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     shoulder disorders, 253, 263, 264, 269, 274, 277, 278
     skeletal muscle, 222, 225, 226, 227, 228-229, 234, 242-243
     spinal discs, 229-230, 239, 247-250, 252, 373
     stress, general, 234, 259
     stretching, 202, 206, 207-208, 216, 227, 228
     surveillance, 243, 250
     temperature factors, 219, 221-226 (passim), 248, 253, 255-256, 258, 260-264, 280-282
     tendons, 222, 227-228, 239, 247, 250-252, 265-266, 268, 373
     time factors, 224, 225, 226, 258, 280, 281-284, 286, 373
     twisting, 55, 239, 244, 270, 271, 275-276, 278
     typing, 231, 254, 256, 257, 260, 263, 264, 268-269, 278, 280, 281
     upper extremity disorders, 7, 219, 253-286, 359-360, 363, 432, 439, 458;
     see also specific disorders and extremities supra
     vertebra, 229-230, 250, 252
     vibration, 221-226 (passim), 230, 231, 233, 254, 255-256, 258, 260-264, 268, 270-273, 274, 276, 277-278, 280, 281-283, 286
     wrist, 255, 257-258, 260, 261, 262, 263, 265-267, 268, 270, 274, 275-279, 282, 284, 360, 363
Biophysical model, 293
Biostatistics, 68, 74
Blood flow/pressure, 76, 198, 205, 210, 212, 214, 233, 269, 274, 293, 297, 299, 448
Body weight,
     see Weight factors, body
Bone, 22, 101, 251-252, 372
     see also Skeletal muscle; Vertebra cellular healing processes, 193
Bracial arteriography, 135
Bradford Hill criteria,
     causality, 20, 21, 28, 66, 72-79, 87, 108, 144
     tissue mechanobiology, 184
Brain neurobiology, 186
     pain, 25-26, 185
     psychological stress, 290, 291
Breaks,
     see Rest breaks
Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), xiv, 10, 58, 64
     absenteeism, 50, 51, 52
     Annual Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, 44-45, 49-51, 60-61
     databases, 22-23, 44-45, 46-47, 48-52, 60-61, 351-352, 366, 435-436
Bursitis, 48

C

Cadaver studies, 22, 66, 184, 253, 261, 266
     spinal discs, 191, 192
     tendinosis, 197
     tissue mechanobiology, 22, 66, 184
Caffeine, 442
Canada, 30, 31, 121
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), 19, 27, 56, 79, 231, 360, 431, 434, 435-436, 440-451, 458-460
     age factors, 51, 56, 286, 360, 442, 447-448
     biomechanics, 260, 261, 265, 266-268, 286
     computer users, 45-46, 51, 340-341, 452
     cultural factors, 449
     epidemiology, 101-102, 103, 118-124, 435-436, 440-443, 451, 459-460
     incidence and prevalence, 39, 40, 41, 43, 49, 50, 51, 56, 176, 352, 435-436, 440-443, 448-449
     exercise, 267
     gender factors, 55, 56, 442, 447-448
     preventive interventions, 267, 301, 318, 439-442, 450, 459
     psychological stress, 299
     racial factors, 442, 447-448
     self-reports, 43
     service workers, 50, 435-436
Case-control studies, 22, 76-77, 79
     see also Randomized controlled trials back disorders, 97, 99-100, 238, 308, 311
     upper extremity disorders, 131, 442
Catecholamines, 290, 293, 295, 298, 299
Causality, 20, 21, 28, 66, 72-79, 87, 108, 144, 184, 352, 361-362, 446
     epidemiology, 77, 78, 79, 352, 361-362, 446


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