catchall, to put the discrimination for inclusion in this catchall with the IACUC and the attending veterinarian, where it truly belongs. I do not believe that an exhaustive revision of the current reporting requirement coupled with annual USDA-Animal Care inspections and protocol reviews will improve the ability of institutions to conduct science under humane conditions. Congress stood behind the IACUC in its statutory language, which reflects their belief that institutions are competent to proceed the right way. I believe the good faith principle should be extended to IACUCs and veterinarians because evidence exists that we have performed very well and have made significant progress.


I have always believed that complicated policy matters are best informed by the simplest and clearest expression of principle. I want to leave you with a guiding principle that is taken from The Little Prince, by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (1943) during an exchange between the Little Prince and the king:

“If I order the general to fly from one flower to another like a butterfly, or to write a tragic drama, or to change himself into a seabird, and if the general did not carry out the order that he had received, which one of us would be in the wrong,” the king demanded, “the general or myself?”

“You,” said the little prince firmly.

“Exactly. One must require from each one the duty which one can perform, ” the king went on. “Accepted authority rests first of all on reason.” (p. 38)


de Saint-Exupéry A. 1943. The Little Prince. San Diego: Harcourt Brace.

NRC [National Research Council]. 1992. Recognition and Alleviation of Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals . Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Pepper C. Congressional Committee Report, September 30, 1965. Washington, D.C.: GPO.

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