Acronyms and Abbreviations


A/E

attaching and effacing

AIDS

acquired immune deficiency syndrome

AWWA

American Water Works Association

AWWARF

AWWA Research Foundation


BMD

benchmark dose

bp

base pair


CCL

Drinking Water Contaminant Candidate List

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CIM

contaminant identification method

COMMPS

Combined Monitoring-Based and Modeling-Based Priority Setting

CPF

cancer potency factor


DALY

disability adjusted life-year

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

DOE

U.S. Department of Energy

DYNAMEC

dynamic mechanism for selecting and prioritizing hazardous substances


EC

European Commission

EDPSD

Endocrine Disruptor Priority-Setting Database

EDSTAC

Endocrine Disruptor Screening and Testing Advisory Committee (EPA)

ELISA

enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

EPA

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency


FDA

U.S. Food and Drug Administration



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OCR for page 208
Classifying Drinking Water Contaminants for Regulatory Consideration Acronyms and Abbreviations A/E attaching and effacing AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome AWWA American Water Works Association AWWARF AWWA Research Foundation BMD benchmark dose bp base pair CCL Drinking Water Contaminant Candidate List CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CIM contaminant identification method COMMPS Combined Monitoring-Based and Modeling-Based Priority Setting CPF cancer potency factor DALY disability adjusted life-year DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DOE U.S. Department of Energy DYNAMEC dynamic mechanism for selecting and prioritizing hazardous substances EC European Commission EDPSD Endocrine Disruptor Priority-Setting Database EDSTAC Endocrine Disruptor Screening and Testing Advisory Committee (EPA) ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration

OCR for page 208
Classifying Drinking Water Contaminants for Regulatory Consideration FISH fluorescent in situ hybridization GRAS generally recognized as safe (FDA) HEV hepatitis E virus HIV human immunodeficiency virus HPC heterotrophic plate count IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer IMS immunomagnetic separation IRIS Integrated Risk Information System (EPA) LEE locus for enterocytic effacement LFER linear free energy relationship LOAEL lowest observed adverse effect level MCL maximum contaminant level MCLG maximum contaminant level goal mRNA messenger ribonucleic acid MTBE methyl-t-butyl ether NCHS National Center for Health Statistics NCOD National Drinking Water Contaminant Occurrence Database (EPA) NDWAC National Drinking Water Advisory Council NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases NLM National Library of Medicine NLV Norwalk-like caliciviruses NOAEL no observed adverse effect level NPDWR National Primary Drinking Water Regulation NRC National Research Council ORD Office for Research and Development (EPA) OW Office of Water (EPA) PCCL preliminary CCL PCR polymerase chain reaction POP persistent organic pollutant PTB persistent, toxic, or liable to bioaccumulate PWS public water system

OCR for page 208
Classifying Drinking Water Contaminants for Regulatory Consideration QALY quality adjusted life-year QSAR quantitative structure-activity relationship RFD reference dose RFLP (PCR) restriction fragment length polymorphism RNA ribonucleic acid rRNA ribosomal RNA SAB Science Advisory Board (EPA) SAR structure-activity relationship SDWA Safe Drinking Water Act SDWIS Safe Drinking Water Information System SIX Shiga toxin TCID tissue culture infectious dose TIGR Institute for Genomic Research UCM unregulatored contaminant monitoring UCMR Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Regulation (Rule) USGS U.S. Geological Survey VAR virulence-activity relationship VFAR virulence-factor activity relationship WMG “Waterborne Microbial Genomics” project