Page 472

Anxiety, 25, 148, 149, 159, 289, 435
     see also Psychosocial factors
     back disorders, 107, 108, 109, 142, 145, 149, 150, 151, 154, 156, 157
     somatization, 26-27, 108, 149, 175, 288
     upper extremity disorders, 7, 111, 112, 161, 166, 296, 358
Arms, 111, 151, 173, 174, 180, 231, 255, 268-269, 319
     see also Elbows; Forearms; Hands; Shoulders; Upper arm; Wrists
Arthritis,
     see Osteoarthritis
ATP,
     see Adenosine triphosphate
Attitudes, 26, 30, 108, 314, 319, 326
     see also Anxiety; Depression; Job satisfaction; Psychosocial factors about pain/functional limitations, 23, 33, 59, 145
Attributable risk, 114, 118-132
     back disorders, 98-99, 108-109, 118-124, 141-147
     defined, 87-88
     psychosocial factors, 141-183 (passim)
     upper extremity disorders, 101-102, 110, 111-112, 125-132, 160-183, 314, 441-442, 443, 459
Auditory disorders,
     see Hearing disorders; Noise
Australia, 452-453
Automobile manufacturing workers, 22, 23, 56-57, 180-181, 238, 239, 275, 307

B

Back belts, 307, 309, 310, 311, 312, 313, 436
Balance theory of job design and stress, 293
Bending, 9, 55, 98, 99-100, 119-122, 124, 354, 364, 434
     attributable risk, 88, 119-122, 124
     spinal curvature, 251
     spinal discs, 190, 192, 249-250
Best practice interventions, xiii, 13, 310-313, 320, 322-323, 369, 437, 439
Biomechanics, 9, 56, 81, 91, 219-286, 353, 356-357, 361, 362, 365, 373, 432, 439
     see also Tissue mechanobiology
     back disorders, 6-7, 219, 235-253, 356-358, 363
     spinal discs, 229-230, 239, 247-250, 252, 373
     vertebra, 229-230, 250, 252
     carpal tunnel syndrome, 260, 261, 265, 266-268, 286
     collagen, 228, 229
     committee study methodology, 4, 5, 22
     connective tissue, 227-228;
     see also “tendons” infra
     elbows, 253, 269, 277, 278
     electrophysical measurements, 24, 93, 208, 225, 230, 231-232, 233, 243, 257-258, 259, 260, 263-264, 268-269, 271, 274, 275, 278, 291-292, 297, 360, 443, 440-449 (passim)
     epidemiology and, 252, 253, 459
     fatigue, tissue, 226, 232-233, 269-279
     force, general, 221-222, 224, 225, 226, 253-286
     forearms, 233, 257, 260, 267-269, 274, 277, 278, 284
     gender factors, 258, 277, 284
     grip, 231, 233, 258, 259, 268, 274, 275-276, 279-285 (passim), 360
          pinch grip, 267, 276, 279, 448
     hands, general, 231, 254-260 (passim), 265-266, 270-281 (passim)
     individual factors, 33, 35
     lifting, 225, 236, 237-239, 244, 246, 250-251
     loading, 3, 5, 6-7, 33, 34, 35, 81, 95
     neck, 253
     pain, 373
          back, 235-241, 246-248, 250-253, 287, 357-358
          upper extremities, 279-284, 286, 287, 360
     pinch force/strength, 254, 256, 260, 262, 268, 270, 276, 277, 280, 282, 284, 285-286, 317, 448
     posture, 221, 257-258, 259, 266-268, 270, 279, 280, 281, 284, 286, 359-360
     preventive interventions, 304
     prospective research, 237
     psychosocial factors, 234, 237, 275-279, 297, 373
     repetitive motion, 221, 224, 225, 253-257 (passim), 270, 275-277, 373
     shear loads, 221, 227-228, 230, 232, 239-251 (passim), 265, 268


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