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-; -; -; -; ~ a; a; Recent and Upcoming Reports This chapter fast lists reports released by the Institute of Medicine from 1996 through 2000 and older reports mentioned in the text, grouped by subject area, then reports expected to be released through June 2001. A "do" denotes a congressionally mandated study. RECENT REPORTS (1996-2000) Aging and the Elderly Approaching Death: Improving Care at the End of Life, Health Care Services, 1997. Health Outcomes for Older People: Questions for the Coming Decade, Health Care Seances, 1996. Pharmacokinetics and Drug Interactions in the Elderly and Special Issues in Elderly African-American Populations: Workshop Summary, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health and Health Sciences Policy, 1997. NOTE: The Board on Global Heals was previously known as the Board on In- ternational Health; the Board on Neuroscience and Behavioral Health was previously known as the Board on Biobehavioral Sciences and Mental Disorders. 99

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Informing the Future: Critical Issues in Health The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation's Elderly: Evaluating Coverage of Nutrition Services for the Medicare Population, Food and Nutrition Board, 2000 The Second Fifty Years: Promoting Health and Preventing Disability, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1992 Working Together: We Can Help People Get Good Care When They Are Dying, Health Care Services, 2000 Child/Youth Health Adolescent Decision Making: Implications for Prevention Programs. Summary of a Workshop, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, IOMINRC, 1999 Adolescent Development and the Biology of Puberty: Summary of a Workshop on New Research, Board on Children, Youth, and Families IOMiNRC, 1999 America's Children: Health Insurance and Access to Care, Health Care Services and Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, 1998 The Best Intentions: Unintended Pregnancy and the Well-Be~ng of Children and Families, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 1995 Children of Immigrants: Health, Adjustment, and Public Assistance, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, NOM/NRC, 1999 Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field. Report of a Workshop, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, IO~NRC, 2000 Educating Language-Minority Children, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, NOM/NRC, 1998 Emergency Medical Services for Children, Health Care Services, 1993 From Generation to Generation: The Health and Well-Being of Children in Immigrant Families, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, 1998 From Neurons to Neighborhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, 2000 Frontiers of Research The Development of Human Potential in the 2Ist Century: Opportunities at the Intersection of Families and Communities, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, 1998. 100

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Recent and Upcoming Reports Longitudinal Surveys of Children: Report of a Workshop, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, NOM/NRC, joint with the NRC Committee on National Statistics, 1998. New Findings on Poverty and Child Health and Nutrition: Summary of a Research Briefing, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, 1998. Paying Attention to Children in a Changing Health Care Environment: Summaries of Workshops, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, and Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1996. Protecting Youth at Work: lIealth, Safety, and Development of Working Children and Adolescents in the United States, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM~RC, 1998. Rational Therapeutics for Infants and Children: Workshop Summary, Health Sciences Policy, 2000. Reducing the Odds: Preventing Perinatal Transmission of REV in the United States, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention and Board on Chidden, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, 1998. Research to Improve Intergroup Relations Among Youth, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, ~ 999. Revisiting Home Visiting: Summary of a Workshop, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, ~ 999. Risks and Opportunities: Synthesis of Studies on Adolescence, Board on Chidden, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, 1999. Schools and Health: Our Nation's Investment, Health Sciences Policy, 1997. Sleep Needs, Patterns, and Difficulties of Adolescents: Summary of a Workshop, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, 2000. Systems of Accountability: Implementing Children's Health Insurance Programs, Health Care Sen~ces and Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, 1998. Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, 1998. Diseases and Conditions (for HIV/AIDS, see Public Health) Bridging the Gap Between Practice and Research: Forging Partnerships with Community-Based Drug and Alcohol Treatment, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, 1998. 101

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Informing the Future: Critical Issues in Health Changing Health Care Systems and Rheumatic Disease, Health Care Services, 1996. Clearing the Air: Asthma and Indoor Air Exposures, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 2000. Control of Cardiovascular Diseases in Developing Countries: Research, Development, and Institutional Strengthening, ~temational Health, 1998. Developing Technologies for Early Detection of Breast Cancer: A Public Workshop Summary, National Cancer Policy Board, TOM/ NRC, 2000. Diet and Heakh: Implications for Reducing Chronic Disease Risk, Food end Nutrition Board, 1989. Disability in America: Toward a National Agenda for Prevention, Health Sciences Policy, 1991. Dispelling the Myths About Addiction: Strategies to Increase Understanding and Strengthen Research, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, 1997. Eat for Life: The Food and Nutrition Board's Guide to Reducing Your Risk of Chronic Disease, Food and Nutrition Board, 1992. Enabling America: Assessing the Role of Rehabilitation Science and Engineering, Health Sciences Policy, ~ 997. Ending Neglect: The Elimination of Tuberculosis in the United States, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 2000. Enhancing Data Systems to Improve the Quality of Cancer Care, National Cancer Policy Board, TOM/NRC, 2000. Marijuana and Medicine: Assessing the Science Base, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, 1999. Marijuana as Medicine?: The Science Beyond the Controversy, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, 2000. New Partnerships for a Changing Environment: Why Drug and Alcohol Treatment Providers and Researchers Need to Collaborate, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, 1999. Pathways of Addiction: Opportunities in Drug Abuse Research, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, ~996. Prevention of Micronutrient Deficiencies: Tools for Policymakers and Public Health Workers, I:ntemational Health and Food and Nutrition Board, 1998. The Role of Co-Occurring Substance Abuse and Mental Illness in Violence: Workshop Summary, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, 1999. 102

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Recent and Upcoming Reports Veterans and Agent Orange: Herbicide/Diox~n Exposure and Type 2 Diabetes, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 2000. Drugs, Devices, and Biologics Assessment of Future Scientific Needs for Live Variola Virus, Global Health, 1999. An Assessment of the Safety of the Anthrax Vaccine: Letter Report, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention and Medical Follow-Up Agency, 2000. Assuring Data Quality and Validity in Clinical Trials for Regulatory Decision Making: Workshop Report, Health Sciences Policy, 1999. Blood and Blood Products: Safety and Risk, Health Sciences Policy, ~ 996. Blood Banking and Regulation: Procedures, Problems, and Alternatives, Health Sciences Policy, 1996. Calling the Shots: Immunization Finance Policies and Practices, Health Care Services, 2000. Chemical and Biological Terrorism: Research and Development to Improve Civilian Medical Response, Health Sciences Policy, 1998. Detecting and Responding to Adverse Events Following Vaccination: Workshop Summary, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, ~ 997. Improving Civilian Medical Response to Chemical or Biological Terrorist Incidents: Interim Report on Current Capabilities, Health Sciences Policy, 1998. Interactions of Drugs, Biologics, and Chemicals in U.S. Military Forces, Medical Follow-Up Agency, 1996. Marijuana and Medicine: Assessing the Science Base, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, 1999. Marijuana as Medicine?: The Science Beyond the Controversy, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, 2000. Rational Therapeutics for Infants and Children: Workshop Summary, Health Sciences Policy, 2000. Research to Identify Risks for Adverse Events Following Vaccination: Biological Mechanisms and Possible Means of Prevention. Workshop Summary, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1997. Vaccines for the 2Ist Century: A Too! for Decisionmaking, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 2000. Urgent Attention Needed to Restore Lapsed Adenovirus Vaccine Availability: A Letter Report, Medical Follow-Up Agency, 2000. 103

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Informing the Future: Critical Issues in Health Environmental and Occupational Health Clearing the Air: Asthma and Indoor Air Exposures, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 2000 Environmental Medicine: Integrating a Missing Element into Medical Education, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1995 Exposure of the American People to Todin - 131 from Nevada Atomic Bomb Tests: Review of the National Cancer Institute Report and Public Health Implications, Health Care Services, joint with the NRC Board on Radiation Effects Research, 1998 Gentler Differences in Susceptibility to Environmental Factors: A Priority Assessment, Health Sciences Policy, 1998 Nursing, Health, and the Environment, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1995 Protecting Youth at Work: Health, Safety, and Development of Working Children and Adolescents in the United States, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, 1998 Rebuilding the Unity of Health and the Environment: A New Vision of Environmental Health for the 21st Century, Health Sciences Policy, 2000 Reducing the Burden of Injury: Advancing Protection and Treatment, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1998 Reducing Stress Fracture in Physically Active Military Women, Food and Nutrition Board, 1998 Review of the Disability Evaluation Study Design: Third Interim Report, Heady Care Services, 1999 Role of the Primary Care Physician in Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1998 Safe Work in the 2Ist Century: Education and Training Needs for the Next Decade's Occupational Safety and Health Personnel, Health Sciences Policy, 2000 Toward Environmental Justice: Research, Education, and Health Policy Needs, Health Sciences Policy, 1999 Toxicology and Environmental Health Information Resources: The Role of the National Library of Medicine, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1997 104

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Recent and Upcoming Reports Food, Nutrition, and Diet Assessing Readiness in Military Women: The Relationship of Body Composition, Nutrition, and Health, Food and Nutrition Board, ~ 998. Diet and Health: Implications for Reducing Chronic Disease Risk, Food and Nutrition Board, 1989. Dietary Reference Intakes: Applications in Dietary Assessment, Food and Nutrition Board, 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride, Food and Nutrition Board, 1997. Dietary Reference Intakes: A Risk-Assessment Model for Establishing Upper Intake Levels for Nutrients, Food and Nutrition Board, 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin Bl2, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline, Food and Nutrition Board, 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids, Food and Nutrition Board, 2000. Eat for Life: The Food and Nutrition Board's Guide to Reducing Your Risk of Chronic Disease, Food and Nutrition Board, 1992. Emerging Technologies for Nutrition Research: Potential for Assessing Military Performance Capabilities, Food and Nutrition Board, 1997. Enhancing the Regulatory Decision-Making Approval Process for Direct Food Ingredient Technologies: Workshop Summary, Food and Nutrition Board, 1999. Ensuring Safe Food: From Production to Consumption, Food and Nutntion Board, joint with the NRC Board on Agriculture, 1998. Evaluating Food Assistance Programs in an Era of Welfare Reform: Summary of a Workshop, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, with the NRC Committee on National Statistics, 1999. Food Chemicals Codex, Fourth Edition, Food and Nutrition Board, 1996. Food Chemicals Codex: First Supplement to the Fourth Edition, Food and Nutrition Board, 1997. Food Chemicals Codex: Second Supplement to the Fourth Edition, Food and Nutrition Board, 2000. im Food Labeling: Toward National Uniformity, Food and Nutrition Board, 1992. Military Strategies for Sustainment of Nutrition and Immune Function in the Field, Food and Nutrition Board, 1999. New Findings on Poverty and Child Health and Nutrition: Summary of a Research Briefing, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, IOM/ NRC, 1998. 105

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Informing the Future: Critical Issues in Health Nutrition During Lactation, Food and Nutrition Board, 1991. Nutrition During Pregnancy: Part I: Weight Gain, Part 2: Nutrient Supplements, Food and Nutrition Board, 1990. Nutrition Labeling: Issues and Directions for the 1990s, Food and Nu~i- tion Board, 1990. Nutritional Needs in Cold and in High-Altitude Environments: Applica- tions for Military Personnel in Field Operations, Food and Nutntion Board, 1996. Prevention of Micronutrient Deficiencies: Tools for Policymakers and Public Health Workers, International Health and Food and Nutntion Board, 1998. Reducing Stress Fracture in Physically Active Military Women, Food and Nutrition Board, 1998. The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation's Elderly: Evaluating Coverage of Nutrition Services for the Medicare Population, Food and Nutrition Board, 2000. The Role of Protein and Amino Acids in Sustaining and Enhancing Performance, Food and Nutrition Board, 1999. 5555 Seafood Safety, Food and Nutrition Board, 1991. Weighing the Options: Criteria for Evaluating Weight-Management Programs, Food and Nutntion Board, 1995. Global and International Health America's Vital Interest in Global Health: Protecting Our People, Enhancing Our Economy, and Advancing Our International Interests, International Health, 1997. Antimicrobial Resistance: Issues and Options. Workshop Report, Health Sciences Policy, 1998. Assessment of Future Scientific Needs for Live Variola Virus, Global Health, 1999. Control of Cardiovascular Diseases in Developing Countries: Research, Development, and Institutional Strengthening, International Health, 1998. Emerging Infections: Microbial Threats to Health in the United States, International Health, 1992. Ending Neglect: The Elimination of Tuberculosis in the United States, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 2000. In Her Lifetime: Female Morbidity and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa, International Health, 1996. 106

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Recent and Upcoming Reports Pacific Partnerships for Health: Charting New Course, Health Care Services and International Health, 1998. Prevention of Micronutrient Deficiencies: Tools for Policymakers and Public Health Workers, International Health and Food and Nutrition Board, 1998. Summarizing Population Health: Directions for the Development and Application of Population Metrics, Health Care Services, 1998. Health Care Professional Training, Education, and Workforce Bridging Disciplines in the Brain, Behavioral, and Clinical Sciences, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, 2000. Environmental Medicine: Integrating a Missing Element into Medical Education, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1995. On Implementing a National Graduate Medical Education Trust Fund, Health Care Services, 1997. The Nation's Physician Workforce: Options for Balancing Supply and Requirements, Health Care Services, 1996. Nursing, Health, and the Environment, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1995. Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes: Is it Adequate? Health Care Services, 1996 The Role of Academic Health Centers in Clinical Research and Education, Health Sciences Policy, 1996. Role of the Primary Care Physician in Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1998. Safe Work in the 21st Century: Education and Training Needs for the Next Deca~le's Occupational Safety and Health Personnel, Health Sciences Policy, 2000. Health Care Services, Quality of Care America's Children: Health Insurance and Access to Care, Health Care Services and Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, 1998. America's Health Care Safety Net: Intact but Endangered, Health Policy Programs and Fellowships, 2000. America's Health in Transition: Protecting and Improving Quality, Council of the Institute of Medicine, 1994. 1 no

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Informing the Future: Critical Issues in Health Approaching Death: Improving Care at the End of Life, Health Care Services, 1997. Collaboration Among Competing Managed Care Organizations for Quality Improvement, Health Care Seances, 1999. The Computer-Based Patient Record: An Essential Technology for Health Care, Revised Edition, Health Care Services, 1997. Definition of Serious and Complex Medical Conditions, Health Care Services, 1999. Description and Analysis of the VA National Formulary, Health Care Services, 2000. Developing an Information Infrastructure for the Medicare+Choice Program: Summary of a Workshop, Health Policy Programs arid Fellowships, 1999. Emergency Medical Services for Children, Health Care Services, 1993. Enhancing Data Systems to Improve the Quality of Cancer Care, National Cancer Policy Board, TOM~RC, 2000. Ensuring Quality Cancer Care, National Cancer Policy Board, TOM/ NRC, 1999. Extending Medicare Coverage for Preventive and Other Sernces, Health Care Services, 2000. m' Extending Medicare Reimbursement in Clinical Trials, Health Care Services, 2000. Improving the Quality of Long-Term Care, Health Care Services, 2000. Institutional Review Boards and Health Services Research Data Privacy: A Workshop Summary, Health Care Services, 2000. Letter Report to the Administrator of the Health Care Financing Administration on Developing an Information Infrastructure for the Medicare+Choice Program, Health Policy Programs and Fellowships, 1998. Managing Managed Care: Quality Improvement in Behavioral Health, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, 1996. Measuring Functional Capacity and Work Requirements: Summary of a Workshop, Health Care Services, joint with the NRC Committee on National Statistics, 1999. Measuring the Quality of Health Care, Health Care Services, 1999. Measuring the Quality of Health Care: State of the Art. Summary of a Conference, Health Care Services, 1997. Medicare Laboratory Payment Policy: Now and in the Future, Health Care Services, 2000. Non-Heart-Beating Organ Transplantation: Medical and Ethical Issues in Procurement, Health Care Services, 1997. 108

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Recent and Upcoming Reports Non-Heart-Beating Organ Transplantation: Practice and Protocols, Health Care Sen~ces, 1999. Protecting Data Privacy in Health Services Research, Health Care Services, 2000. Primary Care: America's Health in a New Era, Health Care Services, 1996. A Report on the Sponsors of Cancer Treatment Clinical Trials and Their Approval and Monitoring Mechanisms, National Cancer Policy Board, TOM/NRC, 1999. Review of the Disability Evaluation Study Design: Third Interim Report, Health Care Services, 1999. The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation's Elderly: Evaluating Coverage of Nutrition Services for the Medicare Population, Food and Nutrition Board, 2000. The Second Fifty Years: Promoting Health and Preventing Disability, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, ~ 992. Statement on Quality of Care, Health Care Services, 1998. Survey Measurement of Work Disability: Summary of a Workshop, Health Care Services, 2000. Systems of Accountability: Implementing Children's Health Insurance Programs, Health Care Services and Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, 1998. To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System. Health Care Services, 2000. The Unequal Burden of Cancer: An Assessment of NTH Research and Programs for Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved, Health Sciences Policy, 1999. The Urgent Need to Improve Health Care Quality, Health Care Services, 1998. Working Together: We Can Help People Get Good Care When They Are Dying, Health Care Services, 2000. Health Sciences and Biomedical Research Bridging the Gap Between Practice and Research: Forging Partnerships with Community-Based Drug and Alcohol Treatment, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, 1998. Changing Demographics of the REV Epidemic: Implications for Clinical Research. Workshop Summary, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1995. 109

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Informing the Future: Critical Issues in Health Assessing Readiness in Military Women: The Relationship of Body Composition, Nutrition, and Health, Food and Nutntion Board, 1998. im An Assessment of the Safety of the Anthrax Vaccine: Letter Report, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention and Medical Follow-Up Agency, 2000. Characterizing Exposure of Veterans to Agent Orange and Other Herbicides Used In Vietnam: Scientific Considerations Regarding a Request for Proposals for Research, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1997. Description and Analysis of the VA National Formulary, Health Care Services, 2000. Emerging Technologies for Nutrition Research: Potential for Assessing Military Performance Capability, Food and Nutntion Board, 1997. An Evaluation of Radiation Exposure Guidance for Military Operations: Interim Report, Medical Follow-Up Agency, 1997. Exposure of the American People to lodin~131 from Nevada Atomic Bomb Tests: Review of the National Cancer Institute Report and Public Health Implications, Health Care Services, joint with the NRC Board on Radiation Effects Research, 1998. '''. The Five Series Study: Mortality of Military Participants in U.S. Nuclear Weapons Tests, Medical Follow-up Agency, ~ 999. Fluid Resuscitation: State of the Science for Treating Combat Casualties and Civilian Injuries, Health Sciences Policy, ~ 999. Gulf War and Health, Volume I: Depleted Uranium, Sarin, Pyridostigmine Bromide, Vaccines, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 2000. Gulf War Veterans: Measuring Health, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1999. Interactions of Drugs, Biologics, and Chemicals in U.S. Military Forces, Medical Follow-Up Agency, 1996. Measuring the Health of Persian Gulf Veterans: Workshop Summary, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1998. The Medical Follow-Up Agency: The First Fifty Years, 194~1996, Medical Follow-Up Agency, 1999. Military Nursing Research: Bibliographies, Food and Nutrition Board, 1996. Military Strategies for Sustainment of Nutrition and Immune Function in the Field, Food and Nutrition Board, ~ 999. Mortality of Veteran Participants of the CROSSROADS Nuclear Test, Medical Follow-Up Agency, 1996. ~2

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Recent and Upcoming Reports National Center for Military Deployment Health Research, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1999. Nutritional Needs in Cold and High-Altitude Environments: Applications for Military Personnel in Field Operations, Food and Nutrition Board, 1996. Potential Radiation Exposure in Military Operations: Protecting the Soldier Before, During, and After, Medical Follow-Up Agency, 1999. Protecting Those Who Serve: Strategies to Protect the Health of Deployed U.S. Forces, Medical Follow-Up Agency, 2000. The Program for Research in Military Nursing: Progress and Future Direction, Food and Nutrition Board, 1996. Reducing Stress Fracture in Physically Active Military Women, Food end Nutrition Board, 1998. Strategies to Protect the Health of Deployed U.S. Forces: Medical Surveillance, Record Keeping, and Risk Reaction, Medical Follow- Up Agency, 1999. Urgent Attention Needed to Restore :Lapsed Adenovirus Vaccine Availability: A Letter Report, Medical Follow-Up Agency, 2000. Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1994. Veterans and Agent Orange: Herbicide/Dionn Exposure and Type 2 Diabetes, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 2000. Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 1996, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1996. Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 199S, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1999. Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1993. Public Health and Prevention Antimicrobial Resistance: Issues and OptionsWorkshop Report, Health Sciences Policy, 1998. Assessing the Social and Behavioral Science Base for EOV/AIDS Prevention and Intervention: Background Papers, Biobehav~oral Sciences and Mental Disorders and Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1995. Assessing the Social and Behavioral Science Base for HIV/AIDS Prevention and Intervention: Workshop Summary, Biobehav~oral

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Informing the Future: Critical Issues in Health Sciences and Mental Disorders and Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1995. Assessment of Future Scientific Needs for Live Variola Virus, Global Health, 1999. The Best Intentions: Unintended Pregnancy and the Well-Be~ng of Children and Families, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 1995. Bridging the Gap Between Practice and Research: Forging Partnerships with Community-Based Drug and Alcohol Treatment, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, 1998. Calling the Shots: Immunization Finance Policies and Practices, Health Care Services, 2000. Changing Demographics of the REV Epidemic: Implications for Clinical Research. Workshop Summary, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1995. Clearing the Air: Asthma and Indoor Air Exposures, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 2000. Confronting AIDS: Directions for Public Health, Health Care, and Research, ~temational Health, 1986. Detecting and Responding to Adverse Events Following Vaccination: Workshop Summary, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1997. Emerging Infections: Microbial Threats to Health in the United States, International Health, 1992. Ending Neglect: The Elimination of Tuberculosis in the United States, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 2000. Exposure of the American People to Todine-131 from Nevada Atomic Bomb Tests: Review of the National Cancer Institute Report and Public Health Implications, Health Care Services, joint with the NRC Board on Radiation Effects Research, 1998. The Future of Public Health, Health Care Services, 1988. Growing Up Tobacco-Free: Preventing Nicotine Addiction in Children and Youths, Biobehavioral Sciences and Mental Disorders, 1994. Healthy Communities: New Partnerships for the Future of Public Health, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, ~ 996. The Hidden Epidemic: Confronting Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, ~ 997. HIV and the Blood Supply: An Analysis of Crisis Decisionmaking, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1995. REV Screening of Pregnant Women and Newborns, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1991. ~4

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Recent and Upcoming Reports Improving Civilian Medical Response to Chemical or Biological Terrorist Incidents: Interim Report on Current Capabilities, Health Sciences Policy, 1998. Improving Health in the Community: A Role for Performance Monitoring, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1997. Improving the Quality of Long-Term Care, Health Care Services, 2000. Leading Health Replicators for Healthy People 2010, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1999. Linking Research and Public Health Practice: A Review of CDC's Program for Centers for Research and Demonstration of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1997. Managed Care Systems and Emerging infections: Opportunities for Strengthening Surveillance, Research, and Prevention, Health Sciences Policy, 2000. New Partnerships for a Changing Environment: Why Drug and Alcohol Treatment Providers and Researchers Need to Collaborate, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, 1999. No Time to Lose: Getting More from HIV Prevention, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 2000. ee'' Preventing lIIV Transmission: The Role of Sterile Needles and Bleach, Commission on Behavioral and Social Science and Education, TOM/ ARC, 1995. Prevention of Micronutrient Deficiencies: Tools for Policymakers and Public Health Workers, International Health and Food and NutTition Board, 1998. Public Health Systems and Emerging Infections: Assessing Capabilities of the Public and Private Sectors. Workshop Summary, Health Sciences Policy, 2000. Rebuilding the Unity of Health and the Environment: A New Vision of Environmental Health for the 2Ist Century, Health Sciences Policy, 2000. Reducing the Burden of Injury: Advancing Protection and Treatment, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1998. Reducing the Odds: Preventing Perinatal Transmission of REV in the United States, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention and Board on Children, Youth, and Families, NOM/NRC, 1998. Research to Identify Risks for Adverse Events Following Vaccination: Biological Mechanisms and Possible Means of Prevention. Workshop Summary, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1997. ~5

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Informing the Future: Critical Issues in Health Risk Communication and Vaccination: Workshop Summary, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1997. State Programs Can Reduce Tobacco Use, National Cancer Policy Board, IO~NRC, 2000. Taking Action to Reduce Tobacco Use, National Cancer Policy Board, TOM/NRC, 1998. Using Performance Monitoring to Improve Community Health: Conceptual Framework and Community Experience. Workshop Summary, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1996. Vaccines for the 2Ist Century: A Too] for Decisionmaking, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 2000. Public Policy 2020 Vision: Health in the 2Ist Century. Institute of Medicine 25th Anniversary Symposium, 1996. America's Health Care Safety Net: Intact but Endangered, Health Policy Programs and Fellowships, 2000. Approaching Death: Improving Care at the End of I,ife, Health Care Services, 1997. The Best Intentions: Unintended Pregnancy and the Well-Being of Children and Families, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1995. Blood and Blood Products: Safety and Risk, Health Sciences Policy, 1996. Blood Banking and Regulation: Procedures, Problems, and Alternatives, Health Sciences Policy, 1996. Bridging the Gap Between Practice and Research: Forging Partnerships with Community-Based Drug and Alcohol Treatment, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, 1998. CaBing the Shots: Immunization Finance Policies and Practices, Health Care Services, 2000. Chemical and Biological Terrorism: Research and Development to Improve Civilian Medical Response, Health Sciences Policy, 1998. Children of Immigrants: Health, Adjustment, and Public Assistance, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, 1999. Clinical Research in the Public Interest: Town Meeting, Health Sciences Policy, 1997. Emerging Infections: Microbial Threats to Health in the United States, International Health, 1992. ~6

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Recent and Upcoming Reports Ending Neglect: The Elimination of Tuberculosis in the United States, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 2000. Enhancing the Regulatory Decision-Making Approval Process for Direct Food Ingredient Technologies: Workshop Summary, Food and Nutntion Board, 1999. Evaluating Food Assistance Programs in an Era of Welfare Reform: Summary of a Workshop, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC, joint with the NRC Committee on National Statistics, 1999. Healthy Communities: New Partnerships for the Future of Public Health, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, ~ 996. The Hidden Epidemic: Confronting Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, ~ 997. Information Trading: How Information Influences the Health Policy Process, a project of the Robert Wood Johnson Health Policy Fellowships Program at the Institute of Medicine, 1997. The Lessons and the Legacy of the Pew Health Policy Program (sponsored by the Pew Chantable Trusts), Health Policy Programs and Fellowships, 1997. Letter Report to the Administrator of the Health Care Financing Administration on Developing an Information Infrastructure for the Medicare+Choice Program, Health Policy Programs and Fellowships, 1998. Managed Care Systems and Emerging Infections: Opportunities for Strengthening Surveillance, Research, and Prevention, Health Sciences Policy, 2000. Medicare Laboratory Payment Policy: Now and in the Future, Health Care Services, 2000. New Partnerships for a Changing Environment: Why Drug and Alcohol Treatment Providers and Researchers Need to ColRaborate, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, ~ 999. No Time to Lose: Getting More from HIV Prevention, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 2000. Organ Procurement and Transplantation: Assessing Current Policies and the Potential Impact of the DHHS Final Rule, Health Sciences Policy, 1999. Preventing HIV Transmission: The Role of Sterile Needles and Bleach, Commission on Social and Behavioral Science and Education, ro NRC, 1995. 7~ Scientific Opportunities and Public Needs: Improving Priority Setting and Public Input at the National Institutes of Health, Health Sciences Policy, 1998. ~7

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Informing the Future: Critical Issues in Health The Social Security Administration's Disability Decision Process: A Framework for Research. Second Interim Report, Health Care Services, joint with the NRC Committee on National Statistics, 1998. State Programs Can Reduce Tobacco Use, National Cancer Policy Board, TOM/NRC, 2000. Taking Action to Reduce Tobacco Use, National Cancer Policy Board, IOM~RC, 1998. To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System, Health Care Services, 2000. To Improve Human Health: A History of the Institute of Medicine, by Edward Berkowitz for the Institute of Medicine, 1998. The Unequal Burden of Cancer: An Assessment of NTH Research and Programs for Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved, Health Sciences Policy, 1999. Women's Health The Best Intentions: Unintended Pregnancy and the Well-Being of Children and Families, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1995. Clinical Applications of Mifepristone (RU486) and Other Antiprogestins: Assessing the Science and Recommending a Research Agenda, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1993. Contraceptive Research, Introduction, and Use: Lessons from Norplant Health Sciences Policy, 1998. Developing Technologies for Early Detection of Breast Cancer: A Public Summary Workshop, National Cancer Policy Board, IO~NRC, 2000. Information for Women about the Safety of Silicone Breast Implants, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 1999. In Eler Lifetime: Female Morbidity and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa, International Health, 1996. In Her Own Right: The Institute of Medicine's Guide to Women's Health Issues, by Bery! Lieff Benderly for the Institute of Medicine, 1997. Lesbian Health: Current Assessment and Directions for the Future, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health and Health Sciences Policy, ~ 999. Nutrition During Lactation, Food and Nutrition Board, 1991. Nutrition During Pregnancy: Part I: Weight Gain, Part 2: Nutrient Supplements, Food and Nutrition Board, 1990.

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Recent and Upcoming Reports Reducing the Odds: Preventing Perinatal Transmission of REV in the United States, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention and Board on Children, Youth, and Families, ARC, 1998. Reducing Stress Fracture in Physically Active Military Women, Food end Nutrition Board, 1998. A Review of the Department of Defense's Program for Breast Cancer Research, Food and Nutrition Board, 1997. Safety of Silicone Breast Implants, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 2000. UPCOMING REPORTS (through June 2001 Child/Youth Health Beyond the Stoop: Community Programs to Promote Youth Development, Board and Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC. Immunization Safety Review, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice, Board on Children, Youth, arid Families and the Committee on Law and Justice, TOM/NRC. Non-Technical Strategies for Protecting Youth from Inappropriate Ma- terial on the Internet, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC. Performance Measures for Child Care: Summary of Two Workshops, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/~RC. The Training Needs of Health Professionals to Respond to Domestic Violence, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TOM/NRC. Diseases and Conditions Multiple Sclerosis: Current Status and Strategies for the Future, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health. Tuberculosis in the Workplace, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. Drugs, Devices, and Biologics Immunization Safety Review, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. 119

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Informing the Future: Critical Issues in Health Environmental and Occupational Health Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, NRC, and Institute of Medicine. Food, Nutrition, and Diet Dietary Reference Intakes for Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium Vitamin A, Vitamin K, and Zinc, Food and Nutrition Board. Farm to Table Risk Assessment for E. Cold Food and Nutntion Board and Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. Military Weight Management, Food and Nutrition Board. Global and international Health Neurological, Psychiatric, and Developmental Disorders: Meeting the Challenge in the Developing World, Global Health. Review of the Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System (DoD-GElS) Strategic Plan, Medical Follow-Up Agency. Health Care Professional Training, Education, and Workforce The Training Needs of Health Professionals to Respond to Domestic Violence, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, IO~C. Tuberculosis in the Workplace, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. Health Care Services, Quality of Care Consequences of Uninsurance, Health Care Services. Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century, Health Care Services. ecu

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Recent and Upcoming Reports Mammography and Beyond: Developing Technologies for the Early Detection of Breast Cancer, National Cancer Policy Board, TOM/ NRC. Envisioning a National Quality Report, Health Care Services. Understanding and Eliminating Ethnic Disparities in Health Care, Health Sciences Policy. Health Sciences and Biomedical Research Accreditation Standards for Institutional Renew Boards, Health Sciences Policy. Clearing the Smoke: The Science Base for Tobacco Harm Reduction, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention and Neuroscience and Behavioral Health. Does Sex Matter?: Understanding the Contribution of Sex and Gender Variations to Human Health, Health Sciences Policy. Evolving Science for Dietary Supplements, Food and Nutrition Board. Small Clinical Trials: Issues and Challenges, Health Sciences Policy. Mental and Behavioral Health, Neuroscience Health and Behavior: The Interplay of Cells, Self, and Society, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health. Neurological, Psychiatric, and Developmental Disorders: Meeting the Challenge in the Developing World, Global Health. Military and Veterans Effective Treatments for Gulf War Veterans, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. Long-Term Follow-Up of Army Personnel Potentially Exposed to Chemical Warfare Agents, Medical Follow-Up Agency. Military Weight Management, Food and Nutrition Board. Review of the Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System (DoD-GElS) Strategic Plan, Medical Follow-Up Agency. Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2000, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. 121

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Informing the Future: Critical Issues in Health Public Health and Prevention Clearing the Smoke: The Science Base for Tobacco Harm Reduction, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention and Neuroscience and Behavioral Health. Farm to Table Risk Assessment for E. Cold Food and Nutntion Board and Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. Immunization Safety Review, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. Multiple Sclerosis: Current Status and Strategies for the Future, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health. Speaking of Health: Assessing Health Communication Strategies for Diverse Populations, Neuroscience and Behavioral Health. The Training Needs of Health Professionals to Respond to Family Violence, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, TO~NRC. '''s Tuberculosis in the Workplace, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. Public Policy Beyond the Stoop: Community Programs to Promote Youth Development, Board and Children, Youth, and Families, TO~NRC. Consequences of Uninsurance, Health Care Services. Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 2Ist Century, Health Care Services. Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice, Board on Children, Youth, and Families and the Committee on Law and Justice, TOM/NRC. Tuberculosis in the Workplace, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. Understanding and Eliminating Ethnic Disparities in Health Care, Health Sciences Policy. Women's Health Mammography and Beyond: Developing Technologies for the Early Detection of Breast Cancer, National Cancer Policy Board, IOM/ NRC.