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comprehensive management strategies and has the potential to produce unintended consequences because it does not account for the inherent complexity of interacting human and natural systems.

Therefore, it is time to get started on programs of regional and sectoral multiple-stress research and demonstration projects. Support is needed to encourage the new partnerships and integration of observing and information systems required to build decision support capability. New funding can be a critical stimulus to the new partnerships among researchers and users, federal and state agencies, universities, and industry needed to get regionally specific, multiple-stress research started. The NRC's Board on Sustainable Development has proposed regional efforts related to water, atmosphere and climate, and species and ecosystems. Several pilot projects could be started relatively soon. The successful ones would serve as hubs for further coalescence of a more comprehensive effort.

    8. Connect research, education, and outreach.

Fundamental change will be possible only if education and outreach efforts communicate the progress of understanding to all concerned. A requirement for education and outreach permeates all of the organizational levels mentioned above. We need to sustain the nation's supply of scientists, train the people who will manage our environment, alert decision makers, communicate to the public the reasons for decisions, and support a knowledgeable electorate. The quality, diversity, inclusiveness, and timeliness of education and outreach efforts are probably the most important factors determining success or failure in the long run.

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