skin test demonstration project, 19, 91–92

surveys, 86–92, 110–115

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines, 1, 2–4, 5–6, 8, 9, 11, 16, 43, 56–58, 72–74, 173, 177, 108–136, 293

administrative controls, 3, 8, 57, 63–74, 104–106, 143, 192, 230, 231, 232, 245–246, 293

ambulatory care, 58, 109, 129, 252

clinical practice, 18, 57, 59

community-level factors, 9, 64, 66, 67, 69

confidentiality, 64

contract employees, 236

correctional facilities, 2–3, 19, 57, 58

diagnosis, general, 109, 232;

see also“skin tests” infra

drug-resistant tuberculosis, 64, 66, 73

drug treatment, 35, 37, 73, 109, 234, 235, 241, 248, 302

emergency departments, 58, 73

enforcement powers lacking, 142

engineering controls, general, 3, 57, 63, 64, 65, 68, 74–76

friends of patients, 56–57

health care facilities and workers, 2–3, 4, 8, 18–21, 29, 30, 56–57, 61, 67, 69, 73, 138, 173, 190–191, 231, 232, 234;

see also specific job categories infra and supra

historical perspectives, 2–3, 4, 5–6, 8, 18–20, 43, 56, 57, 230, 231, 233–234

HIV, health care workers infected with, 28, 106

HIV patients, skin tests, 30

homeless shelters, 57, 58, 63

hospitals, 58, 73, 232

immigrants, 11, 57

isolation rooms, 73–74, 75, 76, 109, 111–112, 145, 245–246

laboratory personnel, 30, 58, 112, 118

latent tuberculosis, general, 121, 153

local governments, 66, 68, 232, 310, 312

long-term care facilities, 232, 246

masks, 76, 79, 145–146, 230;

see also “respirators” infra

nurses, 78

OSHA rule/standard compared to, 9, 43, 56–60, 62–80, 138–146 (passim), 152–155, 252, 290

outbreaks, 8, 20, 37, 141, 145

prevalence, 64, 66

public health, 56–57, 65, 71–72, 131, 133, 134, 310, 312

record keeping, 64, 65, 68, 72, 109

respirators, 3, 19, 20, 57, 63, 71, 76–80, 145–146, 230, 232, 293, 295, 300, 301;

see also “masks” supra

skin tests, 3, 29, 30, 33, 57(n.2), 58, 63, 64, 66, 67, 68, 69–70, 71, 142, 183, 232

surveillance, 64–65, 109

symptoms, 64, 246

transmission of disease, 64, 65, 244

worker job and financial protections, 70–71

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines,

implementation and effects, 108– 136, 138, 139, 141, 230–270

administrative controls, 108, 109–116, 120–124, 128, 129, 131, 133–134, 140, 234, 235, 238, 241, 246–250, 263–266, 301, 302

age factors, 128, 130

ambulatory care, 109, 129, 252

clinical practice, 247, 255, 309, 310

community-level factors, 135, 146, 232, 236

contract employees, 236

correctional facilities, 109, 113–115, 129, 130, 132, 133, 138, 246, 259

diagnosis, general, 58, 64–65, 72–74;

see also “radiographs” and “skin tests” infra

drug abusers, 244, 246, 252

drug-resistant tuberculosis, 109, 111, 112, 113, 115, 121, 126–127, 131, 234, 242, 250–251, 312

drug treatment, 109, 234, 235, 241, 248

emergency departments, 112, 129–130, 140, 231, 237, 250, 252, 256, 260, 262

engineering controls, general, 129–131, 134, 135, 136, 230, 232, 238–239, 245, 250–251, 257, 261, 293, 301, 302



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