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Technologies Conference at MIT and served as a member of both the Nonlethal Weapons Study Group for the Council on Foreign Relations and the Ethics and Health Policy Panel for the Hastings Center. He has served as a consultant to the Commission on Government Procurement, the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Naval War College, the Office of Naval Research, the RAND Corporation, and the Applied Physics Laboratory at Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Sapolsky is a member of the Senior Review Group, Army Technology Seminar, the Assessment Panel for the U.S. Department of Defense Dual-Use Science and Technology Program and the Council on Foreign Relations. His most recent activity with the National Research Council was membership on the Committee on Risk Perception and Communication.

DANIEL R. SCHROEDER, Lieutenant General, U.S. Army (retired), has had a long and unique career in the military. He received his undergraduate degree in engineering from the U.S. Naval Academy and an M.S. in systems management from the Air Force Institute of Technology. He is a graduate of the U.S. Marine Corps Amphibious Warfare School and the U.S. Army War College. A decorated combat veteran, he counts among his many military assignments service as Deputy Assistant Chief of Engineers, Commandant of the U.S. Army Engineer School, and Deputy Commander in Chief of the U.S. Army Europe and Seventh Army. After completing his military service, General Schroeder was the senior vice president and general manager for modeling, simulation, and training for LORAL Federal Systems, now Lockheed Martin Information Systems. Since 1998, General Schroeder has been a consultant to several U.S. corporations.

MARION SCOTT is deputy director for sensors and national security at the Microsystems Science, Technology, and Components Center, Sandia National Laboratories. He attended Southern Methodist University where he received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering. He currently has programmatic responsibility for the development of sensors for a wide variety of applications, ranging from weapon state-of-health monitoring to the monitoring of industrial processes. Several of the sensors in this program area are being developed for nonproliferation applications. A major activity within his program area is the development of a miniature chemical analysis system for the detection of chemical warfare agents. Prior to assuming his current position, Dr. Scott was the manager of the Advanced Geophysical Technology Department and a staff member in the Opto-electronics Department at Sandia.

K. ANNE STREET is president and chief executive officer of Riverside Consulting Group, which specializes in the interaction of human factors and technology. In her previous position as president and chief operating officer of Geo-Centers, her projects included a ground-penetrating radar system capable of detecting landmines. Ms. Street has worked for several companies in her 27-year career, including DynCorp, Battelle Memorial Institute, The Parsons Corporation, and Fluor Engineers, Inc. She is a registered professional engineer and has an M.S. in ocean engineering and a B.S. in metallurgy and materials science. She is a member of the Board of Trustees of Aerospace Corporation and an active alumna of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, including service as a member of the Visiting Committee for the Department of Materials Science and Engineering.

PATRICK H. WINSTON, Ford Professor of Artificial Intelligence and Computer Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, earned his Ph.D. in computer science. He is involved in the study of how vision, language, and motor faculties account for intelligence and is working on applications of artificial intelligence enabled by learning, precedent-based reasoning, and common-sense problem solving. His new initiatives include the Human Intelligence Enterprise, which brings together and focuses research from several fields, including computer science, systems neuroscience, cognitive science, and linguistics. Dr. Winston also chaired the Naval Research Advisory Committee.

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