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DEFINITION OF PAIN AND DISTRESS AND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS FOR LABORATORY ANIMALS: PROCEEDINGS OF THE WORKSHOP HELD JUNE 22, 2000
Carstens E., and G.P. Moberg. 2000. Recognizing pain and distress in laboratory animals. ILAR J 41: 62-71.
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Holton L., E.M. Scott, A.M. Nolan, J. Reid, E. Welsh, and D. Flaherty. 1995. Comparison of three methods used for assessment of pain in dogs. JAVMA 212: 61-66.
Keefe F.J., R.B. Fillingim, and D.A. Williams. 1991. Non-verbal measures in animals and humans. ILAR News 33: 3-12.
McMillan F.D. 2000. Quality of life in animals. JAVMA 216: 1904-1910.
NRC [National Research Council]. 1992. Recognition and Alleviation of Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals . Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.