National Research Council

Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems

National Materials Advisory Board

Summary Record of the Workshop on Polymer Materials Research August 30-31, 1999 Woods Hole, Massachusetts

Thomas E. Munns

Arul Mozhi

NMAB-284



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Summary Record of the Workshop on Polymer Materials Research August 30-31, 1999 Woods Hole, Massachusetts National Research Council Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems National Materials Advisory Board Summary Record of the Workshop on Polymer Materials Research August 30-31, 1999 Woods Hole, Massachusetts Thomas E. Munns Arul Mozhi NMAB-284

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Summary Record of the Workshop on Polymer Materials Research August 30-31, 1999 Woods Hole, Massachusetts NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. This workshop was conducted under a contract with the U.S. Air Force. The workshop participants did not develop consensus conclusions or recommendations. Therefore, this summary only highlights the key points made by invited speakers and the issues raised in the discussions, opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of individual workshop participants and author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project. Available in limited supply from: National Materials Advisory Board, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20418; 202-334-3505; nmab@nas.edu; http://nas.edu/nmab/ Copyright© 2000 by the National Academies. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America.

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Summary Record of the Workshop on Polymer Materials Research August 30-31, 1999 Woods Hole, Massachusetts Workshop on Polymer Materials Research Workshop Participants WADE ADAMS, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio FRED E. ARNOLD, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio JEFF BAUER, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio KEVEN D. BELFIELD, University of Central Florida, Orlando JEFFREY C. BOTTARO, SRI International, Menlo Park, California CHARLES E. BROWNING, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio TIMOTHY J. BUNNING, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio SHAW H. CHEN, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York THOMAS M. COOPER, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio ROBERT CRANE, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio DAVID CURLIS, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio LARRY R. DALTON, University of Washington, Seattle DOUGLAS S. DUDIS, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio ARTHUR J. EPSTEIN, Ohio State University, Columbus SUSAN ERMER, Lockheed Martin, Palo Alto, California ROBERT C. EVERS, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio BARRY L. FARMER, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio MARY GALVIN, University of Delaware, Newark JOHN GASSNER, Foster-Miller, Inc., Waltham, Massachusetts FRANK W. HARRIS, University of Akron, Akron, Ohio ALEX M. JAMIESON, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio SAMSON A. JENEKHE, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York FRANK E. KARASZ, University of Massachusetts, Amherst TED E. KIRCHNER, Foster-Miller, Inc., Waltham, Massachusetts CHARLES LEE, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Arlington, Virginia JOSEPH D. LICHTENHAN, Hybrid Plastics, Fountain Valley, California DAVID A. LUIPPOLD, Northrop Grumman, Pico Rivera, California WILLIAM J. MACKNIGHT, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

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Summary Record of the Workshop on Polymer Materials Research August 30-31, 1999 Woods Hole, Massachusetts JOHN F. MAGUIRE, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio TOBIN J. MARKS, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois PATRICK T. MATHER, University of Connecticut, Storrs KRIS MATYJASZEWSKI, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania JAMES MCGRATH, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg RICHARD D. MCCULLOUGH, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania MICHAEL A. MEADOR, NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio JAMES M. O'REILLY, Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, New York RUTH PACHTER, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio JOHN F. RABOLT, University of Delaware, Newark ROBERT L. RAPSON, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio SURAJ P. RAWAL, Lockheed Martin Astronautics, Denver, Colorado JOHN R. REYNOLDS, University of Florida, Gainesville JOHN D. RUSSELL, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio JOHN N. RUSSELL, JR., Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. AVADH B. SAXENA, Los Alamos National laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico ELIZABETH T. SHINN, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio LESLIE E. SMITH, National Institutes of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland JIM C. SPAIN, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Tyndall Air Force Base, Panama City, Florida RICHARD S. STEIN, University of Massachusetts, Amherst MORLEY STONE, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio MICHAEL STROPKI, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio JAMES K. SUTTER, NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio LOON-SENG TAN, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio RALPH TAYLOR-SMITH, Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, New Jersey EDWIN L. THOMAS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge RICHARD VAIA, U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio CHARLES R. WATSON, Pratt & Whitney, East Hartford, Connecticut

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Summary Record of the Workshop on Polymer Materials Research August 30-31, 1999 Woods Hole, Massachusetts National Materials Advisory Board Staff THOMAS E. MUNNS, Associate Director ARUL MOZHI, Senior Program Officer PAT WILLIAMS, Administrative Assistant National Materials Advisory Board EDGAR A. STARKE (chair) University of Virginia, Charlottesville EARL DOWELL, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina EDWARD C. DOWLING, Cleveland Cliffs, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio THOMAS EAGAR, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge HAMISH L. FRASER, Ohio State University, Columbus ALASTAIR M. GLASS, Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, New Jersey MARTIN E. GLICKSMAN, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York JOHN A.S. GREEN, The Aluminum Association, Inc., Washington, D.C. THOMAS S. HARTWICK, TRW, Redmond, Washington ALLAN J. JACOBSON, University of Houston, Houston, Texas MICHAEL JAFFE, New Jersey Institute of Technology and Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark SYLVIA M. JOHNSON, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California SHEILA F. KIA, General Motors Research and Development Center, Warren, Michigan LISA KLEIN, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway HARRY A. LIPSITT, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio ALAN G. MILLER, Boeing Commercial Airplane Group, Seattle, Washington ROBERT C. PFAHL, JR., Motorola, Schaumburg, Illinois JULIA PHILLIPS, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico HENRY J. RACK, Clemson University, South Carolina KENNETH L. REIFSNIDER, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg T.S. SUDARSHAN, Materials Modification, Inc., Fairfax, Virginia JULIA WEERTMAN, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois RICHARD CHAIT, Director

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Summary Record of the Workshop on Polymer Materials Research August 30-31, 1999 Woods Hole, Massachusetts Preface This workshop, sponsored by the National Materials Advisory Board (NMAB) of the National Research Council (NRC), was conducted under a contract with the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL). The purpose of the workshop was to identify promising long-range research and development (R&D) opportunities in polymeric materials, structural polymers, functional polymers, and coatings with potential aeronautical and space applications. The objectives of the workshop included: summarizing the state of current R&D that could lead to significant advances in polymer materials and process technology discussing research goals and possible performance limits for novel polymer systems identifying promising research topics and key issues in polymeric materials, specifically structural polymers, functional polymers, and coatings discussing potential innovations in modeling, simulation, and design that could contribute to the advancement of polymeric materials technology identifying technical issues that hinder the introduction of new materials discussing future activities that would promote the development of polymeric materials for aeronautical and space applications The NMAB staff would like to thank all of the participants in the workshop and the following individuals, who prepared presentations: Charles E. Browning, Wade Adams, Barry L. Farmer, and Douglas S. Dudis of AFRL; Arthur J. Epstein of Ohio State University; Edwin L. Thomas of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Leslie E. Smith of the National Institute of Standards and Technology; and James McGrath of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. The NMAB staff is particularly grateful to Robert L. Rapson, AFRL liaison, for his help in organizing the workshop. This summary has been reviewed by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review was to provide candid, critical comments to assist the authors and the NRC in making the published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards of objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the workshop objectives. The content of the review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their participation in the review of this summary: Arthur J. Epstein of Ohio State University; John Gassner of Foster-Miller, Inc.; Frank E. Karasz of the University of Massachusetts; and John Gillespie of the University of Delaware. While the individuals listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, responsibility for the final content of the summary rests solely with the NMAB staff authors and the NRC. Comments and suggestions can be sent via e-mail to NMAB@nas.edu or by fax to (202) 334-3718