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REFERENCES

Bohner, K., Miller, K., Finnegan, J., Erdman, M., Radioiodine in Liquid Waste – Volume Reduction Techniques. Proceedings of the Ninth Biennial Conference of Campus Radiation Safety Officers. Columbus, MO. 23-25; 1983.

Castronovo, F.“Impact of Limited Waste-Disposal Facilities on Medical and Biological Research.” Report to the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council Committee on the Impact of Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Policy on Biomedical Research in the United States. March 29, 2000.

CORAR, Council on Radionuclides and Radiopharmaceuticals. Position Paper on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal. 1993.

Crase, A. Personal communication. 2000.

Cullen, T. Personal communication. 1998.

Edwards, B., Couch, N., Myers, K., Blanchard, S., Chandra, G., Parr, A.125I Aqueous Waste Volume Reduction at a Pharmaceutical Research Laboratory . Health Phys. 71(3): 379-383; 1996.

Emery, R., Jeannette, M., Sprau, D. Characterization of Low-Level Radioactive Waste Generated by a Large University/Hospital Complex . Health Phys. 62(2): 182-185; 1992.

Fry, R.M. Plan for Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management in North Carolina. Report to the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council Committee on the Impact of. Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Policy on Biomedical Research in the United States. August 2, 2000.

Fuchs, R. L. 1998 State-by-Sate Assessment of Low-Level Radioactive Wastes Received at Commercial Disposal Sites. DOE/LLW-252. Idaho Falls; Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy. May 1999.

Griffin, H.G. , Griffin, A.M. DNA Sequencing. Recent Innovations and Future Trends. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 38: 147-159; 1993.

Glazer, A.N. , Mathies, R.A. Energy-Transfer Fluorescent Agents for DNA Analyses. Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 8: 94-102; 1997.

Hamawy, G. Freeze-Drying as a Potential Mean for Waste Handling of Animal Carcasses Containing Radioactive Material . Health Phys. 6991): 115-116; 1995.

Hunt, N. Personal communication. 2000.



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Page 44 REFERENCES Bohner, K., Miller, K., Finnegan, J., Erdman, M., Radioiodine in Liquid Waste – Volume Reduction Techniques. Proceedings of the Ninth Biennial Conference of Campus Radiation Safety Officers. Columbus, MO. 23-25; 1983. Castronovo, F.“Impact of Limited Waste-Disposal Facilities on Medical and Biological Research.” Report to the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council Committee on the Impact of Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Policy on Biomedical Research in the United States. March 29, 2000. CORAR, Council on Radionuclides and Radiopharmaceuticals. Position Paper on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal. 1993. Crase, A. Personal communication. 2000. Cullen, T. Personal communication. 1998. Edwards, B., Couch, N., Myers, K., Blanchard, S., Chandra, G., Parr, A.125I Aqueous Waste Volume Reduction at a Pharmaceutical Research Laboratory . Health Phys. 71(3): 379-383; 1996. Emery, R., Jeannette, M., Sprau, D. Characterization of Low-Level Radioactive Waste Generated by a Large University/Hospital Complex . Health Phys. 62(2): 182-185; 1992. Fry, R.M. Plan for Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management in North Carolina. Report to the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council Committee on the Impact of. Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Policy on Biomedical Research in the United States. August 2, 2000. Fuchs, R. L. 1998 State-by-Sate Assessment of Low-Level Radioactive Wastes Received at Commercial Disposal Sites. DOE/LLW-252. Idaho Falls; Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy. May 1999. Griffin, H.G. , Griffin, A.M. DNA Sequencing. Recent Innovations and Future Trends. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 38: 147-159; 1993. Glazer, A.N. , Mathies, R.A. Energy-Transfer Fluorescent Agents for DNA Analyses. Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 8: 94-102; 1997. Hamawy, G. Freeze-Drying as a Potential Mean for Waste Handling of Animal Carcasses Containing Radioactive Material . Health Phys. 6991): 115-116; 1995. Hunt, N. Personal communication. 2000.

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Page 45 Israelsen, B. Senate Budget Bill Expedites Envirocare Application; Company Wants Permission to Dispose of Significantly Hotter Radioactive Waste; House. Salt Lake Tribune, February 29, 2000. Kaye, G., Methe, B., Weber, P. Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management in an Academic Medical Center. In: Hospital Health Physics, Proceedings of the 1993 Health Physics Society Summer School. Eichholz, G. and Shonka, J., eds. Richland, WA: Research Enterprises. 229-244; 1993. King, S., Miller, K., Zook, G. The Incineration Program at the M. S. Hershey Medical Center. Proceedings of the International Conference on Incineration of Hazardous, Radioactive and Mixed Wastes. San Francisco, CA. M1-M8 ; 1988. Kricka, L.J. Chemiluminescent techniques. Clin. Chem. 37: 1472-1481; 1991. Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980. Public Law No. 96-573. 1980 Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985. Title 1 of Public Law No. 99-240. 1985 LLW Forum, Summary Report: Low Level Radioactive Waste Management Activities in the States and Compacts, and Accompanying Development Chart. Washington, DC: Low-Level Radioactive Waste Forum, 1998. LLW Notes Supplement. Commercial LLRW Volumes and Activity 1986-1999. Afton Associates, Inc. for LLRW Forum. March/April 2000. LLRW Management Summary Report. January 1999. Mansfield, E.S., Worley, J.M., McKenzie, S.E., Surrey, S., Rappaport, E., Fortina, P. Nucleic Acid Detection Using Non-Radioactive Labelling Methods. Mol Cell Probes 9: 145-156; 1995. Miller, K.L. The Effect of the Current LLRW Disposal Situation on Current and Future Biomedical Research in the U.S. Report to the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council Committee on the Impact of Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Policy on Biomedical Research in the United States. August 2, 2000. Miller, K.L. Pennock, R., Bowman, G., Hernandez, M. A Xenon-133 Trapping and Holding System for Use in Animal Cerebral Blood Flow Studies. Health Phys. 37(3): 414-417; 1979. MIMS (Manifest Information Management System). http://mims.inel.gov/web/owa/gentype.report

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Page 46 National LLW Management Program. National Institutes of Health: Mixed Waste Minimization and Treatment. DOE/LLW-218. U.S. Department of Energy, August 1995. National LLW Management Program. 1999 State-by-State Assessment of LLRW Received at Commercial Disposal Sites. 2000. OMB. Office of Management and Budget. Circular A-21. 2000. OTA. Office of Technology Assessment. Partnerships under Pressure: Managing Low Level Radioactive Waste. OTA-0-426. Washington, DC: Office of Technology Assessment, US Congress, 1989. Osborne, J.W. Management of Low Level Radioactive Waste: the University of Iowa Experience. Report to the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council Committee on the Impact of Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Policy on Biomedical Research in the United States: August 2, 2000. Organizations United: Lessons Learned from the Barnwell Closure to 31 States. January 1996. Party, E., Gershey, E.L. A Review of Some Available Radioactive and Non-Radioactive Substitutes for Use in Biomedical Research. Health Phys. 69(1): 1-5; 1995. Party, E., Gershey, E.L. Recommendations for Radioactive Waste Reduction in Biomedical/Academic Institutions. Health Phys. 56(4): 571-572; 1989. Plan for Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management in North Carolina. Appendix D. April 2000. North Carolina Radiation Protection Survey by phone, 1999. Porter, H. What Effect the New Atlantic Low-Level Waste Compact will have on Biomedical Waste Disposal, the Future Availability of Disposal Capacity, and the Barnwell Site Waste Acceptance Criteria? Report to the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council Committee on the Impact of Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Policy on Biomedical Research in the United States. August 2, 2000. Ring, J., Osborne, F., Shapiro, J., Johnson, R. Radioactive Waste Management at a Large University and Medical Research Complex. Health Phys. 65(2): 193-199: 1993. Ryan, M.T., Newcomb, W.E. The Status of Commercial Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal in the United States. Technology, 7: 479-489, 2000. Saito, K., Miyatake, H., Kobori, H., Kurihara, N. Pretreatment of Animal Wastes Containing Radioisotopes with Dry-Distillation. Health Phys. 69(1); 117-120: 1995.

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Page 47 Sandhu, G.S., Eckloff, B.W., Kline, B.C. Chemiluminescent Substrates Increase Sensitivity of Antigen Detection in Western Blots. Biotechniques 11: 14-16; 1991. Smith, L., Todisco, L., Anderson, G. “A Manufacturer's Perspective on the Impact of Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Policies on Biomedical Research.” Report to the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council Committee on the Impact of Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Policy on Biomedical Research in the United States. August 2, 2000. Sprau, D. Personal communication. 1998. Strong, T. Personal communication. 1998 The Scientist – Sequence or Die: Automated Instrumentation for the Genome Era. April 12, 1999. (www.the-scientist.com/yr1999/apr/profile1_990412.html). The Scientist – The Western Lights: Chemiluminescent Techniques for Western Blot Detection Let Researchers Shed their Lead Aprons. March 6, 2000. (www.the-scientist.com/yr2000/mar/profile2_000306.html). Todisco, LR, Smith, LR. A Manufactures Perspective on Low-Level Mixed Waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal. 1995. Tries, M., Ring, J., Chabot, G. Environmental Monitoring for a Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Facility: Incinerator Operations. Health Phys. 71(3): 384-394; 1996. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. http://www.epa.gov/radiation/mixed-waste/nat_prof.htm U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Storage Guidance. Available: http://www.epa.gov/radiation/mixed-waste/mw_p27.htm U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 260-280. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2000. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Licensing Requirement for Land Disposal of Radioactive Waste. Code of Federal Regulations. Washington, D.C. U.S. Government Printing Office; Title 10, Part 61, Washington, DC: USNRC; 1983. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Standards for Protection Against Radiation. Code of Federal Regulations. Washington, D.C. U.S. Government Printing Office; Title 10, Part 20.2001-2006, Washington, DC: USNRC; 1991a. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Standards for Protection Against Radiation. Code of Federal Regulations. Washington, D.C. U.S. Government Printing Office; Title

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Page 48 10, Appendix B to Part 20 – Annual Limits on Intake (ALIs) and Derived Air Concentrations (DACs) of Radionuclides for Occupational Exposure; Effluent Concentrations; Concentrations for Release to Sewerage. Washington, DC: USNRC; 1991b. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Review of Existing Guidance Concerning the Extended Storage of Low-Level Radioactive Waste. SECY 94-198, 1994. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Standards for Protection Against Radiation. Code of Federal Regulations. Washington, D.C. U.S. Government Printing Office; Title 10, Part 20, Washington, DC: USNRC; 1999a. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Wastes in Geologic Repositories. Code of Federal Regulations. U.S. Government Printing Office; Title 10, Part 60, Washington, DC: USNRC; 1999b. Wilson, B. Personal communication. 1998.