhaps the single most significant threat to health in the United States.”
Justice Sandra Day O’Connor, FDA v. Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. et al. 2000.
“…as a practical matter, it is important to appreciate that a virtually harmless cigarette smoked by only 1% of the population will have a lesser impact on the reduction of tobacco-related diseases than a somewhat more harmful cigarette smoked by 80% of the total smoking population. Research on the less harmful cigarette should therefore be directed toward developing a cigarette containing the lowest possible amount of harmful elements for all tobacco-related diseases, but one that has sufficient acceptability for the largest segment of smokers.”
Ernst Wynder, Banbury Conference of Safer Cigarettes, 1979.
“…the use of tobacco, especially cigarette smoking, has been causally linked to several diseases. Such use has been associated with increased deaths from lung cancer and other disease, notably coronary artery disease, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. These widely reported findings, which have been the cause of much public concern over the past decade have been accepted in many countries by official health agencies, medical associations, and voluntary health organizations.”
Smoking and Health, Report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General of the Public Health Service, 1964.