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Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter: • III • Appendix A Biographical Information on the Committee on Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter J ONATHAN S AMET (Chair), The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland. Jonathan Samet is professor and chairman of the Department of Epidemiology at The Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health. Dr. Samet earned an M.D. from the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry and an M.S. in epidemiology from the Harvard School of Public Health. He is board-certified in internal medicine and the subspecialty of pulmonary disease. He was formerly professor and chief of the Pulmonary and Critical Care Division in the Department of Medicine at the University of New Mexico School of Medicine. He is past-president of the Society for Epidemiologic Research. He has served on EPA's Science Advisory Board. He is currently on the Board of Overseers and Board of Editors for the American Journal of Epidemiology. Dr. Samet was awarded the Surgeon General's Medallion in 1990. He was elected to the Institute of Medicine in 1997 and currently serves as chairman of the present committee. He also served recently as chairman of the NRC Committee on Health Risks of Exposure to Radon (BEIR VI), Phase II.
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Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter: • III • G LEN R. C ASS , Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia Glen R. Cass is chairman and professor of the School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, and professor of civil and environmental engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Previously, he was a professor of environmental engineering and mechanical engineering at the California Institute of Technology. He earned his Ph.D. in environmental engineering from the same institution. Research conducted by Professor Cass focuses on developing methods for identifying the least costly means of air pollution abatement in a complex regional setting. He is currently studying the formation and control of gaseous and fine-particle pollutants, control strategies for visibility improvement, indoor air quality, economic optimization of pollution control strategies, and strategies for protection of works of art from damage due to air pollution. He is a member of the research advisory committee for the Health Effects Institute, and a consultant to both government and industry on air pollution and its control. He previously served on the EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee and on EPA's FACA Subcommittee on Ozone, Fine Particles, and Regional Haze. Dr. Cass served on the NRC Committee on Haze in National Parks and Wilderness Areas and the Committee on Preserving Historical Documents. J UDITH C. C HOW , Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nevada. Dr. Judith C. Chow is a research professor at the Atmospheric Sciences Division, Desert Research Institute. She earned her Sc.D. in environmental science from Harvard University. She has been a major collaborator in more than 40 air quality studies and is currently co-principal investigator on several studies, including the evaluation of aerosol measurement methods, sampling strategies, and databases. She authored the Air & Waste Management Association's 1995 annual critical review on aerosol measurement methods and has over 100 peer-reviewed publications. She serves as chair of the Air & Waste Management Association's Measurement Division. She also serves as chair of the Metals 1 Subcommittee of the Intersociety Committee for Methods of Air Sampling and Analysis. Dr. Chow was technical program chair for the Air and Waste Management Association's International Symposium on PM2.5: A Fine Particle Standard.
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Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter: • III • B ART E. C ROES , California Air Resources Board, Sacramento, California. Bart E. Croes is the chief of the Research Division at the California Air Resources Board. He received his B.S. in chemical engineering from the California Institute of Technology and his M.S. in chemical engineering from the University of California at Santa Barbara. He was the program manager for the 1997 Southern California Ozone Study and Aerosol Program and former manager of atmospheric processes, particulate matter, and acid deposition research at the California Air Resources Board. He is on the Executive Steering Committee for the North American Research Strategy for Tropospheric Ozone (NARSTO) Program, has served on several EPA peer-review panels, and is a consultant to several Asian air pollution control agencies. R OBERT E. F ORSTER , The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Robert Forster is Isaac Ott Professor Emeritus in the Department of Physiology at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. He received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania, is a former chairman of the Department of Physiology at the University of Pennsylvania, and is past-president of the American Physiological Society. He was awarded a Von Humboldt Prize in 1993. Dr. Forster was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1973 and has served as chair of NAS Section 23 (Physiology and Pharmacology) and as a member of several NRC committees. Dr. Forester's interests are in respiratory physiology, in particular on the kinetics of oxygen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide processes in related exchanges. D ANIEL S. G REENBAUM , Health Effects Institute, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Daniel S. Greenbaum is the president and chief executive officer of the Health Effects Institute, an independent research institute funded jointly by government and industry to provide impartial and relevant research on the health effects of air pollution. He earned his Masters of City Planning from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. At the Health Effects Institute, Mr. Greenbaum has overseen the development and implementation of a research plan that focuses the institute's efforts on providing critical research and reanalysis on
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Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter: • III • particulate matter, air toxics, and alternative fuels. In 1999, he served as chair of the EPA Blue Ribbon Panel on Oxygenates in Gasoline, which made recommendations on how to preserve the air pollution benefits of reformulated gasoline while preventing water contamination from MTBE and other additives. Prior to joining the Health Effects Institute, he served as commissioner of the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection. P HILIP K. H OPKE , Clarkson University, Potsdam, New York. Philip Hopke is the Robert A. Plane Professor of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry at Clarkson University. He earned his Ph.D. in chemistry from Princeton University. Prior to joining Clarkson University, he was a professor of environmental chemistry at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. His research interests include chemical characterization of airborne particles. He currently serves on the EPA Clean Air Science Advisory Committee (CASAC). He is a former director of the American Association of Aerosol Research and editor-in-chief of its journal. He has served on six NRC committees, including the NRC Committee on Advances in Assessing Human Exposure to Airborne Pollutants. His most recent service has been on the NRC Committee on Health Risks of Exposure to Radon (BEIR VI), Phase II and the Committee on Risk Assessment of Exposure to Radon in Drinking Water. P ETROS K OUTRAKIS , Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts. Petros Koutrakis is professor of environmental sciences and director of the Environmental Chemistry Laboratory at Harvard University. He received his Ph.D. in environmental chemistry from the University of Paris. His research interests include human exposure assessment, ambient and indoor air pollution, environmental analytical chemistry, and environmental management. Dr. Koutrakis has almost 100 peer-reviewed publications and seven patents. He is the director of the EPA/Harvard University Ambient Particle Center. He is the technical editor-in-chief of the Journal of Air and Waste Management Association, consultant to the EPA Science Advisory Board, chairman of the EPA speciation network, member of the American Chemistry Council Stra-
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Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter: • III • tegic Science Team and consultant to the Chilean Environmental Agency. D ANIEL K REWSKI , University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Krewski is professor of medicine and of epidemiology and community medicine at the University of Ottawa and adjunct research professor of statistics at Carleton University. Previously, he served as director of risk management and as director of the Bureau of Chemical Hazards with Health Canada. He received his M.Sc. and Ph.D. in mathematics and statistics from Carleton University, and his M.H.A. from the University of Ottawa. Dr. Krewski is associate editor of Risk Analysis and Journal of Epidemiology and Biostatistics. He is currently a member of the NRC Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology and its Committee on Toxicology. He recently chaired the NRC's Colloquium on Scientific Advances and the Future in Toxicologic Risk Assessment. Dr. Krewski has published more than 300 journal articles and book chapters in the areas of risk assessment, biostatistics, and epidemiology. P AUL J AMES L IOY , University of Medicine and Dentistry–New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey. Dr. Paul James Lioy is a professor of environmental and community medicine at UMDNJ–Robert Wood Johnson Medical School and deputy director at the jointly sponsored Environmental and Occupational Medicine (EOHSI) of Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey and University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey. Dr. Lioy received his Ph.D. in environmental sciences from Rutgers University. He has over 150 peer-reviewed publications. His research interests include assessing human exposure to outdoor and indoor air pollutants, and techniques and field studies for characterizing atmospheric pollutants. He is a former chairman of the New Jersey Clean Air Council. He is a former member of the NRC's Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology and five NRC committees. He served as chairman of the NRC Committee on Advances in Assessing Human Exposure to Air-borne Pollutants. Currently, he serves on the Science Advisory Board of the EPA and is chair of the Subcommittee on Health and Ecological
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Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter: • III • Effects Valuation. He is a member of the International Air Quality Board of the International Joint Commission of U.S./Canada. J OE L. M AUDERLY , Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Dr. Joe L. Mauderly is a senior scientist and director of external affairs of the Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute and president of its subsidiary, the Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute. Dr. Mauderly received his D.V.M. from Kansas State University and specialized in respiratory physiology and comparative pulmonary responses to inhaled toxicants. He is past director of the Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute. He is a past chairman of the Environmental and Occupational Health Assembly of the American Thoracic Society and a past president and councilor of the Inhalation Specialty Section of the Society of Toxicology. He is a former chairman of the Electric Power Research Institute's Air Pollution Health Studies Advisory Committee and a former member of the Health Effects Institute's Research Committee. He is a past chairman of EPA's Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee. He serves on the editorial boards of Inhalation Toxicology and Experimental Lung Research, and is former associate editor of Fundamental and Applied Toxicology. He also served as a member of the NRC Subcommittee on Pulmonary Toxicology. R OGER O. M CCLELLAN , Albuquerque, New Mexico and Emeritus, Chemical Industry Institute of Toxicology, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina. Roger McClellan is president emeritus of the Chemical Industry Institute of Toxicology (CIIT) and adjunct professor of toxicology at Duke University, North Carolina State University, and University of North Carolina–Chapel Hill. He served as president of CIIT from 1988 to 1999. Dr. McClellan earned his D.V.M. from Washington State University and is a diplomate of the American Board of Veterinary Toxicology and the American Board of Toxicology. He is a former president and director of the Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute, Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute. He has
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Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter: • III • served on numerous government advisory committees, including the NIH toxicology study section, NIEHS advisory council, EPA's science advisory board, and as chair of EPA's Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee. He is a past president of the Society of Toxicology (SOT), the Inhalation Specialty Section of SOT, and the American Association for Aerosol Research and a fellow of the Society for Risk Analysis, the Health Physics Society, and the American Association for Advancement of Science. He serves or has served on various editorial boards, including Journal of Fundamental and Applied Toxicology, Environmental Health Perspectives, Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health and Inhalation Toxicology, and serves as editor of Critical Reviews in Toxicology. He has received special awards from the Society of Toxicology, Health Physics Society, the American Association for Aerosol Research, the International Society for Aerosols in Medicine, and the International Society of Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology. Dr. McClellan was elected to the Institute of Medicine in 1990. He is a former chair of the NRC's Committee on Toxicology and has served on several other NRC committees. He has a long-standing interest in the toxicology and assessment of human risks of airborne materials. G ÜNTER O BERDÖRSTER , University of Rochester, Rochester, New York. Günter Oberdörster is professor in the Department of Environmental Medicine and head of the Division of Respiratory Biology and Toxicology at the University of Rochester. He is internationally recognized for his research on the effects and underlying mechanisms of lung injury induced by inhaled nonfibrous and fibrous particles, including modeling and risk assessment. Dr. Oberdörster earned his D.V.M. and Ph.D. (med. vet.) from the University of Giessen in Germany. He is a past-president of the Society of Toxicology's Inhalation Toxicology Specialty Section (ISS), a consultant to EPA's Clean Air Science Advisory Committee, a former member of the EPA Science Advisory Board's Subcommittee on Heavy Metals, a former member of the International Agency for Research on Cancer Committee, and a former member of the Board of Scientific Counselors of the National Toxicology Program. Dr. Oberd örster is a recipient of the Joseph von Fraunhofer Prize (Germany), the Society of Toxicology's ISS Career Achievement Award, and the Society of Toxicology's ISS 1997 Paper of the
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Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter: • III • Year Award. He is on the editorial board of the Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Inhalation Toxicology. He is also currently a member of the NRC's Committee on Toxicology. R EBECCA P ARKIN , George Washington University, Washington, D.C. Dr. Rebecca Parkin is associate research professor at George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services. Dr. Parkin earned her M.P.H. in environmental health and her Ph.D. in epidemiology from Yale University. She is a former director of scientific, professional, and section affairs at the American Public Health Association as well as assistant commissioner for the Division of Occupational and Environmental Health of the New Jersey Department of Health. She is a member of the NRC Water Science and Technology Board and has served on several NRC and IOM committees, including the Committee on Risk Assessment of Hazardous Air Pollutants. She is a liaison member of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' National Advisory Committee on Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention. She has served as a member of study panels of the U.S. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry and continues to serve as a member on subcommittees of EPA's Science Advisory Board. J OYCE P ENNER , University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Joyce Penner is a professor of atmospheric, oceanic, and space sciences at the University of Michigan-Ann Arbor. She earned her Ph.D. in applied mathematics from Harvard University. She is a former division leader of the Global Climate Research Division at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. She is an associate editor for the Journal of Geophysical Research and the Journal of Climate. She was recently elected to the International Commission on Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Pollution. She is a member of the NRC Committee on Geophysical and Environmental Data and has served on the NRC Committee on Atmospheric Chemistry and the Panel on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Change. R ICHARD S CHLESINGER , New York University School of Medicine, Tuxedo, New York. Dr. Richard Schlesinger is professor of environmental medicine at
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Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter: • III • New York University School of Medicine and is director of the Systemic Toxicology Program. He received his Ph.D. in biology from New York University and has held a number of research and academic appointments at the NYU Medical School since 1969. He was a recipient of a Research Career Development Award from NIEHS and the Kenneth Morgareidge Award from the International Life Sciences Institute for contributions to the field of inhalation toxicology. He is a past-president of the Inhalation Specialty Section of the Society of Toxicology and is recipient of the Career Achievement Award from the Specialty Section. He has served on EPA's Peer Review Panels for the Environmental Toxicology and Human Studies Divisions, and EPA's Expert Panel to Assess Needs for Ozone Research. Dr. Schlesinger is an associate editor of Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology and is on the editorial advisory board of Inhalation Toxicology. He has served on the NCRP Task Force for Dosimetry Modeling and on the NRC Subcommittee on Pulmonary Toxicology and is currently a member of the NRC Subcommittee on Acute Exposure Guideline Levels. F RANK S PEIZER , Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts. Frank Speizer is professor of medicine at the Harvard Medical School, professor of environmental science at the Harvard School of Public Health, and a senior physician at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Beth Israel Hospital. Dr. Speizer received his M.D. from Stanford University Medical School. He has held a number of academic appointments at the Harvard University Medical School and School of Public Health since 1968. He has served on the Scientific Advisory Board of the American Lung Association/American Thoracic Society, and was a councillor to the Board of the International Society for Environmental Epidemiology. He is currently associate editor for Environmental Research. Dr. Speizer was a member of the NRC Committee on an Assessment of a Study of Possible Occupational Health Effects on Ionizing Radiation Among Nuclear Utility Workers and a member of the NRC Subcommittee on Pulmonary Toxicology. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine. M ARK U TELL , University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York.
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Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter: • III • Mark Utell is professor of medicine and environmental medicine at the University of Rochester School of Medicine. Dr. Utell earned his M.D. from Tufts University School of Medicine. He has been at the University of Rochester School of Medicine since 1975, holding a number of positions including director of the Pulmonary/Critical Care and Occupational Medicine Divisions. Currently, he serves as the acting chairman of medicine. He has served on many national committees, including EPA's Science Advisory Board, EPA's Clean Air Science Advisory Committee, and NASA's Panel on Airborne Particulate Matter in Spacecraft. He is associate editor of Environmental Research, and a a recipient of the NIEHS Academic Award in Environmental and Occupational Medicine. Dr. Utell has served on several other NRC committees. R ONALD H. W HITE , American Lung Association and National Osteoporosis Foundation, Washington, D.C. Ronald H. White is formerly director of national programs at the American Lung Association and currently an advisor to the association. He is assistant executive director of education, research, and community affairs at the National Osteoporosis Foundation. He earned his Master of Science in environmental studies from Antioch University in 1978. Prior to joining the American Lung Association, he was a senior transportation/air quality planner and then a public participation coordinator with the Tri-State Regional Planning Commission in New York. He has served as a member of the Integrated Human Exposure Committee of the EPA Science Advisory Board, as well as of the EPA Blue Ribbon Panel to review the use of oxygenates in gasoline. Mr. White currently serves on the science advisory committees for several air pollution health effects research projects. Warren H. White, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri. Warren H. White is a senior research associate at Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri. He received his Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of Wisconsin. Dr. White's research focuses on airborne particles and visibility impairment. He served on the review panel for the PM Criteria Document and is a former member of the EPA Clean Air Science Advisory Committee (CASAC) and its PM Moni-
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Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter: • III • toring Subcommittee. He is on the NRC's Committee to Assess the North American Research Strategy for Tropospheric Ozone (NARSTO) Program and is a source of coordination with that committee, whose work is highly relevant to the present committee. He previously served as a member of the NRC Committee on Haze in National Parks and Wilderness Areas. R ONALD W YZGA , Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, California. Ronald Wyzga is technical executive of the Air Quality, Health, and Risk Area of EPRI (Electric Power Research Institute). He received his A.B. in mathematics from Harvard College, his M.S. in statistics from Florida State University, and his Sc.D. in biostatistics from Harvard School of Public Health. He has held various research and managerial positions within EPRI since 1975, including senior manager of air quality and risk. He has been involved in air quality research on particulate matter, ozone, air toxics, and visibility issues. He is a fellow of the American Statistical Association. He previously served with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Paris, where he coauthored a book on evaluation of environmental damage. He has served on several committees of the NRC and EPA's Science Advisory Board. TERRY F. YOSIE , American Chemistry Council, Arlington, Virginia. Terry Yosie is vice president of strategic communications at American Chemistry Council. He earned his doctorate from the College of Humanities and Social Sciences at Carnegie Mellon University. He has approximately 20 years of professional experience in managing and analyzing the use of scientific information in the setting of environmental standards. From 1978 to 1981, he was the first executive director of the Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee (CASAC), which is responsible for reviewing the scientific basis of National Ambient Air Quality Standards. He served as director of EPA's Science Advisory Board (1981-1988) and as vice president for health and environment at the American Petroleum Institute (1988-1992). From 1992 to 1999, Dr. Yosie was executive vice president of Ruder Finn, Inc. where he was responsible for the firm's environmental management practice.
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Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter: • III • He was a member of the NRC Committee to Review the Structure and Performance of the Health Effects Institute and currently serves on the NRC's Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. He is also a consultant to EPA's Science Advisory Board.
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