Click for next page ( 50


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 49
Information on Committee Members WILLIAM J. SCHOLL, Ph.D., (Chair), is Ashbel Smith Professor Emeritus. His specialty is human genetics and his primary research interest is radiation biology. In addition to a distinguished academic career, Dr. Schull previously served as the Head of the Department of Genetics with the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) in Japan and later went on to become one of the Directors of the ABCC's successor organization, the Radiation Effects Research Foundation. Dr. Schull is the recipient of numerous awards, including Japan's Order of the Sacred Treasure, Third Class. Dr. Schull is a member of several professional societies including the American Epidemiological Society, the American Society of Human Genetics, the Radiation Research Society, and the Society for the Study of Human Biology. SHARON M. FRIEDMAN, MA, is the lacocca Professor and Director of the Science and Environmental Wnting Program, at Lehigh University. She served as Chairperson of the Department of Journalism and Communication at Lehigh from 1986-1995. Her research focuses on how scientific, environmental, technological, and risk issues are communicated to the public. She served as a consultant to the President's Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). She co-authored the book Reporting on the Environment: A HandbooFfor Journalists, which has been translated into Il languages and widely distributed. She has lectured in many Asian countries sponsored by ESCAP and other organizations about risk communication and environmental journalism and served as a Fulbnght Distinguished Lecturer in Brazil. Professor Friedman is the co-editor of Communicating Uncertainty: Media Coverage of New and Controversial Science and of Scientists and Journalists: Reporting Science as News. She is an Associate Editor of the journal Risk: Health, Safety & Environment, and a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of the journal Science Communication. She is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and a member of the Committee on Council Affairs and the Council of the AAAS. PETER G. GROER, Ph.D., is Associate Professor in the Department of Nuclear Engineering at The University of Tennessee-Knoxville. Dr. Groer earned his Ph.D. in Theoretical Physics from the University of Vienna, Austria. He teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in Radiation Protection, Radiation Risk and Reliability Analysis. His research interests include Bayesian methods for radiation detection, dosimetry, and risk and reliability analysis. He has served on the editorial board of Risk Analysis. He was a member of the National Research Council's (NRC) Committee on the Health Effects of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha Emitters (BEIR {V) and served on several scientific committees of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. He was also a member of the EPA Science Advisory Board's Uncertainty in Radiogen~c Risks Subcommittee and of the NRC Committee on the Exposure of the American People to I-13 ~ from Nevada Nuclear-Bomb Tests. 49

OCR for page 49
SUSAN E. LEDERER, Ph.D., teaches in the Section of the History of Medicine at the Yale University School of Medicine and in the Department of History at Yale University. She received her doctorate in the history of science from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Before going to Yale, she taught for a number of years in the Department of Humanities at the Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine in Hershey, Pennsylvania. A historian of American medicine, she served as a member of the President's Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Expenments in 1994-1995. The author of Subjected to Science: Human Experimentation In America before the Second World War, she has written extensively on issues related to human and animal experimentation. She is currently writing a social and cultural history of blood transfusion and organ transplantation in twentieth-century America. RoY E. SHORE, Ph.D., Dr.P.H., is a Professor of Environmental Medicine and Director of the Epidemiology Program at New York University Medical School. Dr. Shore received his Ph.D. degree Tom Syracuse University in 1967 and his Doctorate in Public Health from Columbia University in ~ 982. His research interests inc]~rle environmental and occ~nationa] enidemiolo~v radiation enidemiolo~v and epidemiologic methods. -r-~--------o~7 ~ r-~--------o~7 -A ~-~--------~-- --------a He is on the standing committees on radiation biology/nsk assessment of both the International Commission on Radiological Protection and the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. He has served on several scientific advisory groups for the National Cancer Institute, Department of Energy and the Environmental Protection Agency, and on editorial advisory boards of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, and Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. O ~ 7 ~ ~ ~ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DANIEL 0. STRAM, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor in the Department of Preventive Medicine at the University of Southern California. Dr. Stram earned his Ph.D. in Statistics Tom Temple University, and engaged in postdoctoral research in Biostatistics at the Harvard School of Public Health. From 1986-89 he was a member of the Statistics Department of the Radiation Effects Research Foundation in Japan. Since 1990, Dr. Stram's research interests have focused on clinical research and epidemiology in childhood and adult cancers at the University of Southern California and the Childrents Cancer Group. His radiation-related work in Hiroshima and U.S.C. has concentrated on statistical aspects of dosimetry systems used for the A-bomb survivors and for the U.S. Uranium miner cohort study. Dr. S tram is a member of the Board on Radiation Effects Research (BRER) of the National Research Council. DUNCAN C. THOMAS, Ph.D., is Professor of Preventive Medicine, Director of the Biostatistics Division, and Verna R. Richter Chair in Cancer Research at the University of Southern California School of Medicine. His primary research interest has been in the development of statistical methods for cancer epidemiology, but he also has wide ranging interests in both environmental and genetic epidemiology. On the environmental side, he has been particularly .. . ~ . .. . . ~ . A. . . . . .. ~ . .. active In radiation carc~nogenes~s, having collaborated on studies ot cancer In residents downwind of the Nevada Test Site, uranium miners, medical irradiation, and the atomic bomb survivors. He was a member of President Clinton's Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Expenments, as well as the National Research Council's Committee on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation (BEIR V), and radiation advisory committees for numerous other 50

OCR for page 49
governmental agencies. Other environmental activities include studies of asbestos, malathion spraying in California, electromagnetic fields, and air pollution; he is Co-Director of the Southern California Environmental Research Center. On the genetic side, Dr. Thomas has numerous publications in the area of statistical genetics and is collaborating on family studies of breast, ovarian, colon, prostate and other cancers, insulin dependent diabetes, systemic lupus erethematosis, and other diseases. He chairs organizing committees for the Genetic Analysis Workshop and the Informatics Consortium for the NCT Cooperative Family Registries for Breast and Colorectal Cancer, and is currently President of the International Genetic Epidemiology Society. These three broad areas of interest make him uniquely qualified to address methodological challenges in studying gene-environment interactions. DANIEL WARTENBERG, Ph.D., is a Professor in the Department of Environmental and Community Medicine at the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey. He is also the Chair of the Doctoral Program in the New Jersey Graduate Program of Public Health. Dr. Wartenberg's main research interest is the development and application of novel statistical approaches to the study of environmental risk, pollution, and public health, with particular emphasis on geographic variation and clustering. He has conducted research on health effects of incinerators, exposure to pesticides and toxic chemicals, risk assessment methodology, and currently is conducting a study characterizing populations living near high voltage electric transmission lines. JOHN S. YOUNG, Ph.D., President of Hampshire Research, is a toxicologist and risk assessor with extensive experience in toxic chemical policy issues. He has served as the chief scientist for the research effort that designed the RISK*ASSISTANT software system, and is currently directing the LifeLine Project to develop software for aggregate and cumulative exposure and risk assessment. He directs the community technical assistance program, assisting lay audiences in the interpretation and use of scientific information. Dr. Young has also been the author of numerous studies for the U.S. EPA, other state and federal government agencies, the United Nations and other multilateral organizations. Prior to joining Hampshire, Dr. Young served on the faculty of the Department of Environmental Health Sciences at the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health. 51