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DR. COUTO (Marcelo Couto, Scripps Institute and AALAS): Will AAALAC encourage institutions to use certified behaviorists to evaluate their enrichment programs, or will they trust amateurs as well?
DR. BAYNE: Although I am not here to speak on behalf of AAALAC, I am trying to discourage institutions from relying on amateurs without giving them appropriate training. There are many behaviorists who are not laboratory animal specialists. AAALAC looks at an institution 's processes and at whether the outcomes conform with Guide recommendations and the other referenced resources that we list on our Web site. The Council does, in fact, encounter instances about which they feel compelled to comment, either as a mandatory item or as a suggestion for improvement regarding an institution's program of pain and distress management. They frequently include their observations on pain and distress management when they comment on the IACUC's operations.
DR. TAYLOR (James Taylor, NIH): I would only clarify that in looking at an institution's process, we actually look at the results of that process. If they appear to be inadequate or absent, then we are going to communicate with the institution.