Page 429

Westgaard, R.H., and C.J. de Luca 1999 Motor unit substitution in long-duration contractions of the human trapezius muscle. Journal of Neurophysiology 82(1): 501-504.

Westgaard, R.H., and T. Jansen 1992a Individual and work related factors associated with symptoms of musculoskeletal complaints. I. A quantitative registration system. British Journal of Industrial Medicine 49: 147-153.

1992b Individual and work related factors associated with symptoms of musculoskeletal complaints. II. Different risk factors among sewing machine operators. British Journal of Industrial Medicine 49: 154-162.

Westgaard, R.H., and J. Winkel 1997 Ergonomic intervention research for improved musculoskeletal health: A critical review. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 20: 463-500.

Westgaard, R.H., C. Jensen, and K. Hansen 1993 Individual and work related risk factors associated with symptoms of musculoskeletal complaints. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 64: 405-413.

White, A.A., and M.M. Panjabi 1990 Clinical Biomechanics of the Spine (Second Edition). Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company.

Whitman, M. N. 1999 Global competition and the changing role of the American corporation. The Washington Quarterly 22(2): 59-82.

Wiesel, S.W., N. Tsourmas, et al. 1984 Study of computer-assisted tomography: I. The incidence of positive CAT scans in an asymptomatic group of patients. Spine 9(6): 549-556.

Wieslander, G., D. Norbäck, C.J. Göthe, and L. Juhlin 1989 Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and exposure to vibration, repetitive wrist movements, and heavy manual work: a case-referent study. British Journal of Industrial Medicine 46: 43-47.

Wigaeus H.E., M. Hagberg, and S. Hellstrom 1992 Prevention of musculoskeletal disorders in nursing aides by physical training. Pp. 364-366 in Occupational Health for Health Care Workers. Ecomed, Germany: UPP-Study Group.

Wiktorin, C., L. Karlqvist, J. Winkel, et al. 1993 Validity of self-reported exposures to work postures and manual material handling. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment, and Health 19: 208-214.

Wilkie, D.R. 1986 Muscular fatigue: Effects of hydrogen ions and inorganic phosphate. Federation Proceedings 45: 2921-2923.

Williams, D.A., M. Feuerstein, D. Durbin, and J. Pezzulo 1998 Healthcare and indemnity costs across the natural history of disability in occupational low back pain. Spine 23(21): 2329-2336.

Winkel, J., and S.E. Mathiassen 1994 Assessment of physical work load in epidemiologic studies: concepts, issues and operational considerations. Ergonomics 37: 979-988.

Womack, J., and D. Jones 1996 Lean Thinking. NY: Simon and Schuster.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement