Appendix C
Public Access Materials

  1. Bergen, B.J., Rahn, K.A., and W.G.Nelson. 1998. Remediation at a marine superfund site: Surficial sediment PCB congener concentration, composition, and redistribution. Environmental Science and Technology 32:3496–3501. (published citation)

  2. Bremle, G., and P.Larsson. 1998. PCB concentration in fish in a river system after remediation of contaminated sediment. Environmental Science and Technology 32:3491–3495. (published citation)

  3. Chen, P.Zhou, W., and Tavlarides, L.L. 1997. Remediation of polychlorinated biphenyl contaminated soils/sediments by supercritical fluid extraction. Environmental Progress 16(3):227–236. (published citation)

  4. Chiarenzelli, J., Scrudato, R., Bush, B., et al. 1998. Do large-scale remedial and dredging events have the potential to release significant amounts of semivolatile compounds to the atmosphere? Environmental Health Perspectives 106(2):47–49. (published citation)

  5. Cleland, J. 1997. Advances in dredging contaminated sediment: New technologies and experience relevant to the Hudson River PCBs site. Poughkeepsie, NY: Scenic Hudson, Inc. (available from Scenic Hudson)

  6. Cogliano, V.J. 1998. Assessing the cancer risk from environmental PCBs. Environmental Health Perspectives 106(6):317–323. (published citation)



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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments Appendix C Public Access Materials Bergen, B.J., Rahn, K.A., and W.G.Nelson. 1998. Remediation at a marine superfund site: Surficial sediment PCB congener concentration, composition, and redistribution. Environmental Science and Technology 32:3496–3501. (published citation) Bremle, G., and P.Larsson. 1998. PCB concentration in fish in a river system after remediation of contaminated sediment. Environmental Science and Technology 32:3491–3495. (published citation) Chen, P.Zhou, W., and Tavlarides, L.L. 1997. Remediation of polychlorinated biphenyl contaminated soils/sediments by supercritical fluid extraction. Environmental Progress 16(3):227–236. (published citation) Chiarenzelli, J., Scrudato, R., Bush, B., et al. 1998. Do large-scale remedial and dredging events have the potential to release significant amounts of semivolatile compounds to the atmosphere? Environmental Health Perspectives 106(2):47–49. (published citation) Cleland, J. 1997. Advances in dredging contaminated sediment: New technologies and experience relevant to the Hudson River PCBs site. Poughkeepsie, NY: Scenic Hudson, Inc. (available from Scenic Hudson) Cogliano, V.J. 1998. Assessing the cancer risk from environmental PCBs. Environmental Health Perspectives 106(6):317–323. (published citation)

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments Eco Logic. 1998. PCB-contaminated soil and sediment treatment using Eco Logic’s gas-phase chemical reduction process. Rockwood, Ontario: ELI Eco Logic International Inc. (NRC only) EPA. 1998. EPA’s Contaminated Sediment Management Strategy (foreword and executive summary). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water. EPA-823-F-98–001. April (also available at http://www.epa.gov/ost) Froese, K.L., Verbrugge, D.A., Snyder, S.A., et al. 1997. PCBs in the Detroit River water column. J. Great Lakes Research 23(4):440–449. (published citation) Froese, K.L., Verbrugge, D.A., Ankley, G.T., et al. 1998. Bioaccumulation of polychlorinated biphenyls from sediments to aquatic insects and tree swallow eggs and nestlings in Saginaw Bay, Michigan, USA. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 17(3):484–492. (published citation) General Electric. 1997. An evaluation of the feasibility of environmental dredging in the upper Hudson River: Including an evaluation and critique of Scenic Hudson’s dredging report. GE Corporate Environmental Programs. May. (NRC only) Giesy, J.P. and K.Kannan. 1998. Dioxin-like and non-dioxin-like toxic effects of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): Implications for risk assessment. Critical Reviews in Toxicology 28(6):511–569. (published citation) Giesy, J.P., Jude, D.J., Tillitt, D.E., et al. 1997. Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, biphenyls and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin equivalents in fishes from Saginaw Bay, Michigan. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 16(4):713–724. (published citation) Holton, W.C. 1998. No safe harbor. Environmental Health Perspectives 106(5):A228–A233. (published citation) Kannan, K., Nakata, H., Stafford, R., et al. 1998. Bioaccumulation and toxic potential of extremely hydrophobic polychlorinated biphenyl congeners in biota collected at a Superfund site contaminated with Aroclor 1268. Environ. Sci. Technol. 32:1214–1221. (published citation)

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments Kimbrough, R.D., Doemland, M.L., LeVois, M.E. 1999. Mortality of male and female capacitor workers exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 41(3):161–171. (published citation) Klasson-Wehler, E., Bergman, A., Athanasiasou, M., et al. 1998. Hydroxylated and methylsulfonyl polychlorinated biphenyl metabolites in albatrosses from Midway Atoll, north Pacific Ocean. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 17(8):1620–1625. (published citation) Korrick, S.A., Altshul, L. 1998. High breast milk levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) among four women living adjacent to a PCB-contaminated waste site. Environmental Health Perspectives 106(8):513–518. (published citation) Mousa, M.A., Ganey, P.E., Quensen, J.F., et al. 1998. Altered biologic activities of commercial polychlorinated biphenyl mixtures after microbial reductive dechlorination. Environmental Health Perspectives 106 (Suppl 6):1409–1417. (published citation) Murk, A.J., Legler, J., Denison, M.S., et al. 1996. Chemical-activated luciferase gene expression (CALUX): A novel in vitro bioassay for Ah receptor active compounds in sediments and pore water. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology 33:149–160. (published citation) National Research Council. 1997. Contaminated Sediments in Ports and Waterways: Cleanup Strategies and Technologies. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. (available from NAP) Quensen, J.F., Mousa, M.A., Boyd, S.A., et al. 1998. Reduction of aryl hydrocarbon receptor-mediated activity of polychlorinated biphenyl mixtures due to anaerobic microbial dechlorination. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 17(5):806–813. (published citation) Remediation Technologies Development Forum. 1999. Summary of the Remediation Technologies Development Forum Sediments Remediation Action Team Meeting. Available: http://www.rtdf.org/public/sediment/minutes/011399/Summary.htm. Renner, R. 1998. “Natural” remediation of DDT, PCBs, debated. Environmental Science & Technology 360A–363A, August 1. (published citation)

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments Sanderson, J.T., Kennedy, S.W., Giesy, J.P. 1998. In vitro induction of ethoxyresorufin-o-deethylase and porphyrins by halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons in avian primary hepatocytes. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 17(10):2006–2018. (published citation) Sanderson, J.T., Janz, D.M., Bellward, G.D., Giesy, J.P. 1997. Effects of embryonic and adult exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin on hepatic microsomal testosterone hydroxylase activities in great blue herons (Ardea herodias). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 16(6):1304–1310. (published citation) Sanderson, J.T., Aarts, J.M., Brouwer, A., et al. 1996. Comparison of Ah receptor-mediated luciferase and ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase induction in H4IIE cells: Implications for their use as bioanalytical tools for the detection of polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 137:316–325. (published citation) Sediments Remediation Action Team. 1999. Bibliography [36 records]. Available at http://www.rtfd.org:591/FMPro. Starodub, M.E., Miller, P.A., Gerguson, G.M., et al. 1996. A risk-based protocol to develop acceptable concentrations of bioaccumulative organic chemicals in sediments for the protection of piscivorus wildlife. Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry 54:243–259. (published citation) Van den Berg, M., Birnbaum, L., Bosveld, A.T.C., et al. 1998. Toxic equivalency factors (TEFs) for PCBs, PCDDs, PCDFs for humans and wildlife. Environmental Health Perspectives 106(12):775–792. (published citation) Woodyard, J.P. 1998. Navigating the 1998 PCB Disposal Amendments. Environmental Management, pp. 13–27, November, (published citation) Representative John Sweeney (R-NY, 22nd District). Remarks Before the Committee on Contaminated Sediments, National Academy of Sciences. June 7, 1999. (read by Michael Powers) (NRC only) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. U.S. EPA’s Perspectives. By Tim Oppelt, Office of Research and Development/National Risk Management Research Laboratory; Bill Farland, Office of Research and

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments Development/National Center for Environmental Assessment; Tudor Davies, Office of Water; Larry Reed, Office of Emergency Response and Remediation. Presented to the NRC Committee, June 7, 1999. (NRC only) Sediment Management Work Group. Effective Management of Contaminated Sediments: Risk-Based Approach. Presented by Dick Jensen, E.I. DuPont de Nemours to the NRC Committee, June 7, 1999. (NRC only) General Electric. Major Contaminated Sediment Site Database. Presented by John Haggard to the NRC Committee, June 7, 1999. [Database is available on the Internet at http://www.hudsonwatch.com/mcss/] Connolly, John. The Role of Models in Evaluating Contaminated Sediments. Quantitative Environmental Analysis, LLC. Presented to the NRC Committee, June 7, 1999. (NRC only) List, John E. Remediation Risks: Palos Verdes Shelf, California. Flow Science, Inc. Presented to the NRC Committee, June 7, 1999. (NRC only) Engler, Robert M. Dredging Overview. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station. Presented to NRC Committee, June 7, 1999. (NRC only) Green, Emily. Great Lakes Sediment Clean-up. Sierra Club. Presented to NRC Committee, June 7, 1999. (NRC only) Savitz, Jacqueline. Coast Alliance Concerns. Coast Alliance, Washington, DC, Presented to NRC Committee, June 7, 1999. (NRC only) Matta, Mary. NOAA’s Concerns Regarding PCB Contaminated Sediments. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Seattle, WA. Submitted to the NRC Committee, June 8, 1999. (NRC only) King, Patricia. 1995. Clean Lakes, Clean Sediments: Citizen’s Guide and Action Plan. Sierra Club Great Lakes Ecoregion Program, Madison, Wisconsin, (available from Sierra Club) Clean Water Action Council of Northeast Wisconsin, Inc. Letter to Mr.

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments James Hahnenberg, EPA Region 5 from Rebecca Katers, Executive Director, dated July 15, 1999. 6 pp. (NRC only) Natural Attenuation in the Management of Contaminated Sediments. Presented by David Ludwig of Exponent, Inc., and Mark P. Brown of Blasland, Blouck and Lee, September 27, 1999. 18 pp. (NRC only) Effectiveness of Sediment Removal: An Analysis of EPA Region V’s Claims. Presented by Paul Doody of Blasland, Blouck and Lee, September 27, 1999. 34 pp. (NRC only) Position Statement from the Science and Technical Advisory Committee of the Lower Fox River and Green Bay Remedial Action Plan Regarding Remediation of Contaminated Sediments in the Lower Fox River, September 27, 1999. 4 pp. (NRC only) Green Bay Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) Presentations. Presented by David Allen, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 1 p outline with reference to website at http://www.fws.gov/r3pao/nrda. Remediation of Contaminated Sediments: A National Perspective. Presented by Larry Reed, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, U.S. EPA, Washington, DC. September 28, 1999. 17 pp. (NRC only) A Great Lakes Perspective of Sediment Contamination. Presented by William Muno, U.S. EPA Region 5. September 28, 1999. 10 pp. (NRC only) Lower Fox River and Sediment Site Cleanups. Presented by James Hahenberg, U.S. EPA Region 5. September 28, 1999. 8 pp. (NRC only) Dredging PCB Contaminated Sediments. Presented by Donald F. Hayes, Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Utah. September 28, 1999. 39 pp. (NRC only) Statement from Hallet J.Harris, Professor Emeritus, University of Wisconsin-Green Bay. September 27, 1999. 1 p. (NRC only) Dredging of the Fox and PCBs Remediation by Thermal Oxidation. Presented by William Farin, Fox Valley Engineering, Inc. Neenah, WI. September 27, 1999. 5 pp. (NRC only)

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments Presentation from Gordon E.Doule, Imtech, WI. September 27, 1999. 3 pp. (NRC only) Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services. 1999. Human Health Impact of the Land Application of PCB-Contaminated Materials [draft]. October 5, 1999. 23 pp. (NRC only) Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services. 1999. Human Health Impact of the Land Application of PCB-Contaminated Materials: Summary of Comments. 7 pp (NRC only) Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services. 1999. Wildlife Soil Criterion for Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) [draft]. October 5, 1999. 23 pp. (NRC only) Advisory Committee. 1999. Summary of AC Comments on Draft PCB Soil Criteria for Wildlife Protection. 8 pp (NRC only) General Electric. 1999. Restoration Work Plan: Bay Road pond, Queensbury, New York. Albany, NY. August 1999; with cover letter dated August 10, 1999 from John Haggard to Mr. Michael O’Toole, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. (NRC only) EPA Region 2. Hudson River PCBs Site—Reassessment RI/FS: Schedule. June 10, 1999. 1 p. (available from EPA Region 2) EPA Region 2. The Hudson River PCBs Site: Reassessment Reports Overview. 6 pp (available from EPA Region 2) EPA Region 2.. Phase 2 Report—Review Copy. Further Site Characterization and Analysis, Database Report, Hudson River PCBs Reassessment RI/FS. Executive Summary. October 1995. 3 pp (available from EPA Region 2) EPA Region 2. Phase 2 Report—Review Copy. Further Site Characterization and Analysis. Volume 2B—Preliminary Model Calibration Report, Hudson River PCBs Reassessment RI/FS. Executive Summary. October 1996. 7 pp (available from EPA Region 2) EPA Region 2. Executive Summary: Data Evaluation and Interpretation Report. 8 pp (available from EPA Region 2)

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments EPA Region 2. Low Resolution Sediment Coring Report: Executive Summary. July 1998. 6 pp (available from EPA Region 2) EPA Region 2. Baseline Modeling Report: Executive Summary. May 1999. 7 pp (available from EPA Region 2) EPA Region 2. Ecological Risk Assessment: Executive Summary. August 1999. 9 pp (available from EPA Region 2) EPA Region 2. Human Health Risk Assessment; Upper Hudson River: Executive Summary. August 1999. 6 pp (available from EPA Region 2) EPA Region 2. Phase 1 Report—Review Copy. Interim Characterization and Evaluation: Hudson River PCB Reassessment RI/FS. Executive Summary. August 1991. 14 pp (available from EPA Region 2) EPA Region 2. Report of the Hudson River PCBs Site: Modeling Approach Peer Review—Final Report. November 10, 1998. 70 pp (available from EPA Region 2) EPA Region 2. Report on the Peer Review of the Data Evaluation and Interpretation Report and Low resolution Sediment Coring Report for the Hudson River PCB Superfund Site. Final Report. June 3, 1999. 49 pp (available from EPA Region 2) EPA Region 2. Evaluation of Removal Action Alternatives, Thompson Island Pool: Early Action Assessment. March 1999. Approx 130 pp (available from EPA Region 2) EPA Region 2.. Hudson River PCBs Reassessment RI/FS-Phase 3 Feasibility Study: Scope of Work. September 1998. 52 pp (available from EPA Region 2) EPA Region 2. Hudson River PCBs Reassessment RI/FS: Responsiveness Summary for Phase 3—Feasibility Study: Scope of Work. June 1999. 110 pp (available from EPA Region 2) Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. 1999. Model Evaluation Workgroup: Technical Memorandum 2g—Quantification of Lower Fox River Sediment Bed Elevation Dynamics through Direct Observations. July 23, 1999. 79 pp (available from EPA Region 2)

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments Velleux, Mark. 1999. Technical response to Fox River Group comments regarding Technical Memorandum 2g. Memorandum from Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources to Lower Fox River Administrative File. June 18, 1999. 10 pp (NRC only) Velleux, Mark. 1999. Response to FRG comments on Technical Memorandum 2g dated May 21, 1999. Letter from Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources to Mark Travers, de maximus, inc., dated June 18, 1999. (NRC only) Akwesasne Task Force on the Environment. 1996. Protocol for Review of Environmental and Scientific Research Proposals. Research Advisory Committee. 14 pp (NRC only) New York State Department of Health. 1999. Health Consultation: 1996 Survey of Hudson River Anglers—Hudson Falls to Tappan Zee Bridge at Tarrytown, New York. Public Review Draft, February. Cerclis No. NYD980763841. (available from NYS DOH) Abramowicz, D.A. 1999? Aerobic PCB biodegradation and anaerobic PCB dechlorination in the environment. 10th Forum in Microbiology, pp 42–46. (published article) Manchester-Neesvig, J.B., A.W.Andren, and D.N.Edgington. 1996. Patterns of mass sedimentation and of deposition of sediment contaminated by PCBs in Green Bay. J. Great Lakes Res. 22(2):444–462. (published article) Johnson, B.L., H.E.Hicks, D.E.Jones, W.Cibulas, A.Wargo, and C.T. DeRosa. 1998. Public health implications of persistent toxic substances in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Basin. J. Great Lakes Res. 24(2): 698–722. (published article) Grand River Conservation Authority. Undated. Guelph All-Weather Sequential Events Runoff Model. Cambridge, Ontario. http://www.grandriver.on.ca Boyd, D.K. and H.Schroeter. Undated. Application of GAWSER surface water model to estimate water budget. Grand River Conservation Authority. 8 pp (NRC only)

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments U.S. Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Undated. Public health implications of exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). 33 pp (NRC only) Fox, J.C., B.L.Johnson, and L.R.Goldman. 1998. Letter addressed to “Dear Health Care Professional.” Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. December. 3 pp (NRC only) Perciasepe, R., W.Schultz, and L.R.Goldman. 1996. Letter addressed to “Dear Governor.” U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. June 26, 1996. 3 pp. (NRC only) Fitzgerald, E.F., D.A.Deres, S.-A.Hwang, B.Bush, B.-Z.Yang, A.Tarbell, and A.Jacobs. 1999. Local fish consumption and serum PCB concentrations among Mohawk men at Akwesasne. Environmental Research Section A 80:S97–S103. (published article) Carpenter, D.O. 1995. Communicating with the public on issues of science and public health. Environmental Risk Perspectives 103(S6):127–130. (published article) The Akwesasne Task Force on Environment Research Advisory Committee. 1997. Superfund clean-up at Akwesasne: A case study in environmental justice. International Journal of Contemporary Sociology 34(2):267–290. (published article) Sediment Priority Action Committee, Great Lakes Water Quality Board. 1999. Sediment Management for Ecosystem Recovery. Fact sheet. 2 pp. (NRC only) Zarull, M.A., J.H.Hartig, and L.Maynard. 1999. Ecological Benefits of Contaminated Sediment Remediation in the Great Lakes Basin. Report to the International Joint Commission. Sediment Priority Action Committee, Great Lakes Water Quality Board. August. 45 pp. (available from NRC or IJC) Krantzberg, G., J.Hartig, L.Maynard, K.Burch, and C.Ancheta. 1999. Deciding When to Intervene: Data Interpretation Tools for Making Sediments Management Decisions Beyond Source Control. Based on a

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments workshop to evaluate data interpretation tools held at the Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, University of Windsor, December 1–2, 1998. Sediment Priority Action Committee, Great Lakes Water Quality Board. August. 87 pp. (available from NRC or IJC) National Research Council. 1999. National Symposium on Contaminated Sediments: Coupling Risk Reduction with Sustainable Management and Reuse. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, Transportation Research Board, (available from National Academies Press) Carpenter, D.O. 1998. Polychlorinated biphenyls and human health. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health 11(4):291–303. (published article) Headrick, M.L., K.Hollinger, R.A.Lovell and J.C.Matheson. 1999. PBBs, PCBs and dioxins in food animals, their public health implications. Veterinary Clinics of North America—Food Animal Practice 15(1):109–31. (published article) Sediment Management Work Group. 1999. Contaminated Sediment Management Technical Papers. 37 pp with 4 Appendices. Fall. (NRC only) Akwesasne Task Force on the Environment. Undated. Background Information on Environmental Contamination at Akwesasne. 90 pp. (NRC only) Negoita, S., and L.Swamp. 1997. Human Health & Disease Patterns at Akwesasne. Akwesasne Task Force on the Environment. 62 pp. (NRC only) Akwesasne Research Advisory Committee. Undated. Superfund Cleanup Akwesasne: A case study in environmental justice. Akwesasne Task Force on the Environment. 38 pp. (NRC only) The Fox River Group. 1999. Sensible Solutions for the Fox River: The Role of Nature and Technology in Restoring the Fox River While Preserving the Vitality of Our Communities—A Strategy for Restoring the River. June. 90 pp. (NRC only) Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. 1999. Baseline Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment: Lower Fox River, Wisconsin.

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments Prepared by ThermoRetec Consulting Corporation. February 24, 1999. 1017 pp. With cover letter from James Hahnenberg, U.S. EPA, Region 5, dated November 9, 1999. (available from EPA Region 5, Chicago) Clark, M., J.Hahnenberg, B.Jones, K.Klewin, and M.Sprenger. 1999. Comments on the Draft Remedial Investigation Lower Fox River Wisconsin; Baseline Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment Lower Fox River Wisconsin and Draft Feasibility Study Lower Fox River Wisconsin—Prepared by ThermoRetec, February 24, 1999. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 5. Dated April 12, 1999. 38 pp. (available from NRC) U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. 1999. Analytical Results and Quality Assurance Report; Appleton Seepage Barrier. DLZ Laboratories, Inc. Cover letter from Robert Davis, COE, to William Muno, U.S. EPA. 423 pp. (available from EPA Region 5, Chicago) Kemble, N.E., D.G.Hardesty, C.G.Ingersoll, B.T.Johnson, F.J.Dwyer, and D.MacDonald. 1999. Evaluation of the toxicity and bioaccumulation of contaminants in sediment samples from Waukegan Harbor, Illinois: U.S. Geological Survey Final Report for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office. U.S. EPA, Great Lakes National Program Office, Chicago, IL. September 22, 1999. 104 pp. (NRC only) Saratoga County Environmental Management Council. 1999. Package of 13 letters and comments to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency on the Hudson River Superfund PCB Reassessment from July 21, 1992 to October 19, 1999. Cover letter from David Adams to Robbie Wedge, NRC. 69 pp. (NRC only) Donohoe, A.M. 1999. GIS Site Evaluation of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) Contamination of Fish in Lake Hartwell, South Carolina. South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control. 4 pp. (NRC only) U.S. EPA. 1999. Housatonic River Overview. November 1, 1999. 9 pp. (NRC only) U.S. EPA. 1999. Aluminum Company of America, New York. EPA ID# NYD980506232. U.S. EPA Region 2. St. Lawrence County, Massena. November 4, 1999. 2 pp. (NRC only)

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments Tomchuk, D. 1999. Reassessment of the Hudson River PCBs Site: Presentation for the National Research Council Panel on Remediation of PCB-Contaminated Sediment. U.S. EPA, Region 2. November 8, 1999. 15 pp. (NRC only) Hess, A.A. 1999. Hudson River PCBs Reassessment: Risk Assessment and Remediation Alternatives. U.S. EPA, Region 2. November 8, 1999. 13 pp. (NRC only) Sloan, R.J. 1999. Hudson River Fish and the PCB Perspective: A Presentation to the National Research Council. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. November 8, 1999. 33 pp with two attachments—Hudson River Basin 1998 Summary Table—Hg—Spring, 16 pp; Striped Bass PCB Decline—Commercial Reopening Consideration, 31 pp. (NRC only) Sloan, R., B.Young, and K.Hattala. 1995. PCB Paradigms for striped bass in New York State. Technical Report 95–1 (BEP). New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. October. 116 pp. (NRC only) Smith, J.R. 1999. Non-time-critical removal action (NTCRA) pilot dredging in Grasse River. Pittsburgh, PA: Alcoa Inc. November 8, 1999. 13 pp. (NRC only) Pulver, M. 1999. Fort Edward Town Council woman Merrilyn Pulver: Written Comments to National Academy of Sciences. November 8, 1999. 5 pp. (NRC only) Sweeney, J.E. 1999. Remarks by Congressman John E.Sweeney (R/C-Clifton Park) presented to the National Academy of Sciences. November 8, 1999. 3 pp. (NRC only) Adams, D.D. 1999. Statement by David D.Adams, PE, member Saratoga County Environmental Management Commission (SCEMC) to the National Research Council Committee on the Remediation of PCB-Contaminated Sediments. November 8, 1999. 5 pp with attachment, Adams, D.D., Hudson River PCBs Reassessment, Presentation to Steering Committee, July 14, 1993, 2 pp. (NRC only) Haggard, J. 1999. Supplemental Technical Information in support of

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments the presentation “Hudson River Framework for Evaluation of Remedial Options” to the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Remediation of PCB-Contaminated Sediments. November 8, 1999. General Electric Company, Albany, NY. Folder contains the following documents: Copy of presentation; 1984 Record of Decision (EPA); listing of communities and groups who have passed resolutions opposing dredging and sample resolution; Hudson River Program Overview; summary charts of river data; summary of GE/EPA scientific investigations in support of remedial decision making; review of contaminated sediment sites remediated in the U.S.; dechlorination of PCBs—an overview; and mortality in male and female capacitor workers exposed to PCBs. (NRC only) Borden, T. 1999. Testimony to NRC on PCB Contaminated Sediments. Washington County Farm Bureau, NY. November 8, 1999. 4 pp with fax cover sheet. (NRC only) Lee, C. 1999. Materials presented to National Research Council, Committee on the Assessment of Risks of Remediating PCB-Contaminated Sediment. Scenic Hudson, Inc. November 8, 1999. Folder contains the following materials: 6 fact sheets; 2 sets of comments on US EPA’s Human Health Risk Assessment Reassessment RI/FS; 12 articles and reports. (NRC only) Mair, A. 1999. Two documents submitted by Aaron Mair, Arbor Hill Environmental Justice Corporation: Hudson River Fish Advisories Outreach and Education Project: The Sign Development Process (April 1999; 8 pp) and The Hudson River Chronicles: Feeder canal detour an unforseen delight by Fred LeBrun in the Albany Times Union (September 25, 1998; 2 pp). November 8, 1999. (NRC only) Hirschhorn, H.S. 1994. Technology Assessment-Treatment Technologies for PCB Contaminated Sediment: A White Paper on the Hudson River PCB Cleanup. Hudson River Sloop Clearwater, Inc. November 1994. 40 pp. (NRC only) Schmidt-Dean, J. 1999. Comments from Judy Schmidt-Dean, Chair of the Citizen’s Liaison Group of the community Interaction Program. Schuyler Yacht Basin, Schuylerville, NY. November 8, 1999. 5 pp. (NRC only)

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments Barclay, B. 1993. Hudson River Angler Survey-A report on the adherence to fish consumption health advisories among Hudson River anglers. Hudson River Sloop Clearwater. March 1993. 56 pp. (NRC only) Farrington, J.W., R.W.Tripp, A.C.Davis, and J.Sulanowski. 1985. One view of the role of scientific information in the solution of enviro-economic problems. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Utilization of Coastal Ecosystems: Planning, Pollution and Productivity, 21–27 Nov. 1982. Volume 1:73–102. (published article) Farley, K.J. and R.V.Thomann. 1998. Fate and Bioaccumulation of PCBs in Aquatic Environments. Chapter 119 in Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Third Edition, William N.Rom, editor. Philadelphia, Lippincott-Raven Publishers, pps 1581–1593. (published article) U.S. EPA. 1999. Use of Monitored Natural Attenuation at Superfund, RCRA Corrective Action, and Underground Storage Tank Sites. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response Directive No. 9200.4–17P. 40 pp. (available from EPA) U.S. EPA. 1993. Guidance on Conducting Non-Time-Critical Removal Actions Under CERCLA. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. EPA 540-R-93–057. August 1993. 57 pp. (available from EPA) Canter, D.A., M.Lorber, C.Braverman, R.O.Warwick, J.F.Walsh, and S.T.Washburn. 1998. Determining the “Margin of Incremental Exposure”: An Approach to Assessing Non-Cancer Health Effects of Dioxins. (NRC only) U.S. EPA. 1999. Volume 2F-Human Health Risk Assessment: Hudson River PCBs Reassessment RI/FS. Phase 2 Report—Review Copy, Further Site Characterization and Analysis. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 2 and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Kansas City District. August 1999. Also available at: www.epa.gov/region02/superfnd/hudson/hhra-fulltext/pdf. (available from EPA) U.S. EPA. 1999. Volume 2E—Baseline Ecological Risk Assessment: Hudson River PCBs Reassessment RI/FS. Phase 2 Report—Review Copy, Further Site Characterization and Analysis. 3 volumes. U.S.

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments Environmental Protection Agency, Region 2 and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Kansas City District. August 1999. www.epa.gov/region02/-superfnd/hudson/bera-book1-full.pdf. (available from EPA) Berg, J.A. 1999. The economic and social consequences of an upper Hudson River dredge and dump project. Adirondack Regional Chambers of Commerce. November 8, 1999. 8 pp. (NRC only) Fox J.M. 1999. Letter to Peter Balet, Saratoga County Environmental Management Council from Jeanne M.Fox, EPA Region 2 Administrator. November 8, 1999. 3 pp. (NRC only) McCabe, W. 1999. Letter to Merrilyn Pulver, Fort Edward Town Councilwoman from William McCabe, EPA Region 2, Emergency and Remedial Response Division. October 21, 1999. 2 pp. (NRC only) New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. 1999. Technical Guidance of Screening Contaminated Sediments. Division of Fish, Wildlife and Marine Resources. January 1999. 39 pp. (available from NYSDEC) Newell, A.J., D.W.Johnson, and L.K.Allen. 1987. Niagara River Biota Contamination Project Fish Flesh Criteria for Piscivorous Wildlife. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Technical Report 87–3. July 1987. 182 pp. (available from NYSDEC) Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation. 1999. Annual Fish Tissue Sampling Program Data Report of 1998 Results: Queensbury Site, Town of Queensbury, Warren County, New York. February 1999. 67 pp. (NRC only) Quensen, J. 1999. Microbial dechlorination of PCBs: Evaluation & Implications. Presentation made to Committee on Remediation of PCB Contaminated Sediments. November 8, 1999. 41 pp. (NRC only) Adams, D.D. 1999. Memorandum from David D.Adams, Saratoga County Environmental Management Council, to NRC Committee. Dated December 13, 1999. 3 pp. (NRC only) Svirsky, S. 1999. Housatonic River NAS Response. U.S. EPA Region 1. Dated December 22, 1999. 5 pp. (NRC only)

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments Skinner, L.C. 1993. Dioxins and furans in fish below Love Canal, New York: Concentration reduction following remediation. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Fish and Wildlife. August 1993. 52 pp. (available from NYSDEC) U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. 1992. Field notes: Saginaw Bay/River & Augres Harbor. July 1992. 93 pp. With attachments from Detroit COE, Saginaw Bay, Delivery Order #0027, July 12, 1989, Approach Channel Bay, 18 pp, and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Saginaw River and Saginaw Bay Channel, Sediment Sampling Methodology, undated, 87 pp. (available from COE) Skip Fox. 2000. Surface sediments of the Lower Duwamish Waterway have been sampled intensively for PCBs. Handout from Skip Fox, Boeing Corporation. Dated February 2, 2000. 6 pp. (NRC only) Houghton, Jon. 2000. Environmental Design Considerations for Waterfront Remediation Projects. Dated February 1, 2000. 5 pp. (NRC only) Verduin, John. 2000. John Verduin of Anchor Environmental submitted the following materials with cover letter: (a) PCB Cleanup Operations: Duwamish Waterway, Seattle District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 19 pp; (b) Closed bucket pilot study feasibility and evaluation for east waterway dredging, prepared by Anchor Environmental for Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers, Northwest Division, Seattle District, dated September 24, 1999, 49 pp; (c) Draft treatability dredge study for the Alcoa (Point Comfort/Lavaca Bay Superfund Site, dated January 2000, 84 pp. (NRC only) Wakeman, John. 2000. The following materials were submitted by John Wakeman, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers on February 2, 2000:9a) Old Navy Dump, Manchester, Washington, [documents available online at http://www.nws.usace.army.mil/geotech/manchest/manchest.htm] 2 pp; (b) Wyckoff/Eagle harbor, East Harbor Marine Operable Unit 1, 2 pp; (c) 1999 Environmental Monitoring Report: Wyckoff/Eagle Harbor Superfund Site, East Harbor Operable Unit, Bainbridge Island, Washington, draft dated December 3, 1999, 6 pp; (d) Operations, maintenance and monitoring plan, East Harbor Operable Unit, Wyckoff/Eagle Harbor Superfund Site, Work Plan, dated July 17, 1995, 90 pp (available from COE) Verduin, J., et al. undated. Eagle Harbor West Harbor Operable Unit

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments Case Study: The successful implementation of a contaminated sediment remedial action. Cover page from John Verduin, Anchor Environmental, dated January 17, 2000. 16 pp. (NRC only) Sumeri, Alex. 2000. Email from Alex Sumeri, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Seattle District, to Robbie Wedge, NRC with attachments. Attachments are: (1) Information Paper—East Waterway Channel Deepening, dated 10/01/99, 1 p; (2) Information Paper—Blair Waterway Channel Deepening, dated 10/01/99, 2 pp; (3) 1.5.1 Problem, undated, 3 pp; (4) Memorandum for Record: Supplemental determination on the stability of selected dredged material tested under the East Waterway Stage II project, September 7, 1999, 5 pp; (5) Memorandum for Record: Determination on the suitability of dredged material tested under the East Waterway Stage II project, November 2, 1999, 10 pp; (6) Appendix 2. East Waterway dredging project: PSDDA Evaluation Summary, undated, 8 pp; (7) Appendix 9: Proposed approach for developing an interim target tissue level for total PCBs based on risk to human health, December 21, 1999, 5 pp; (8) Table 1—Calculation of allowable bottom fish tissue concentration based on risk to tribal and Asian/Pacific Islander consumers, undated, 2 pp. (available from COE) Sumeri, Alex. 2000. Fax cover sheet from Alex Sumeri, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Seattle District, to Roberta Wedge, NRC. With attachments of: (1) Stage I Project Report: East Waterway Channel Deepening, Seattle Harbor, Washington, dated July 1998, 26 pp; and (2) JRB Associates. May 4, 1984. Removal and mitigation of sediments contaminated with hazardous substances, prepared for U.S. EPA, 11 pp. (available from COE) Sumeri, Alex. Undated. Dredged material is not spoil. Status on the use of dredged material in Puget Sound to isolate contaminated sediments. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Seattle District. 38 pp. (NRC only) Wakeman, John. 2000. Email from John Wakeman, U.S. Corps of Engineers to Alex Sumeri regarding “Advice on seismic design criteria for a confined aquatic disposal site.” January 27, 2000, 2 pp. (NRC only) Monitoring Plan for Denny Way Sediment Capping: Attachment B. Submitted by Alex Sumeri, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. February 2, 2000. 12 pp. (NRC only)

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments Monitoring Plan for Pier 53: Sediment capping site and enhanced natural recovery area. 1992. Submitted by Alex Sumeri, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Dated September 1992. 7 pp. (available from COE) Summary and Overview (St. Paul Waterway). 1992. Submitted by Alex Sumeri, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. February 1992. 12 pp. (available from COE) Truitt, Clifford. 1986. The Duwamish Waterway capping demonstration project: Engineering analysis and results of physical monitoring. Technical Report D-86–2. U.S. Army Engineering District, Seattle. March 1986. 54 pp. (available from COE) Phillips, K. and J.Malek. Undated. Dredging as a remedial method for a Superfund site. Submitted by John Malek, EPA Region 10, Seattle. February 2, 2000. 13 pp. (NRC only) Monitoring Objectives (Section 1) and Approach (Section 2). Undated. Submitted by John Malek, EPA Region 10, Seattle. February 2, 2000. 7 pp (NRC only) Havis, Robert. Undated. Sediment resuspension at the point of dredging. Submitted by John Malek, EPA Region 10, Seattle. February 2, 2000. 8 pp. (NRC only) Marcy, K., et al. Undated. Lessons learned while monitoring a sediment cap for PAH’s: Wyckoff/Eagle Harbor Superfund Site. Submitted by John Malek, EPA Region 10, Seattle. February 2, 2000. 32 pp. (NRC only) Reed, Larry. 2000. Cover letter with attachments from Larry Reed, EPA Office of Emergency and Remedial Response to Robbie Wedge, NRC, dated January 28, 2000. Attachments are A summary of information supporting the decision to dredge for Manistique Harbor. A video tape is also included. Materials include “Questions and Answers on the Manistique River/Harbor time-critical removal site,” 4 pp; Final Report of the Manistique Technical Review Team, 21 pp; Assessment of the Remediation Technologies, Manistique River and Harbor Area of Concern, Interagency Review Team, Final Report, 28 pp; Assessment of Technologies for Manistique River and Harbor Area of Concern, Report of U.S. Army

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments Corps of Engineers to the Interagency Review Team, Michael Palermo, Jan Miller. March 30, 1995, 88 pp. (NRC only) Superfund Guidance Documents for Monitoring, undated, 5 pp. (NRC only) Superfund Site Cleanups and Natural Resource Damages, undated, 3 pp. (NRC only) PCB sites recommended for evaluation, undated, 1 p. (NRC only) Sangamo Weston/Twelve Mile Creek/Lake Hartwell Site, Operable Unit 2-Pickens, SC—PCB levels, monitoring & cost information, undated, 2 pp. (available from EPA) Feasiblity study report for the Sangamo Weston, Inc./Twelve Mile Creek/Hartwell Lake Site—Pickens, Pickens County, South Carolina, prepared by Bechtel Environmental, March 1994, 258 pp. (available from EPA) Final Record of Decision for the Sangamo Weston/Twelvemile Creek/ Lake Hartwell PCB Contamination Superfund Site—Operable Unit Two, Pickens, Pickens County, South Carolina. June 1994. 123 pp. (available from EPA) Lake Hartwell 1999 Fish and Sediment Study: Operable Unit 2 ROD Monitoring Program, October 1999. Environmental Resources Management. 54 pp. (available from EPA) Final Operable Unit (OU) 13 Long-Term Monitoring Plan (LTMP), Loring Air Force Base, November 1998. 62 pp with large maps, (available from EPA) Final Remedial Action Report, Source Control Remedial Action, Re-Solve, Inc., Superfund Site, North Dartmouth, Massachusetts. February 1996. 87 pp. (available from EPA) St. Lawrence River Sediment Removal Project Environmental Monitoring Plan—General Motors Powertrain Site, Massena, New York. May 1995. 73 pp. (available from EPA) Reed, Larry. 2000. Cover letter with attachments from Larry Reed, EPA Office of Emergency and Remedial Response to Robbie Wedge, NRC, dated March 30, 2000. Attachments are Table of PCB levels and costs for four sites, with supporting summaries for each site. Additional information on Sangamo Weston, Inc., site. Remediation of Basewide Surface Water/Sediment (OU13), Final Loring Air Force Base Remedial Action Report, August 1999, Volumes 1 & 2. 1999 Wetlands Monitoring Annual Report, January 2000 draft, Wet-

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A Risk-Management Strategy for PCB-Contaminated Sediments lands Management Program, Loring Air Force Base (documents monitoring of wetlands restoration). Pre-and Post-Excavation Sampling, East Wetland Remedial Area (map with tables), Re-Solve Site, January 16, 1996. Fox River Group. 2000. Dredging-related Sampling of Manistique Harbor—1999 Field Study. Prepared by Blasland, Bouck & Lee, Inc. June. 45 pp. Fox River Group. 2000. Fox River Dredging Demonstration Projects at Sediment Deposit N and Sediment Management Unit 56/57: Environmental Monitoring Report. Prepared by Blasland, Bouck, & Lee, Inc. June. General Electric Company. 2000. Environmental Dredging: An Evaluation of its Effectiveness in Controlling Risks. Prepared with assistance from Blasland, Bouck & Lee, Inc. August. 98 pp. Scenic Hudson. 2000. Accomplishments at Contaminated Sediment Cleanup Sites Relevant to the Hudson River: An Update to Scenic Hudson’s Report Advances in Dredging Contaminated Sediment. Draft report prepared by Joshua Cleland. September 2000. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. 2000. Fox River Deposit N Report: Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Remediation Dredging, November 1998-January 1999. Prepared by the Fox River Remediation Advisory Team, Madison, WI. Available at www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/water/wm/lowerfox/sediment/frratdepositnreport.