Page 46

degradation by certain adverse weather conditions or terrain. In addition, sensors and communication systems are more susceptible to electromagnetic pulse and similar phenomena than mechanical APL. Furthermore, systems in which the sensor is separated from the response element can not, by definition, respond instantaneously.

The committee evaluated 15 alternative systems that should be available by 2006. These are listed, along with some of their characteristics, in Table 6-1. Six of the alternatives would be used against dismounted threats. These were compared with the current M14 and M16 mines as a baseline. The nine alternatives that would be used against mounted threats were compared with the current M87 Volcano mixed mine system as a baseline. Descriptions of the alternatives follow as well as brief written assessments and a table measuring the alternatives against the criteria described in Chapter 4.

TABLE 6-1 Alternatives Available by 2006
         

Dismounted Enemy

 

Mounted Enemy

 

System Name

APL/AT/Mixed Non-Mine

Self-destructing/Self-deactivating

Lethal/Nonlethal

Ottawa Complianta

Remotely Delivered

Hand Emplaced

Remotely Delivered

Hand Emplaced

Hand-Emplaced Sensor Field (HESF)

n/m

n/a

n/a

Y

 

X

   

Nonself-Destructing Alternative (NSD-A) Track I

APL

Y

L

b

 

X

   

Sphinx-Moder Perimeter Defense System

APL

N

L

Y

 

X

   

Multiple-Shot Claymore Mine

APL

N

L

Y

 

X

   

Bounding Nonlethal Munition (BNLM)

n/m

n/a

N/L

Y

 

X

   

Taser Nonlethal Munition

n/m

n/a

N/L

Y

 

X

   

Wide Area Munition Product Improvement Program (WAM PIP)

AT

Y

L

Y

     

X

Remote Area-Denial Artillery Munition (RADAM) Track I

Mix

Y

L

N

X

 

X

 

RAAMS Enhanced with Telemetry (RD Telemetry)

AT

Y

L

Y

   

X

 

Canister-Launched Area-Denial System (CLADS)c

APL

n/a

N/L

Y

X

 

X

 

Volcano-CLADS

Mix

Y

L

Y

X

 

X

 

AT Pure-Modular-Pack Mine System

AT

Y

L

Y

   

X

 

AT Pure-Gator

AT

Y

L

Y

   

X

 

Dual-Purpose Improved Conventional Munition (DPICM) with Random-Delay Fuzing (Popcorn)

Mix

Y

L

Y

X

 

X

 

Small Short-Duration Mine System (SSDMS)

Mix

Y

L

N

X

 

X

 

a The committee used the definition found in the Ottawa Convention to determine whether a system would be Ottawa compliant.

b Ottawa compliance would depend on whether the battlefield override switch was a part of the design.

c Assumed to be used alongside AT mines.

For Use Against Dismounted Threats

Hand-Emplaced Sensor Field

Source: Committee on Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines in discussions with DOD scientists

The Hand-Emplaced Sensor Field (HESF) could provide an early warning that dismounted intruders were approaching. The sensors could combine acoustic, laser, and infrared virtual trip wires, infrared imaging, motion, video, biological, seismic, or other technologies. Sensor input could be communicated back to the operator via either wire/fiber optics or wireless communication using a Single-Channel Ground-to-Air Radio System (SINCGARS).

The distance between the sensors and the friendly location would depend on the situation. Sensors would be far



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement